Vementry

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Vementry
Location
Vementry is located in Shetland
Vementry
Vementry
Vementry shown within Shetland
OS grid reference HU296606
Names
Norse name Vemunðarey
Meaning of name Vémunðr's island (personal name)
Area and summit
Area 370 hectares (1.43 sq mi)
Area rank 80[1]
Highest elevation 90 metres (295 ft) Muckle Ward
Population
Population 0[2]
Groupings
Island group Shetland
Local Authority Shetland Islands
Flag of Scotland.svg Lymphad3.svg
References [3][4][5]
Vementry Farm, on Mainland, with Isle of Vementry in hinterground

Vementry (Old Norse: "Vemunðarey"[5]) is an uninhabited Scottish island in Shetland on the north side of the West Mainland, lying south of Muckle Roe.

Description and history[edit]

The island is known for its well-preserved chambered cairn, and the two First World War gun emplacements which overlook the narrow entrance into the former naval anchorage of Busta Voe. The former are the well-preserved remains of a Neolithic heel-shaped cairn about 10 metres (33 ft) in diameter and rising to over 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in height.[6]

The island was last inhabited in the 1840s, and is now the largest uninhabited island of Shetland.

Mainland and island[edit]

Vementry is also the name of a small farm on Mainland, Shetland, immediately south of the island. For this reason, it is sometimes referred to as the "Isle of Vementry". There is no ferry service to the island, although the shepherd on the mainland farm occasionally makes the short trip to work with stock on the island.

The Isle of Vementry is separated from the mainland Vementry by a narrow channel or "sound", consisting of Uyea Sound to the east and Cribba Sound to the west. Cribba Sound is famed for the quality of mussels produced at the mussel farms located there.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ Haswell-Smith, Hamish. (2004) The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh. Canongate.
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/getamap/. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
  6. ^ "Vementry". RCAHMS. Retrieved 27 September 2013.

Coordinates: 60°19′46″N 1°27′47″W / 60.32944°N 1.46306°W / 60.32944; -1.46306