Velyki perehony

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Великі перегони
Velyki perehony
Velyki perehony title card.jpg
Format Reality
Game show
Created by Elise Donganieri and Bertram van Munster
Presented by Alexander Sidorenko
Theme music composer John M. Keane
Country of origin Ukraine
Original language(s) Ukrainian, Russian
No. of seasons 1
Production
Producer(s) Victoria Zabulonskaya
Marek Nowowiejski
Location(s) See below
Production company(s) Sister's Production
activeTV
Broadcast
Original channel 1+1
Original run 13 April 2013 (2013-04-13) – present
Chronology
Related shows See The Amazing Race -> International Versions

Velyki perehony (Ukrainian: Великі перегони; English: Great Race) is a Ukrainian reality game show based on the American series, The Amazing Race.[1] and airs on 1+1. It features ten teams of two in a race around the world.[2]

The show premiered on 13 April 2013 at 20:00 EEST.[3] The prize for winning the show is 500,000.

The finale aired on 29 June with Beauty Queens from Lviv Valeria Nikiforets & Bohdana Primak winning the race. A special "Life after the race" episode aired on 6 July.

A second season is currently being cast.[4]

Production[edit]

Development and filming[edit]

Sofia Square served as the starting and finish line of Velyki perehony

It was announced on 23 July 2012 that Ukrainian television network, 1+1 had acquired the rights to make a version of the show.[5] On 23 November 2012, it was revealed that Ukrainian hip-hop singer Olexander "Fozzy" Sydorenko (Ukrainian) would host the show.[6]

The show began filming on 25 November [6] and lasted for 4 weeks.

The show is produced by Sister's Production (Сістерз Продакшн), in association with ABC Studios. The first teaser for the show was released on 16 January [7]

Production arrived in the Philippines only a few days before the region was struck by Typhoon Bopha.[Note 1] The fifth episode makes many remarks about the coming storm, and heavy rainclouds, wind and thunder can be seen while the teams are racing.

Cast[edit]

Casting for the show was announced on the website of 1+1 on 23 July 2012.[8] Ten teams of two make up the cast. The cast includes a father and son team, Constantine and Jacob Potomkiv. A father and daughter team, Vladimir and Irina Vasilenko; While Vladimir, 72, is the oldest contestant in Amazing Race franchise history. Other racers including beauty queens, athletes, actors and physicians, etc.[9]

During the eleventh leg, Alexey proposed to Olena at the Pit Stop.

Marketing[edit]

The series' two sponsors are Carlsberg and Fa.

Results[edit]

The following teams participated in the race, with their relationships at the time of filming. Placements are listed in finishing order:

