Vehicle registration plates of the Philippines
- 1 History
- 2 2014 series (Plate standardization project)
- 3 1981 series
- 4 Current specifications
- 4.1 Dimensions and medium
- 4.2 Typeface
- 4.3 Protocol/High-ranking government plates
- 4.4 Regular government plates
- 4.5 Diplomatic/other exempted vehicle plates
- 4.6 Public utility vehicles
- 4.7 Private vehicles
- 4.8 Trailers
- 4.9 Electric vehicles
- 4.10 Motorcycles
- 4.11 Tricycles
- 4.12 Department of Tourism accredited vehicles
- 5 Coding scheme
- 6 Plate Numbers in National Capital Region
- 7 Provincial Plate Numbers
- 8 Government Plate Numbers
- 9 Motorcycle plate numbers - MC(NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION)
- 10 Optional motor vehicle special plates (OMVSP)
- 11 References
2014 series (Plate standardization project)
In January 2013, a Land Transportation Office ventures the plate standardization project with safety features that would have bar codes, and 1981 series could become unavailable. LTO would issue new format for light motor vehicles LLL-DDDD and for motorcycles LL-DDDDD. The alphanumeric symbols for private cars will be black on a white background, while those for public utility vehicles (PUVs) would continue on black on yellow with the authorized route also to be indicated. Motorcycle plates would also be black on white, as would those for tricycles used for personal purposes. Tricycles used as PUVs would also continue with the black on yellow scheme. Government plates, meanwhile, would have sport red symbols on a white background, with the name of the agency/office to be indicated. Diplomatic plates would continue carry blue symbols on a white background, while Other Exempt Vehicles (OEV) would have black symbols on a light blue background. The new plate format series and design was originally to be scheduled on September or October 2013.  However, it has been delayed several times due to funds for releasing new plates and newly buying cars place with temporary license plates from conduction stickers. It has confirmed on February 2014, that the new plates were released on May 2014.
|Private vehicle not for commercial uses (Light cars, SUV, Light truck)|
|Public utility vehicle (AUV, Jeepneys, Taxicabs and School Bus)|
|Cars for government official uses (Police car and Fire truck).|
|Public utility||Public utility use for Tricycles|
|Motorcycles for government official uses (Police motorcycles).|
|Other exempted vehicles|
|Private cars or light trucks not for commercial uses.|
|Public utility cars (AUV, Jeepneys, Taxicabs and School Bus)|
|Cars for government official uses.|
|Public utility||Public utility use for Tricycles|
|Motorcycles for government official uses (Police motorcycles).|
|Other exempted vehicles|
Dimensions and medium
The current series of Philippine registration plates (Tagalog: plaka) measure 390 x 140 mm. The characters are stamped on an aluminium plate which is then applied with reflectorised paint. Previously, numerous watermarks of the Land Transportation Office (LTO) logo as well as a small logo of the plate manufacturer were stamped on the plate. This was replaced in 2003 with a reflectorised, printed colour sticker of the statue to José Rizal. As of 2008[update], all plates issued by the LTO are produced by a sole, privately funded manufacturer in Manila.
The slogan on the bottom of the licence plate usually reflects the goals campaign of the incumbent President. The practice began under President Fidel V. Ramos' "Philippines 2000" campaign in 1995. Until 2004, plates also bore the word "Pilipinas" at the bottom; it was replaced with the Arroyo government's slogan "Matatag Na Republika" ("Strong Republic").
- PILIPINAS (the most common inscription; 1981–1995, 2001, 2002–2003, 2004–present)
- PHILIPPINES 2000 (1995–2000)
- ANGAT PINOY 2004 ("Raise Pinoy 2004"; 2000–2001)
- PERLAS NG SILANGAN ("Pearl of the Orient";2001–2002)
- MATATAG NA REPUBLIKA (2003-2014)
- NO SLOGAN (REGION WHERE VEHICLE WAS REGISTERED IS DISPLAYED INSTEAD) (2014-present)
There were numerous typefaces for Philippine registration plates. The current typeface used for Philippine registration plates was first implemented in 1981. It is loosely based on the Australian license plate system. There have been slight variations on the font design since then.
Protocol/High-ranking government plates
These plates are blue D or DD plates reserved for the top government officials of the Republic of the Philippines.
- 1 - President
- 2 - Vice President
- 3 - President of the Senate
- 4 - Speaker of the House of Representatives
- 5 - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
- 6 - Cabinet Secretaries
- 7 - Senators
- 8 - Representatives (Congressmen)
- 9 - Associate Justices of the Supreme Court
- 10 - Presiding Justice and other Justices of the Court of Appeals.
