Velar ejective

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Velar ejective
IPA number 109 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal) k​ʼ
Unicode (hex) U+006B U+02BC
X-SAMPA k_>
Kirshenbaum k`
Sound

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .

Features[edit]

Features of the velar ejective:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz акы [akʼə] 'one'
Adyghe шкӀэ [ʃkʲʼa] 'calf'
Archi кIан [kʼan] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] կեղծ [kʼɛʁt͡sʼ] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
English[2][3] Non-local Dublin[4] back [bakʼ] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgian აბა [kʼaba] 'dress'
Haida ttsanskkaagid [tsʼanskʼaːkit] 'beams'
Hausa ƙoƙari [kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī] 'effort'
Lezgian кIир [kʼir] 'fang'

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. ^ Wells & Colson (1971:3)
  3. ^ "Ejectives in English | Linguism | Linguistics, Pronunciation and Phonetics". 21 August 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Glossary". Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "John Wells's phonetic blog: ejectives in English". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Cruttenden (2008:167)
  7. ^ a b c Wells (1982:261)
  8. ^ Gimson (1970:34)
  9. ^ a b Gordeeva & Scobbie (2006)

Bibliography[edit]