Team Relationship Position (by leg) Roadblocks performed
1 2 3 45 5 67 7 8 9 10 11 12
Valeria & Bohdana Beauty Queens 2nd 4th 1st 3rd 5th6 3rd 2nd 1st9 1st 1st 1st 1st Valeria 6, Bohdana 7
Alexey & Olena Common-Law Married 9th1 7th2 7th 2nd 7th6 2nd 3rd 4th 2nd 3rd 3rd12 2nd Alexey 9, Olena 4
Constantine & Jacob Father/Son 8th1 5th 4th 1st 2nd 1st 4th 2nd 3rd 2nd 2nd 3rd Constantine 6, Jacob 7
Alexander & Vladimir Physicians 7th 9th3 6th4 6th 1st 5th 5th 5th 4th10 4th Alexander 6, Vladimir 5
Ihor & Vasil Friends/Athletes 1st 2nd 2nd 4th 6th6 4th 1st 3rd 5th11 Ihor 5, Vasil 5
Natalia & Tatiana Friends 6th 6th 5th 5th 4th 6th 6th8 Natalia 5, Tatiana 3
Andrey & Irina Dating 5th 1st 3rd 7th 3rd 7th Andrey 4, Irina 3
Anna & Roman Married Actors 4th 3rd 8th 8th Anna 1, Roman 3
Alla & Alexandra Mother/Daughter 3rd 8th 9th Alla 2, Alexandra 1
Vladimir & Irina Father/Daughter 10th1 Vladimir 1, Irina 0
  • A red team placement indicates that the team was eliminated.
  • A blue team placement indicates that the team came in last on a non-elimination leg of the race.
    • An underlined blue placement indicates that the team would receive a 30 minute (Leg 2) or 1-hour (Leg 8) penalty upon finishing the next leg.
    • An italicized blue placement indicates that the team had to perform an extra task on the next leg.
  • An underlined leg number indicates that there was no mandatory rest period at the Pit Stop and all teams were ordered to continue racing.
  1. ^a b c Constantine & Jacob and Vladimir & Irina and Alexey & Olena arrived 8th, 9th and 10th respectively. However, they were issued penalties (Constantine & Jacob and Alexey & Olena, 60 minutes because they were unable to complete the Roadblock due to dusk; Vladimir & Irina, 4 hours for quitting the Roadblock). Constantine & Jacob's placement was not affected. Since Vladimir & Irina had a longer time penalty, Alexey and Olena were allowed to check in immediately for a 9th place finish. Vladimir & Irina were checked in at last place, resulting in their elimination.
  2. ^ Alexey & Olena initially arrived third, but were issued a four-hour penalty because Alexey failed to complete the Roadblock. Four teams checked in during their penalty time, dropping them to 7th.
  3. ^ Alexander & Vladimir initially arrived eighth, but they did not pay their taxi driver. They were required to settle the bill before being allowed to check in. During this time, Alla & Alexandra, the only trailing team at that point, checked in at 8th place. Dropping them to last place, but they were spared elimination since it was a non-elimination leg.
  4. ^ Alexander & Vladimir initially arrived fourth, but received a 30 minute penalty for being last in the previous non-elimination leg. Two teams checked in during their penalty time, dropping them to 6th.
  5. ^ Only Jacob and Roman completed the Roadblock on the fourth leg. The rest were applied 4 hour penalties at the site of the Roadblock.
  6. ^a b c Valeria & Bohdana, Ihor & Vasil, and Olena & Alexey initially arrived 1st, 2nd and 3rd. But were applied 1 hour penalties for they rented a jeepney to themselves. According to race rules, once teams rent public transportation (i.e. Jeepneys) for themselves, it is considered private transportation which they are prohibited from using. During this time, four teams checked in, dropping them to 5th, 6th and 7th, respectively, but Fozzy gave them their clues in order to start the new leg.
  7. ^ Leg 6 featured two Roadblocks and no Detour. The team member who sat out the first Roadblock was required to perform the second one.
  8. ^ Tatiana failed to complete the Roadblock in Leg 7 and it was too difficult to complete and she and Natalia received a 4-hour penalty. Since they were the last team to arrive, they resulted in their elimination.
  9. ^ Valeria & Bohdana asked a local to guide them to the air strip in Leg 8, and were applied a one hour penalty. According to race rules, teams can consist of no more than two people, and cannot hire locals to join their team, even if temporarily. This did not affect their placement.
  10. ^ Alexander & Vladimir initially arrived 1st, but received a 1-hour penalty for arriving last on the previous non-elimination leg. Three teams checked in during their penalty time, they dropped to 4th.
  11. ^ Ihor failed to complete the Roadblock in Leg 9. After Ihor's third attempt in the roadblock and all other teams had checked in, Fozzy came out to the roadblock location and eliminated them.
  12. ^ Alexey & Olena initially arrived 2nd, but they asked two different locals to help guide them as they drove during leg 11. They dropped to third, but were not eliminated.

Prizes[edit]

Individual prizes were awarded to the first team to complete certain legs.

  • Leg 5 – A case of Carlsberg beer
  • Leg 8 – A case of Carlsberg beer
  • Leg 10 – A case of Carlsberg beer
  • Leg 12 – ₴500,000

Race summary[edit]

Route map
Destinations Legenda lotnisko.svg Air travel   Legenda kolej.svg Rail travel   Legenda prom.svg Water travel   Bus-logo.svg Bus travel
Route Markers Detour icon.svg Завдання на вибір (Detour)   Roadblock icon.svg Завдання для одного (Roadblock)   TAR-pitstop-icon.png Фініш (Pit Stop)

Leg 1 (Ukraine → United Arab Emirates)[edit]

In the first leg of the race, teams had to have their photograph taken with a local wearing traditional Arab garments to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev.