- 11 - Chairman, Commission on Elections
- 12 - Cabinet Undersecretary
- 13 - Solicitor-General
- 14 - Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and Chief of the Philippine National Police
- 16 - Regional Trial Court Judges
- 17 - First Level Courts (Metropolitan Trial Court, Municipal Trial Court, Municipal Trial Court in Cities and Shari'ah Circuit courts), added by Memorandum Order No. 297 signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on March 2, 2009
Regular government plates
Red characters on a white background, LLL-DDD plates that start with the letter "S".
Diplomatic/other exempted vehicle plates
Blue characters on a white background plates reserved for diplomats, embassy and consulate officials, country ambassadors and some expatriates such as scientists and researchers at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), in the form of DDDD or DDDDD. Ambassadors' plates are always "1000" and have the country they represent at the bottom of the plate. These plates have a small decal on the bottom left part with a "CM".
1001 - 9999: a small decal on the bottom left part, displayed as "DC" for "diplomatic corps"
10000 - 25999: embassy vehicles - a small decal on the bottom left part displayed as "OEV" for "other exempted vehicle"
Public utility vehicles
Yellow plates (black characters on a yellow background) are in the form LLL DDD and usually begin with either the letter "N" or "P" or "T" or "U" in NCR. Since the current series created in 1981, they always have either "V", "W", "X", or "Y" in the middle of the letter block. Older license plates starting with "N" and "P" may have other letters in the middle of the block, although the "V" "W" "X" "Y" letters are also present (from 1981 NVA-101 to early 1995 NYZ-999).
For private vehicles, the plate contains green-colored symbols on a white background with the number format as "LLL-DDD".
On newer vehicles, the first letter usually indicates the region where the vehicle is registered. For example, if the plate begins with the letter "N", the vehicle is registered in the National Capitol Region.
Yellow or green plates that mostly have either "U" (Private) or "Z" (For Hire) in the middle of the letter block.
For electric vehicles, orange plates are used (white symbols on orange background).
Green characters on a white background with the letters "MC" stamped on the upper left-hand corner next to the registration sticker. Usually in the format NK 9081, but with the rise in the number of motorcycles on the road, the 9081 NK format has also come into use.
Yellow characters on a black background. Same format as in private motorcycles. This plate is very rarely seen.
Green characters on a white background with the letters "MC" stamped on the upper left-hand corner next to the registration sticker. This is also rare because when a tricycle is purchased, its immediate use is to be a public transport vehicle and will be registered with black on yellow plates.
Black characters on a yellow background with the letters "TC" stamped on the upper right-hand corner next to the registration sticker.
Department of Tourism accredited vehicles
Vehicles accredited by the Department of Tourism (usually tour buses and airport taxis) are issued plates that look similar to those of private vehicles, but have yellow highlights mixed with the green color and share the same first letter of current public utility vehicle plates. These vehicles must also have special stickers placed on the rear windows indicating that they are DOT-accredited.
- "A" - Region I (Ilocos Region) and CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
- "B" - Region II (Cagayan Valley Region)
- "C" - Region III (Central Luzon Region), Superseded by "R" in 2003
- "D, - Regions IV-A (CALABARZON) and IV-B (MIMAROPA), Superseded by "V" in 2000
- "E" - Region V (Bicol Region)
- "F" - Region VI (Western Visayas Region
- "G" - Region VII (Central Visayas Region), Superseded by "Y" in 2004
- "H" - Region VIII (Eastern Visayas Region)
- "J" - Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula) and ARMM
- "K" - Regions X and XIII (Northern Mindanao and Caraga)
- "L" - Region XI (Davao Region)
- "M" - Region XII (SOCCSKSARGEN)
- "N" - National Capital Region, 1981–1982, 2009–2010 (with increments of "I", "O", and "Q")
- "P" - National Capital Region, 1982–1991, 2010–2011 (with increments of "I", "O", and "Q")
- "R" - Region III (Central Luzon Region), overflow Series for Private since 2003
- "S" - Government-owned (Red Plate) Vehicles
- "T" - National Capital Region, 1991–1995, 2011–2012 (with increments of "I", "O", and "Q")
- "U" - National Capital Region, 1995–1997, 2012-2013 (with increments of "I", "O", and "Q")
- "V" - Regions IV-A (CALABARZON) and IV-B (MIMAROPA), overflow Series for Private since 2000
- "W" - National Capital Region, 1997–2001, 2013–2014 (with increments of "I", "O", and "Q")
- "X" - National Capital Region, 2001–2005, 2014 (with increment of "I" before the release of 2014 series; see above)
- "Y" - Region VII (Central Visayas Region), overflow series for Private since 2004
- "Z" - National Capital Region, 2005–2009
New Geographical designation
Year 2014 and onwards plate number letters are all the same throughout the Philippines in a series and combination, since the region where it is registered is now displayed in the new license plates at the bottom part.
