Vehicle registration plates of Vietnam

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Vehicle registration plates of Vietnam generally take the form DDL-DDDDD for vehicles. Standard license plates have green characters on white background. Front plates measure 47x11 cm, rear ones are 27x20. F, J, W and Z are skipped, and the Vietnamese Đ is used.

Vietnamese plate, Hanoi
Vietnamese plate example (1975–1995)


French protectorate[edit]

In French Indochina, license plates were white-on-black on XXX1111 type, XXX is location code. 1111 can be anything (serial numbers).


Vietnamese plates in 1978–1984 were white-on-black and similar to previous one, but has 4 digits then 3 letters. 3 letters are city name, but based on Vietnamese language.


From 1984 to 2003 (current version) is black-on-white, then later green-on-white, with city name. Plates were A 1111 format, then 1A 1111 format, then AA 1111 format, then was going to switch to AAA 111 format, but the plan was cancelled. The leading two symbols are two digits, representing the province/municipality. The exact date of format changing is unknown. In 2012 a blue strip with a "VN" will be added on the left-hand side of the plates, as required by the new ASEAN licensing agreement.

The leading two numerals refer to the various provinces and major municipalities of Vietnam, unless they are letters (AA, AB, AC, and so on) which signify that the car belongs to the Ministry of Defence - in which case the plate will be red. Some plates also carry a red two-letter code following the provincial numerals, with "NG" (for ngoại giao) used for a diplomatic or NGO plate and "LD" for a vehicle belonging to a company which is 100% foreign-owned. If a colored letter (A, B, or C) follows the province code, the vehicle belongs to the local government).


The provincial/municipal codes are listed here:

Number Province/municipality
11 Cao Bằng
12 Lạng Sơn
14 Quảng Ninh
15/16 Hải Phòng
17 Thái Bình
18 Nam Định
19 Phú Thọ
20 Thái Nguyên
21 Yên Bái
22 Tuyên Quang
23 Hà Giang
24 Lào Cai
25 Lai Châu
26 Sơn La
27 Điện Biên
28 Hòa Bình
29–33/40 Hà Nội
34 Hải Dương
35 Ninh Bình
36 Thanh Hóa
37 Nghệ An
38 Hà Tĩnh
Number Province/municipality
39/60 Đồng Nai
43 Đà Nẵng
47 Đắk Lắk
48 Đắk Nông
49 Lâm Đồng
50–59 Hồ Chí Minh City
61 Bình Dương
62 Long An
63 Tiền Giang
64 Vĩnh Long
65 Cần Thơ
66 Đồng Tháp
67 An Giang
68 Kiên Giang
69 Cà Mau
70 Tây Ninh
71 Bến Tre
72 Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu
73 Quảng Bình
74 Quảng Trị
75 Thừa Thiên–Huế
76 Quảng Ngãi
Number Province/municipality
77 Bình Định
78 Phú Yên
79 Khánh Hòa
80 Central Government and Ministry of Public Security*
81 Gia Lai
82 Kon Tum
83 Sóc Trăng
84 Trà Vinh
85 Ninh Thuận
86 Bình Thuận
88 Vĩnh Phúc
89 Hưng Yên
90 Hà Nam
92 Quảng Nam
93 Bình Phước
94 Bạc Liêu
95 Hậu Giang
97 Bắc Kạn
98 Bắc Giang
99 Bắc Ninh
*Note 1: These agencies also use regularly licensed vehicles