Air date: 13 April 2013

In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Скло (Sklo – Glass) or Золото (Zoloto – Gold). In Sklo, teams had to assemble ten hookahs. In Zoloto, teams had to arrange five pieces of jewellery according to its cost. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to drive a dune buggy through a marked course in the desert.

Additional tasks
  • At the starting line, teams had to search among pictures of different coat of arms of different countries for the one they would be visiting, the United Arab Emirates.
  • Before proceeding to Yousuf Abdul Rahman Al Awazi Trading Co. at the Gold Souk, teams had to have their photograph taken with someone wearing the traditional Arab garments. If their photographs were satisfactory, they would be given a stamp for a postcard they would have to choose from. After placing the postcard in a post box for Kiev, the shopkeeper would give them their next clue.
  • At the Leap of Faith located in the Aquaventure, teams had to slide down the water slide which dropped them six stories down a nearly 90° incline and through a tunnel beneath the aquarium's shark lagoon. At the bottom, teams would receive their next clue from the lifeguard.

Leg 2 (United Arab Emirates → Sri Lanka)[edit]

In the second leg of the race, teams had to have their photograph taken with a blue tuk tuk in order to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev.

Air date: 20 April 2013

In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Гостро (Hostro – Hot) and Брудно (Brudno – Dirty). In Hostro, teams had to carry 50 kg of spicy peppers through a market and then mash the peppers into a sauce to get their next clue. In Brudno, teams had to wash a bag full of dirty laundry, and then hang it on a clothesline to get their next clue. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to spin a large wheel with pictures of various masks on it. The wheel would stop at one of the mask pictures. The team member would have to remember what the mask looked like and find the actual mask within the festival crowd.

Additional tasks
  • At the Gangaramaya Temple, teams needed to find a needle in haystack. After finding it, teams needed to use it to sew an emblem onto traditional Buddhist clothes.
  • Before proceeding to the post office, teams needed to have their photograph taken with a blue tuk tuk while wearing the Buddhist clothes from the previous task. They can then trade this photo for a postcard, which they would have to mail to Kiev.
  • At Donegal House, teams had to retrieve their next clue from the bottom of a basket of cobras.

Leg 3 (Sri Lanka)[edit]

The Pit Stop for this leg of the race was at the Mount Lavinia Hotel's beach.

Air date: 27 April 2013

In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to prepare and sell 20 coconuts. They had to make at least 500 Sri Lankan rupees in order to receive their next clue. In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Вода (Voda – Water) or Коржіки (Korzhiky – Cakes). In Voda, teams had to wash the traditional markings off an elephant. There were only five elephants available, first come, first served. In Korzhiky, teams had to make 150 manure cakes using only their bare hands. After putting these cakes on a wall, they would receive their next clue.

Additional Task
  • At the Mahazime Chicken Shop, teams had to pick up two chickens in cages and carry them for the rest of the leg.
  • After the Detour, teams would be given a yellow shirt with the show's logo on it. Teams needed to have their photograph taken with a local wearing this shirt and with the chickens they had brought with them before proceeding to the post office. If their photograph was satisfactory, they could exchange it for a postcard which they would need to mail to Kiev.
  • At Gangula Devalaya, one team member had to perform one of two tasks. They would either run across a bed of hot coals in their bare feet, or lie on a bed of nails for three minutes. After they completed one task, they would then find out that the other team member would have to perform the remaining task. This task was incorrectly presented as a Roadblock.

Leg 4 (Sri Lanka → Singapore)[edit]

In Singapore, teams had to have their photograph taken with the Marina Bay Sands in the background to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev.

Air date: 4 May 2013

In this leg's Detour teams had to choose between Політ (Polit – Flight) or Похід (Pokhid – Walk). In Polit, teams had to ride the G-MAX Reverse Bungy. While riding, teams needed to spot an umbrella lit with the race colours. Once they locate the umbrella at a stall, they could get their next clue from the shopkeeper. In Pokhid, teams needed to go to the 226-metre (741 ft) Swissôtel The Stamford hotel and climb all 73 floors to the top to get their next clue. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member needed to rock climb to get their next clue.

