Veiveriai

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Veiveriai
Town
Veiveriai church
Veiveriai church
Coat of arms of Veiveriai
Coat of arms
Veiveriai is located in Lithuania
Veiveriai
Veiveriai
Location of Veiveriai
Coordinates: 54°45′50″N 23°43′30″E / 54.76389°N 23.72500°E / 54.76389; 23.72500Coordinates: 54°45′50″N 23°43′30″E / 54.76389°N 23.72500°E / 54.76389; 23.72500
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Suvalkija
County Kaunas County flag.png Kaunas County
Municipality Prienai district municipality
Eldership Veiveriai eldership
Capital of Veiveriai eldership
First mentioned 1744
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,100
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Veiveriai is a town in Lithuania. According to the 2001 census, its population was 1,100.[1] It is located about 18 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Kaunas on the road to Marijampolė.

History[edit]

Year Population[2]
1827 249
1897 921
1923 813
1959 693
1970 775
1979 859
1987 902

The town was first mentioned in written sources in 1744,[3] but began growing a century later when a large postal station was established on the KaunasSuwałki road, part of a longer BerlinSt. Petersburg route, in 1838–1839. Mail coaches would stop here to change horses and pick up passengers.[4] The office was closed after the postal route was superseded by the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway, built in 1859–1861.[4] During the Uprising of 1863, a battle occurred between local rebels (some 620 men) and Russians army on August 21, 1863. Poorly armed rebels were defeated and lost about 80 men before retreating.[3] After establishment of the teachers' seminary, Veiveriai grew as a center of education and culture. In the 1930s, during an economic crisis, the town was part of fierce protests against the government of Antanas Smetona. Two protesters were killed.[3] After World War II, Veiveriai supported armed anti-Soviet resistance. In 1989 Skausmo kalnelis (Hill of Sorrows) was created were bodies of killed resistance fighters were buried. The hill was incorporated into the town's coat of arms, adopted in 2004.[5]

Education[edit]

In 1866 Tsarist authorities established teachers' courses (in 1872 reorganized into the Veiveriai Teachers' Seminary) in the old post office building. The seminary trained teachers for elementary schools in the Suwałki Governorate and became and important center of the Lithuanian National Revival.[4] During World War I, the seminary was evacuated into Russia, but never returned. Its former building was used to establish a secondary school in 1919. The school was named after Tomas Žilinkas, who taught at the teachers' seminary for 37 years and encouraged his students to read banned Lithuanian books.[6] As of May 2008, the school had 458 students and 45 teachers.[7] In 1989 a music school was established in Veiveriai. In 1994 it was renamed after opera singer Antanas Kučingis and expanded to included non-musical specialties. The school has 120 students and 17 teachers.[8]

Religion[edit]

The first chapel in Veiveriai was built in the second half of the 18th century. In 1818 nobles of the Godlewski family built a wooden church, staffed by vicars from Zapyškis.[3] Since 1846 Veiveriai, as a center of a parish, had its own priests. In 1853 Józef Godlewski built a brick Neo-Renaissance church, named after Saint Louis. The church was reconstructed in 1930s when Mykolas Krupavičius, alumni of the teachers' seminary, briefly served in Veiveriai.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Lithuanian) Kauno apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai. Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2002. p. 91. ISBN 9986-589-85-1. 
  2. ^ (Lithuanian) Jonas Zinkus, et. al, ed. (1985–1988). "Veiveriai". Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija 4. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. p. 475. LCC 86232954. 
  3. ^ a b c d e (Lithuanian) Kviklys, Bronius (1964). Mūsų Lietuva III. Boston: Lietuvių enciklopedijos leidykla. pp. 258–261. OCLC 3303503. 
  4. ^ a b c Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–1978). "Veiveriai". Encyclopedia Lituanica VI. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 84–85. LCC 74-114275. 
  5. ^ (Lithuanian) "Veiverių seniūnija". Prienai district municipality. 2010-10-27. Archived from the original on 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ (Lithuanian) Dobkevičius, Kazimieras (2006-10-27). "Paminėta seniausia lietuviška mokytojų seminarija". XXI amžius 81 (1481). 
  7. ^ (Lithuanian) "Veiverių Tomo Žilinsko Gimnazijos 2008 metų ataskaita". Veiverių Tomo Žilinsko Gimnazija. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-03-11. 
  8. ^ (Lithuanian) "Mokyklos istorija". Veiverių Antano Kučingio meno mokykla. Archived from the original on 2011-02-13. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 

External links[edit]