|Nickname(s): Fort city|
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
|Talukas||Vellore, Katpadi, Vaniyambadi, Ambur, Arakkonam, Arcot, Gudiyatham, Tirupattur and Walajah|
|• Collector & District Magistrate||R Nanthagopal IAS|
|• Total||6,077 km2 (2,346 sq mi)|
|• Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||631xxx,632xxx,635601 to 635958|
|Coastline||0 kilometres (0 mi)|
|Sex ratio||M-50.06%/F-49.94% ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Vellore, Arakkonam and Thiruvannamalai|
|Precipitation||917 millimetres (36.1 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||39.5 °C (103.1 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||15.6 °C (60.1 °F)|
Vellore district is one of the 32 districts in the Tamil Nadu state of India. Vellore City is the headquarters of this district. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,936,331 with a sex-ratio of 1,007 females for every 1,000 males.
Vellore had been under the control of Cholas of Uraiyur, Pallavas, Rashtrakutas of Malkhed, Sambuvarayar,who lived in the territory of Melakadambur which denoted in Ponniyin selvan the rulers of Vijayanagaram, Marathas, the Nawabs of the Carnatic and the British. The Vellore fort, which was probably built during the rule of Chinna Bommi Nayak (1526 to 1595 A.D.), was considered to be a strong fort during the Carnatic war in the 17th Century. The district finds an important place in the Indian freedom struggle. The Sepoy Mutiny of 1806 that took place inside the Vellore fort was seen as a prelude to the Revolt of 1857.
After the Indian independence in 1947, Vellore became a part of the erstwhile Madras state. The modern Vellore District was formerly part of North Arcot District, which was established by the British in the 19th century. On 30 September 1989 the district was split into Tiruvannamalai-Sambuvarayar (present-day Tiruvannamalai) and North Arcot Ambedkar districts. North Arcot Ambedkar District was later renamed Vellore District in 1996.
Geography and climate
Vellore district has an area of 6077 km². Vellore district lies between 12° 15’ to 13° 15’ North latitudes and 78° 20’ to 79° 50’ East longitudes in Tamil Nadu State. The district is bound on the northeast by Tiruvallur District, on the southeast by Kanchipuram District, on the south by Tiruvannamalai District, on the southwest by Krishnagiri District, and on the northwest and north by Andhra Pradesh state. Major towns in the district include Ambur, Arakkonam, Arcot, Jolarpet, Gudiyattam, Melvisharam, Ranipet, Sholinghur, Tiruppattur, Vaniyambadi, Vellore, and Walajapet. Kaveripakkam is a panchayat town in Vellore with the second largest lake in Tamil Nadu. The average maximum temperature experienced in the plains is 39.5 degree Celsius and the average minimum temperature experienced is 15.6 degree Celsius. The region experiences an average annual rainfall of 795 mm, out of which North East Monsoon contributes to 535 mm and the South West Monsoon contributed to 442 mm.
According to 2011 census, Vellore district had a population of 3,936,331 with a sex-ratio of 1,007 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 432,550 were under the age of six, constituting 222,460 males and 210,090 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 21.85% and 1.85% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 70.47%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district had a total of 929,281 households. There were a total of 1,689,330 workers, comprising 153,211 cultivators, 254,999 main agricultural labourers, 106,906 in house hold industries, 845,069 other workers, 329,145 marginal workers, 21,897 marginal cultivators, 136,956 marginal agricultural labourers, 29,509 marginal workers in household industries and 140,783 other marginal workers.
Administration and politics
Vellore is one of the 32 districts of Tamil Nadu and is administered by the Vellore District Collectorate. The present collector of Vellore district Dr R Nandhagopal. The police force of the district is headed by the superintendent of police Ms. A.Kayalvizhi IPS. The police force present in the district has a strength of 1,733 personnel, of which the local police comprise 1,162 personnel and the armed reserve police comprise 534 personnel.
Vellore district has 12 State Legislature constituencies and comes under 3 Lok Sabha Constituencies. The table at left lists the State assembly constituencies in the state and the 2006 Tamil Nadu State Assembly Election results. The three Lok Sabha constituencies under which the district falls are Vellore, Arakkonam and Thiruvannamalai. The elected representatives (Member of Assembly) from these constituencies are Dr. V.S. Vijay (AIADMK) from Vellore, S. Ravi (AIADMK) from Arakkonam and E.V. Velu (DMK) from Thiruvannamalai.
Two National Highways - NH 4 (Mumbai - Chennai) and NH 46 (Krishnagiri - Ranipet) connect parts of the district to other parts of the country. NH 46 passes through Vaniyambadi, Ambur, Vellore and Arcot before joining NH 4 at Ranipet. Both these highways are important connecting roads for vehicles especially travelling to Chennai from Bangalore and Coimbatore. Both these highways run for a length of 226 km (140 mi) in the district. Other important roadways present are State Highways of 629 km (391 mi) and district roads of 1,947 km (1,210 mi). Railway network in Vellore comes under the Southern Railways, with Vellore(Katpadi), Arakkonam and Jolarpettai forming the major railway junctions in the district. There are a total of 28 railway stations and a total of 152 km (94 mi) of rail tracks. There is a domestic airport which is not in use, but the nearest international / domestic airport at Chennai.
