Veli Mehmed Pasha

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Veli Mehmed Pasha (died 1716), also known as Mehmed Veli Pasha or Wālī Pasha, was an Ottoman statesman who served as Kapudan Pasha (1706–1707) and the Ottoman governor of Bosnia Eyalet (1707) and Egypt Eyalet (1711–1714, with a small break in 1712).[1][2][3]

When he was governor of Egypt in 1711, a Turkish preacher arrived in Cairo and began to denounce the local Egyptian practice of praying at the graves of Sufi saints, claiming that this was against Islam and that "the miracles of the saints end at the grave."[4] An established local ulama (religious scholar) declared a fatwa against the Turkish preacher, dismissing his claims.[4] However, the preacher had stirred the local populace, and the people threatened an insurrection against Veli Mehmed Pasha's government and violence against the local Sufi masters.[4] When the supporters of the preacher sent a representative to voice their demands to Veli Mehmed, he offered to accept them, but when they left, he informed the Mamluk emirs that the crowd had "behaved disrespectfully," intended to create an insurrection, and had insulted him and his kadı (judge).[5] He also told the emirs that he had decided to leave the city for fear for their lives. The emirs were disturbed at this news and gathered their troops and sanjak-beys, deciding to arrest the leaders of the crowd and banish the Turkish preacher from Cairo.[6] When the emirs' men found those responsible, they punished them with beatings and exile, quelling the insurrection.[6] Veli Mehmed Pasha was dismissed from the governorship of Egypt in 1714.

Veli Mehmed Pasha was executed on the orders of sultan Ahmed III in June or July 1716.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mehmet Süreyya (1996) [1890], Nuri Akbayar; Seyit A. Kahraman, eds., Sicill-i Osmanî (in Turkish), Beşiktaş, Istanbul: Türkiye Kültür Bakanlığı and Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, p. 1659 
  2. ^ Yılmaz Öztuna (1994). Büyük Osmanlı Tarihi: Osmanlı Devleti'nin siyasî, medenî, kültür, teşkilât ve san'at tarihi (in Turkish) 10. Ötüken Neşriyat A.S. pp. 412–416. ISBN 975-437-141-5. 
  3. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 77. 
  4. ^ a b c 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 79. 
  5. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. pp. 80–81. 
  6. ^ a b 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 81. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Köse Halil Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1711–1712
Succeeded by
Kara Mehmed Pasha
Preceded by
Kara Mehmed Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1712–1714
Succeeded by
Abdi Pasha