Additional tasks
  • At Bugis Junction, teams had to retrieve their next clue from a clue box surrounded by a dancing fountain.
  • At Sentosa, teams rode the MegaZip, a 450-metre (1,480 ft) long zip-line. After getting off the MegaZip, teams received their next clue.
  • Before proceeding to the postcard stall in Raffles Place, teams had to have their photograph taken with the Marina Bay Sands in the background. If their photograph was satisfactory, they could choose a Postcard from the stall. After having it stamped, they could proceeded to mail the postcard to Kiev in a nearby post box for their next clue. After mailing it, a postman would give them their next clue.
  • After, teams had to search for their next clue. What they needed to find out was that their next clue was printed on the flyers being distributed by locals in the vicinity. The clue on the flyer pointed them to the Pit Stop, the bridge in the Chinese Garden.

Leg 5 (Singapore → Philippines)[edit]

In this leg's Roadblock, one member of each team had to eat six baluts.

Air date: 11 May 2013

  • Flight: Singapore (Singapore Changi Airport) to Puerto Princesa, Philippines Philippines (Puerto Princesa International Airport)
  • Puerto Princesa (Malvar Street)
  • >Roadblock (Is this adventure worth a damn? Task is not for the timid)< Puerto Princesa (Puerto Princesa Public Market)
  • Puerto Princesa (Baywalk – Postcard Peddler)
  • Boat: >Detour (Plyashki or Rybki)< Puerto Princesa (Sta. Lourdes Wharf) to Honda Bay (Starfish Island or Luli Island)
  • Puerto Princesa (San Jose Jeepney Terminal) to (Sabang Beach) >Pit Stop (Leg 5)<

In this leg's Roadblock, one team member needed to eat six fertilised duck embryos, a local delicacy known as balut. Once the team member finishes all six eggs, they will get their next clue. In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Пляшкі (Plyashki – Bottles) or Рибкі (Rybki – Fish). In Plyashki, teams had to search among thousands of bottles scattered around the island for the bottle containing the message with their next destination written on it. In Rybki, teams had to count the number of fishes inside a basket given to them. Once they have successfully counted the number of fishes amidst the distractions of the vendors, they will receive their next clue.

Additional tasks
  • At Malvar Street, teams were instructed to find Delores. What they needed to figure out was that "Delores" was the name of a tricycle roving the street with "DELORES" painted on the front. Once they have figured this out, they may get their next clue from the driver.
  • Before proceeding to the Baywalk, teams had to take have their photograph taken with at least one team member and twenty locals. At least four of these locals should be wearing hats, one had to be holding flowers, one had to be holding a large soft toy, and at least one had to be holding a broom. If their photograph was satisfactory, they could choose a postcard from a peddler. Once they affix the stamp and have it mailed to Kiev in a nearby post box, a postman would give them their next clue.

Leg 6 (Philippines)[edit]

In this leg of the race, teams visited Puerto Princesa Subterranean River in Palawan.

Air date: 18 May 2013

  • Puerto Princesa (Sabang Beach) (Overnight Rest)
  • Puerto Princesa (Puerto Princesa Subterranean River)
  • >Roadblock ({{{2}}})< Puerto Princesa (Sabang X Zip-line)
  • >Roadblock ({{{2}}})< Puerto Princesa (Sabang Beach)
  • Puerto Princesa (Karst Mountain – Elephant Cave) >Pit Stop (Leg 6)<

In this leg's first Roadblock, one team member must ride an 800-metre (0.50 mi) long zip line and will need to memorize the pattern of four sets of different colours ("green, red, yellow"; "blue, yellow, green"; "red, blue, green"; "yellow, blue, red") being held by fishermen on 4 different boats. Once ashore, that team member had to reconstruct the patterns using coloured rectangular boards in order to receive their next clue. In the leg's second Roadblock, one team member had to search through a pile of coconuts, opening them up with a knife until they found one with a red flesh inside.

Additional tasks
  • Teams needed to assemble the tents they would be sleeping in for the night. If their tents were satisfactory a local would give them their departure time for the next morning.
  • At the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River, teams had to enter the river and search for the date of the first visit of Lt. H.G. Warwick to the Subterranean River (18 March 1937). When they see it, teams must photograph it and present it to a boat master in exchange for their next clue.

