Velvet spider

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Velvet spiders
Eresus fg03.jpg
male Eresus kollari
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Eresoidea
Family: Eresidae
C. L. Koch, 1851
Genera

see text

Diversity
10 genera, 102 species
Distribution.eresidae.1.png

The velvet spiders (family Eresidae) are a small group (about 100 species in 10 genera) of almost totally Old World spiders (exception: a few species are known from Brazil). The characteristics of this family of spiders are that they are entelegyne (have a genital plate in the female), eight-eyed araneomorph spiders that build unkempt webs. With the exception of Wajane, they are cribellate (use wooly silk). Some species are nearly eusocial[citation needed], lacking only a specialized caste system and a queen. They cooperate in brood rearing, unlike almost most other spiders except for some African agelenid spiders in the genus Agelena and a few others.

Wayane was grouped together with Penestomus as the subfamily Penestominae, but Penestomus was elevated to its own family, Penestomidae, in 2010. Wayane was synonymized with Penestomus.

Genera[edit]

The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lehtinen, P.T. (1967): Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 4: 199-468.
  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. (1989): The African species of the subfamily Penestominae (Araneae: Eresidae): with description of two new species. Phytophylactica 21: 131-134.

External links[edit]