Plate Numbers in National Capital Region
Private (plate series with approximate year issued):
|1981||NA, NB, NC, ND, NE, NF, NG, NH, NJ, NK, NL, NM, NN, NP, NR, NS|
|1983||PB, PC, PD|
|1989||PM, PN, PP|
|1990||PR, PS, PT|
|1991||TA, TB, TC|
|1992||TD, TE, TF|
|1993||TG, TH, TJ, TK, TL|
|1994||TM, TN, TP, TR, TT|
|1995||UA(A-B), TS, UA(C-onwards), UB, UC, UD, UE|
|1996||UF, UG, UH, UJ, UK, UL, UM, UN|
|1997||UP, UR, US, UT, UU, WA, WB|
|1998||WC, WD, WE, WF|
|1999||WG, WH, WJ, WK, WL|
|2000||WM, WN, WP, WR|
|2001||WS, WT, XA, XB|
|2002||XC, XD, XE, XF, XG|
|2003||XH, XJ, XK, XL, XM|
|2004||XN, XP, XR, XS|
|2005||XT, ZA, ZB, ZC|
|2006||ZD, ZE, ZF, ZG|
|2007||ZH, ZJ, ZK, ZL|
|2008||ZM, ZN, ZP, ZR, ZS|
|2009||ZT, N-(I), N-(O), N-(Q), NI|
|2010||NO, NQ, P-(I), P-(O), P-(Q), PI|
|2011||PO, PQ, T-(I), T-(O), T-(Q), TI|
|2012||TO, TQ, UI, U-(I), UO|
|2013||UQ, U-(O), U-(Q), W-(I), W-(O), W-(Q)|
|2014||WI, WO, WQ; AAA, AAI, AAJ, AAK (new plate series)|
I, O and Q are previously not used to avoid confusion with the numbers "1" & "0". But with the exhaustion of the "Z" series in 2009, they are already used by reverting to the old "N" series. A new serial scheme is implemented using these characters, instead of the third letter coming into series (e.g. after ZAA-999 has been reached, ZAB-101) the middle letter is the one being replaced (e.g. after NAI-999 series has been exhausted, NBI-101 will follow). After all the possible combinations with I, O and Q as third letter for the same starting letter have been used, I, O and Q are used as middle letters and the third letter is being replaced (e.g. After NZQ-999 has been used, NIA-101 will follow), if the reverted letter is exhausted (e.g. After PQZ-999 has been used, TAI-101 will follow)
e.g. NUI-205, NOR-686, NIA-101, NQZ-544, PXI-296, PQQ-332, POC-902, PQL-497, TZO-390, TIQ-486, TOL-979, TQH-924, UIP-207, UMI-615, UOG-874, UOS-648, UQF-281, UQO 289, UFO-392, UDQ-800, WAI-365, WOO-911, WEQ-451, WIC-143, WOP-723, WQL-851, AAJ-8557
Provincial Plate Numbers
Private (plate series with approximate year issued)::
|Region I/CAR||AA, AB, AC(A-N)|
|Region II||BA, BB(A-N)|
|Region III||CA, CB, CC, CD, CE, CF, CG, CH, CJ(A-E)|
|Region IV||DA, DB, DC, DD, DE, DF, DG(A-V)|
|Region VI||FA, FB, FC(A-S)|
|Region VII||GA, GB, GC, GD(A-D)|
|Region X/XIII||KA, KB|
|Region XI||LA, LB, LC(A-E)|
|Region I/CAR||AC(P-onwards), AD, AE|
|Region II||BB(P-onwards), BC|
|Region III||CJ(F-onwards), CK, CL, CM, CN, CP, CR(A-E)|
|Region IV||DG(W-Z), DH, DJ, DK, DL, DM, DN, DP, DR, DS, DT|
|Region V||EA(V-Z), EB, EC|
|Region VI||FC(T-onwards), FD, FE|
|Region VII||GD(E-onwards), GE, GF, GG, GH, GJ, GK|
|Region VIII||HA(P-onwards), HB|
|Region IX/ARMM||JA(W-Z), JB|
|Region X/XIII||KB(M-onwards), KC|
|Region XI||LC(F-onwards), LD|
|Region XII||MA(X-Z), MB|
|Region I/CAR||AE, AF(A-D)|
|Region II||BC, BD, BE|
|Region III||CR(F-onwards), CS, CT, RA, RB, RC, RD, RE, RF, RG, RH, RJ|
|Region IV||VA, VB, VC, VD, VE(A-E)|
|Region V||EC, ED|
|Region VI||FE, FF, FG(A-M)|
|Region VII||GL, GM, GP, GR, GS, GT, YA, YB, YC, YD, YE, YF, YG, YH|
|Region VIII||HB, HC|
|Region IX/ARMM||JB, JC, JD|
|Region X/XIII||KC, KD, KE|
|Region XI||LD, LE, LF, LG, LH, LJ|