The district is primarily agrarian with majority of its population involved in agriculture. The chief food grains cultivated are Paddy, Cholam, Ragi and Redgram. Vellore is also one of the top producers of Sugarcane and Cocunut in the state. Oil seeds that are cultivated are Groundnut, Coconut, Sunflower and Gingelly.
BHEL - BAP, Ranipet factory (Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd - Boiler Auxiliaries Plant) is a major heavy engineering unit of Tamil Nadu. There are three industrial estates, namely SIDCO at Katpadi, SIPCOT at Ranipet and SIDCO at Arakkonam. Leather based industry is the main industry in this district. Ambur, Vaniyambadi, Pernambut and Ranipet are the main towns involved in the leather business. Asia's biggest explosives manufacturing company, Tamil Nadu Explosives Limited (TEL), is in Vellore at Katpadi. This is India's only government explosives company with more than a thousand employees. The company is headed by a senior Indian Administrative Service officer. Mr. Ravi Pratap Sinha (recruited from an explosives multinational corporation) served as the first GM (recruited from MNC)of this factory. TEL reached to its highest production level during his leadership.
Educational and healthcare
A total of 162 Higher Secondary Schools, 167 High Schools, 444 Middle Schools, 1678 Primary Schools and 324 Primary Schools. Vellore has two universities in. There are a total of 4 Medical Colleges, 11 engineering colleges, 21 Arts and Science colleges, 1 Agricultural college and 1 Nursing college, apart from 39 teacher training institutes. The most prominent colleges are Vellore Institute of Technology, ranked as one of the best private engineering colleges in India, and Voorhees college, Vellore, C. Abdul Hakeem College (Arts and Science), C. Abdul Hakeem College of Engineering & Technology, Melvisharam, Islamiah College for Mens and Islamiah College for Women, Vaniyambadi, Marudhar Kesari Jain College for Women, Vaniyambadi and Sacred Heart College, Tirupattur and Ranipettai Engineering college in walaja. Doctor siluvaisithar ayurveda & herbal research center Pallikonda.The Christian Medical College present in Vellore is Second best medical college of India. It is also one of the largest private hospitals in the state and is much sought after facility from all across India. The district has a total of 13 hospitals and 67 primary health centres.
The Vellore Fort is the primary tourist attraction in the district headquarters Vellore. Vellore Fort is the most prominent landmark. During British rule, Tipu Sultan's family and the last king of Sri Lanka, Vikrama Rajasinha, were held as royal prisoners in the fort. The fort houses a church, a mosque and a Hindu temple, the latter known for its carvings. The first rebellion against British rule erupted at this fort in 1806, and it witnessed the massacre of the Vijayanagara royal family of Emperor Sriranga Raya.
The golden temple of Sripuram (Tamil: ஸ்ரீபுரம்) is a spiritual park situated at the foot of a small range of green hills in a place known as "Malaikodi". The temple is at the southern end of the city of Vellore, at Tirumalaikodi. The temple with gold covering, has intricate work done by artisans specializing in temple art using gold. The Jalagandeeswarar Temple inside the Vellore fort dedicated to Jalagandeeswar, is noted for its sculptures, and speaks volumes of the exquisite craftsmanship of the highly skilled artisans of that period. Other famous temples are Ratnagiri Murugan Temple, Wallajapet Dhanvantri Temple, Sri Veera Vijaya Anjaneya Swami temple at D.P Palayam and Ponnai Navagraha Kottai Temple.
Assumption Cathedral and the 150-year-old St. John's Church inside the fort are among the churches in Vellore. The Big Mosque, in the heart of the city, houses the largest Arabic college in India.
Yelagiri is a hill station situated off the Vaniyambadi-Tirupattur road. Located at an altitude of 1,410.6 metres above Mean Sea Level and spread across 30 km2. The hill station is much unspoiled and retains its laid-back atmosphere, unlike many other hill stations of India. Near Yelagiri is a seasonal waterfall named Jallagamparai, which receives water during the rainy season.
Amirthi Forest & Zoological Park is situated under the javadu hills of tellai across amirthi river which is 25 km from Vellore. The area of the park is 25 hectares.
Jalakandeswari Temple at Vellore Fort
40-inch telescope at Vainu Bappu Observatory
Lake View at Yelagiri hill station
- "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Vellore district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "All India Institute of Medical Sciences Best Medicine Colleges 2013 India Today Survey". India Today. Retrieved 2013.
- "Vellore sepoys rebelled". The Hindu. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Golden Temple at Vellore". The Hindu. August 2007.
- "Miles to go for Yelagiri Hills as a tourist spot". The Hindu. May 25, 2008. Retrieved 07-04-2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vellore district.|
||Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh||Thiruvallur district|
|Krishnagiri district||Tiruvannamalai district|