Leg 7 (Philippines → South Africa)[edit]

In this leg's roadblock, one team member had to bungee jump from the 216-metre (709 ft) high Bloukrans Bridge.

Air date: 25 May 2013

In this leg's Detour teams had to choose between Палиця (Palytsya – Stick) or Яйце (Yaytse – Egg). In Palytsya, from a distance, teams would have to throw a traditional South African club called a knobkierie at three vases suspended in the air. Once all three vases were shattered, teams would receive their next clue. In Yaytse, teams had to use a straw to fill 12 Ostrich eggs with water and then bury them in the sand. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to jump off the highest bungee jump in the world at Bloukrans Bridge.

Additional tasks
  • At Seaview Predator Park, teams would have to hand-feed a lion or a tiger with a bottle to get their next clue.
  • At the Khoisan Village, teams had to eat a roasted sheep's head known locally as a "Smiley" to get their next clue.
  • At Garden Route, teams had to find a local park ranger and take a photograph with him. They could then exchange this picture with a local postcard vendor to get a postcard that they would mail to Kiev.

Leg 8 (South Africa)[edit]

In this leg of the race teams needed to photograph the Cape of Good Hope to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev,

Air date: 1 June 2013

In the Roadblock, one team member had to perform a tandem skydive at a height of 9,000 feet (2,700 m). In this Detour, teams needed to choose between блиск (Blysk – Shine) or Смак (Smak – Taste). In Blysk, teams had to search through a museum, housing hundreds of diamonds, for the first diamond ever discovered in South Africa, named Light Hearts. In Smak, teams had to cook a traditional South African delicacy, a samosa.

Additional tasks
  • At the top of Table Mountain, teams needed to photograph the Cape of Good Hope. If their photograph was satisfactory, they could chose a postcard and after placing the postcard in a post box for Kiev, a postman would give them their next clue.
  • At the Rietvlei Wetland Reserve, teams would have to help the SANCCOB organization and prepare a meal (with 20 ingredients) for a penguin.
  • At the Omega Hair Salon, teams needed to shave the heads of two locals to get their next clue.
  • At St Georges Mall, teams had to search for a troupe of African dancers to get their next clue.

Leg 9 (South Africa → The Netherlands)[edit]

In the ninth leg of the race, teams had to have their photograph taken with the De Gooyer windmill in the background to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev.

Air date: 8 June 2013

In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Сир (Syr – Cheese) or Шарманка (Sharmanka – Hand Organ). In Syr, teams had to don traditional Dutch outfits and use a wooden stretcher to carry cheese from a stockpile to a scale. Once it weighed exactly 400 kilograms of cheese, they receive their next clue. Only one team could use the scale at a time and the first team to place a piece of cheese on the scale would get to use it. In Sharmanka, teams had to find one of three street organs, and then one team member had to run the machine while the other asked for tips. Once they earned €30, the organ grinder would give them their next clue. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to eat five soused herrings that were hanging from a string, while being blindfolded and without using their hands.

Additional tasks
  • At Melkmeisjesbrug, teams had to search among hundreds of bikes for one with a clue attached. They would use these bikes to transport themselves to their next destination.
  • From Magere Brug, teams had to travel by boat along the Amsterdam canals to reach their Detour choice.
  • Before proceeding to the Marken Post Office, teams had to have their photograph taken with two locals at Brouwerij 't IJ. The De Gooyer windmill had to have its entirety in the background. If their photograph they was satisfactory, they would receive a postcard to send to Kiev.
  • After the Roadblock, teams had to ride a tandem bike to the Pit Stop.

Leg 10 (The Netherlands → Poland)[edit]

In the tenth leg of the race teams had to photograph the Remuh Synagogue to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev.