|Region XII||MB, MC, MD, ME|
- "2010 - Present"
|Region III||RK, RL, RM, RN|
|Region IV||VE(F-onwards), VF|
|Region VI||FG(N-onwards), FH, FJ|
|Region VII||YH, YJ, YK, YL, YM|
|Region VIII||HC, HD|
|Region IX/ARMM||JD, JE, JF|
|Region X/XIII||KE, KF, KG|
|Region XI||LJ, LK, LL, LM, LN|
|Region XII||ME, MF, MG|
Government Plate Numbers
|1980s||SA, SB, SC|
|1990s||SC, SD, SE, SF (A-D)|
|2000s||SF (F-onwards), SG, SH, SJ (A-E)|
|2010 - present||SJ (E-onwards), SK, SL|
Motorcycle plate numbers - MC(NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION)
- "1980's" - NA, NB, NC, ND, NE, NF, NG, NH, NJ, NK, NL, NM, NN, NP
- "early 1990s" - NR, NS, NT, NU, PA, PB, PC, PD, PE, PF, PG, PH, TA, TB, TC,
- "mid to late 1990s" - PJ, PK, PL, PM, PN, PP, PR, PS, PT, PU, RD, TE, TF, TG, TH, TJ, TK, TL, TM, TN, TP, TR, TS, TT, TU
- "2000 - 2005" - UA, UB, UC, UD, UE, OF, UG, UH, UI, UJ, UK, UL, UM, UN, UP, UQ, UR, US, UT, UU, WA, WB, WC, WD, WE, WF, WG, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WL, WM, WN, WO, XI, XO, XQ
- "2006" - ZA, ZB, ZC, ZD, ZE, ZF, ZG, ZH, ZJ, ZK, ZL, ZM, ZN, ZP, ZR, ZS, ZT
- Inverted plates (Provincial): DA, DB, DC, DD, DE, DF, as same a "C"
- Metro Manila : NA up to NH
- "2007" - Inverted motorcycle plates - NI to NU, DG TO DI
- "2008" - PA to PL, DJ to DR
- "2009" - PM to PU, DS to DU, WA to WC
- "2010" - TA to TU, UA to present, WD to present
- "1980's" - NV, NW, NX, NY, NZ, DV, DW, DX, DY, DZ, CV, CW, CX, CY, CZ
- "early 1990s" - PV, PW, TV, VV, VW, VX, VY, VZ
- "MID 1990s" - PX, TW, TY, TZ, VZ, VU
- "late 1990s" - PY, PZ, VT, VS, VR, VP, VN, VM, VL, VK
- "2000 - 2005" - XA, XB, XC, XD, XE, XF, XG, WP, WR, WS, UV, UW, UX, UY, UZ
- "2006" - WU, XH, XJ, XK, XL, XM, XN
- "2007" - WV, WW, XP, XR, XS, XT, XU
- "2008" - WX, WY, WZ, XV, XW, XX, XY, XZ
- "2009" - QA to QZ (including QI, QO, QQ & QU)
Inverted Motor Tricycle licensed plates(TC)
- "2010" - DV, CV, CW
- "2011" - DW, DX, CX, CY, CZ
- "2012" - DY, NV
- "2013" - NW
- "S" - Government
- "Q" - Public Utility Motorized Tricycles
- "O", "I" - Private Motorcycles
- "N", "P", "T", "U" - Public utility vehicles (they usually begin with these letters but not always). They always (since 1995- PVA 101) have "V", "W", "X", or "Y" in the middle of the letter block (LLL).
e.g. PWM 757
A motorist who would like to have personalized plates can have any letter combination he fancies upon three conditions:
- It is unique i.e., the plate does not have a registered duplicate anywhere else in the Philippines.
- The plate should not have the same format as government vehicles.
- The motorist can afford to pay its PHP 25,000 ($500+) price tag.
Optional motor vehicle special plates (OMVSP)
A project of the Land Transportation Office since 2004, these plates are in the form of LLL DD. e.g. FPJ-22
- Agcaoili, Lawrence (February 23, 2014). "New license plates out April – DOTC". The Philippine Star. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Optional Motor Vehicle Special Plates (OMVSP)
- http://www.worldlicenseplates.com/world/AS_PHIL.html License Plates of the World - Philippines
- http://plaque.free.fr/as/rp/ Pictures of Philippine license plates from Francoplaque