Veles (city)

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Veles
Велес
Veles panoram.JPG
Official seal of Veles
Seal
Veles is located in Republic of Macedonia
Veles
Veles
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°43′12″N 21°47′36″E / 41.72000°N 21.79333°E / 41.72000; 21.79333Coordinates: 41°43′12″N 21°47′36″E / 41.72000°N 21.79333°E / 41.72000; 21.79333
Country Republic of Macedonia
Municipality Veles municipality
Population
 • Total 43,716
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 1400
Area code(s) +389 043
Car plates VE
Website www.Veles.gov.mk/

Veles (Macedonian: Велес [ˈvɛːlɛs] ( )) is a city in the center of the Republic of Macedonia on the Vardar river. The city of Veles is the seat of Veles Municipality.

Name[edit]

Vilazora was a Paeonian city from the period of early classic antiquity. The city's name was Vylosa in Ancient Greek. During Ottoman times Veles was a township (kaza) with the name Köprülü in the Üsküp sandjak. From 1877 to 1912 the sandjak was part of the Kosovo vilayet. It was named Köprülü after its founder Mehmed Köprülü, a Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.[1] From 1929 to 1941, Veles was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II, the city was known as Titov Veles after Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito, but the 'Titov' was removed in 1996.[2] Cars registered in Veles were identified by the code TV (Titov Veles), which was changed as late as 2000 to VE.

History[edit]

The National Museum in Veles

The area of present-day Veles has been inhabited for over a millennium. In antiquity, it was a Paionian city called Bylazora, and contained a substantial population of Thracians and possibly Illyrians. For short period it was a Bulgarian city in the First Bulgarian Empire and the Second Bulgarian Empire, later it was part of the Serbian Empire in the early 14th century and the town governor was Jovan Oliver during the time of Emperor Dusan, it was part of Konstantin Dragas realm in 1355-1395. Before the Balkan Wars, it was a township (kaza) with the name Köprülü in Uskub sandjak, vilayet, Ottoman empire.[1]

Some identify Veles with the Velitza of which Clement of Ohrid was bishop.[3][4] The Annuario Pontificio identifies Veles instead with the bishopric of Bela, a suffragan of Achrida, and lists it, as no longer a residential diocese, among titular sees.[5]

Features[edit]

Through Macedonia Veles is known as industrial center and recently, as a leader in the implementing of IT in the local administration in Macedonia.

Veles is a city of poetry, culture, history and tradition, as well as a town with plentiful and precious cultural heritage and centuries old churches.

Veles is a municipality of 55,000 people.[6]

Climate[edit]

Veles experiences steppa climate with cold winters and very hot summers. Daily averages range from 0.7 °C (33.3 °F) in January up to 24.6 °C (76.3 °F) in July. On 30 March 1952, in Veles the temperature was recorded at 36 °C (96.8 °F), due to hot southwestern wind.

Climate data for Veles(1982-2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
32.9
(91.2)
36.0
(96.8)
39.9
(103.8)
42.4
(108.3)
45.3
(113.5)
45.7
(114.3)
45.4
(113.7)
42.7
(108.9)
39.1
(102.4)
34.2
(93.6)
30.1
(86.2)
45.7
(114.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
10.3
(50.5)
15.3
(59.5)
18.9
(66)
24.6
(76.3)
28.9
(84)
31.6
(88.9)
31.3
(88.3)
28.6
(83.5)
20.1
(68.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.2
(50.4)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
3.3
(37.9)
8.9
(48)
12.7
(54.9)
19.7
(67.5)
23.1
(73.6)
24.6
(76.3)
24.4
(75.9)
22.1
(71.8)
14.6
(58.3)
8.3
(46.9)
3.1
(37.6)
13.79
(56.82)
Average low °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.9
(35.4)
5.8
(42.4)
12.3
(54.1)
16.6
(61.9)
17.9
(64.2)
17.7
(63.9)
14.7
(58.5)
7.3
(45.1)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F) −26.9
(−16.4)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
1.9
(35.4)
6.3
(43.3)
11.6
(52.9)
11.3
(52.3)
7.0
(44.6)
1.6
(34.9)
−9.7
(14.5)
−17.8
(0)
−26.9
(−16.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 42.2
(1.661)
49.9
(1.965)
54.4
(2.142)
60.5
(2.382)
62.4
(2.457)
53.3
(2.098)
40.1
(1.579)
38.1
(1.5)
47.4
(1.866)
62.3
(2.453)
70.2
(2.764)
54.4
(2.142)
635.2
(25.008)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6 8 10 13 15 10 6 5 9 13 18 11 124
 % humidity 70 75 80 84 89 71 54 51 66 84 99 85 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.9 129.6 166.9 203.4 265.1 309.4 333.8 331.2 284.1 220.9 164.5 109.3 2,619.1
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[7]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Veles (city) is twinned with:

Other forms of partnership:

  • Croatia Pula (Document of friendship and cultural cooperation in 2002)[8]

Media[edit]

Two TV stations and many radio stations operate in Veles,they are Channel 21 & Zdravkin.

Sport[edit]

Veles has a lot of sports teams, the most popular of which are:

People from Veles[edit]

References[edit]

The clocktower in Veles
St. Pantelejmon Church in Veles
  1. ^ a b Rahmi Tekin, Osmanli Atlasi, Istanbul 2003
  2. ^ Велес по осамостојувањето на Македонија Општина Велес
  3. ^ Angeliki Delikari, "Clement of Ochrid (Saint)." Religion Past and Present. Brill Online, 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013
  4. ^ Clemens van Ohrid
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 847
  6. ^ veles.gov.mk[dead link]
  7. ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981-2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  8. ^ "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian, Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 

External links[edit]