Air date: 15 June 2013

In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to complete a jigsaw puzzle of a man on a horse, one they have finished it, they would be given their next clue.In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Проїхатися (Proïkhatysya – Ride) or Пройтися (Proy̆tysya – Walk). In Ride, one team member had to be in the driver's seat of an old Polski Fiat car with a local in the other seat. The other team member had to push the car around the Main Square and was not allowed help from locals. After they are successful, they would be given their next clue. In Walk, teams had to count and add up the number of stairs in the Town Hall Tower and one of the towers in St. Mary's Basilica. They were not however required to give the exact number of stairs, 352, and could give any number between 350-354. If they get any number between that, they would be given their next clue.

Additional tasks
  • Before proceeding to the Hotel Klezmer-Hois, teams had to have their photograph taken at the gates of the Remuh Synagogue. If their photograph was satisfactory, they would be given a stamp and a postcard. After affixing the stamp onto the postcard and mailing it to Kiev in a post box outside, a postman would give them their next clue.
  • At the Main Square, teams had to correctly recite a Polish toungue-twister, Chrząszcz brzmi w trzcinie w Szczebrzeszynie , to a man on a horse (as in the jigsaw puzzle of the Roadblock). If they correctly recite it, he would give them their next clue.
  • At the banks of the Vistula river, teams had to recreate a story in Polish mythology about the Wawel Dragon. As in the story, teams had to stuff a lamb with sulphur. One team member would have to retrieve the sulphur on the other side of the river with a bucket and bring it to their team member with the lamb soft toy. After stuffing and sewing the lamb closed, teams had to have it weighed on a scale near a statue of the Wawel Dragon. If their stuffed lamb balances with another lamb on the other scale, they would receive their next clue.

Leg 11 (Poland)[edit]

In the eleventh leg of the race, teams had to have their photograph taken with a Saint Florian monument in Myślenice in order to obtain a postcard to send to Kiev.

Air date: 22 June 2013

In this leg's Detour, teams had to choose between Король (Korol – King) or Монах (Monakh – Monk). In Korol, teams had to travel to the Wieliczka Salt Mine and descend down the mines where they would need to push a minecart down a track and into a cavern. There, they would have to dig through the contents of the minecart to find a crystal key that they could use to open a locked compartment which contains their next clue. After that, they were then instructed to find St Kinga's Chapel inside the mine. In Monakh, teams had to proceed to the Tyniec Benedictine Abbey where they would need to abseil down the cliffs to reach a cave with baskets of food. They would need to transport two baskets back up to the abbey and present it to a monk who will give them their next clue. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member would need to shoot a bow and arrow at a target. They either had to hit the target five times, or hit the apple held in the centre of the target, once, to receive their next clue.

Additional tasks
  • Teams' first clue directed them to find the oldest street in Kraków. They need to find out that this street was Kanonicza Street.
  • Before proceeding to the kiosk in Market Square, teams would have to have their photograph taken with the Saint Florian monument. If their photographs were satisfactory, they would be given a postcard to mail to Kiev. After placing the postcard in a nearby post box, a postman would give them their next clue.

Leg 12 (Poland → Ukraine)[edit]

In Kiev, teams had to retrieve their postcards at the Central Post Office in nearby Independence Square, pictured left.

Air date: 29 June 2013

For coming last on the previous leg, Alexey & Olena had to gather 50 people in the market square and have them perform the wave. In this leg's Roadblock, one team member had to snow tube down a hill, memorizing a series of flags from the countries they visited on the way down. At the bottom, they would have to arrange them in the correct order to receive their next clue. In the Detour, teams chose between Глечик (Hlechyk – Pot) and Гарбуз (Harbuz – Pumpkin). In Hlechyk, teams had to knock down six clay pots using a whip. In Harbuz, teams had to slash clean through six pumpkins with a saber in one slash each. At the end of either Detour, teams needed to climb a slippery snow hill to receive their next clue.

Additional tasks
  • Upon arrival in Kiev, teams needed to find a marked taxi who would give them their next clue.
  • At the library at Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, teams needed to search the bookshelves for a marked book. They then had to use a stencil to outline certain letters in the book that would reveal a password, which they could use to get their next clue.
  • At Lviv Handmade Chocolate, teams had to make 10 cups of homemade chocolate and sell them all to people on the streets, making 200.
  • At the Central Post Office, teams retrieved all the postcards that they sent during the race.

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The name Bopha in the Philippine authorities were designated its local name Pablo by Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration.

References[edit]