Venetian Islands, Florida

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Venetian Islands
Neighborhood of Miami
View of the Venetian Causeway and Venetian Islands with South Beach in the background, as seen from the Omni neighborhood
View of the Venetian Causeway and Venetian Islands with South Beach in the background, as seen from the Omni neighborhood
Venetian Islands neighborhood within the City of Miami
Venetian Islands neighborhood within the City of Miami
Coordinates: 25°47′26.99″N 80°9′39.51″W / 25.7908306°N 80.1609750°W / 25.7908306; -80.1609750
Country United States
State Florida
County Miami-Dade County
City Miami
Islands of the Venetians Islands
Government
 • City of Miami Commissioner Marc Sarnoff
 • Miami-Dade Commissioners Audrey Edmonson
 • House of Representatives Cynthia A. Stafford (D)
 • State Senate Gwen Margolis (D)
 • U.S. House Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R) and Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D)
Time zone EST (UTC-05)
ZIP Code 33139
Area code(s) 305, 786
Aerial view of the westernmost Venetian Islands from Omni

The Venetian Islands are a chain of artificial islands in Biscayne Bay in the cities of Miami and Miami Beach, Florida. The islands are, from west to east: Biscayne Island (Miami), San Marco Island (Miami), San Marino Island (Miami Beach), Di Lido Island (Miami Beach), Rivo Alto Island (Miami Beach), and Belle Isle (Miami Beach). Flagler Monument Island remains an uninhabited picnic island, originally built in 1920 as a memorial to railroad pioneer Henry Flagler. The islands are connected by bridges from the Miami mainland to Miami Beach.

History[edit]

The Venetian Islands project was proposed to be much larger than what exists today. Another causeway was to be built, called "The Drive of the Campanili." The causeway would connect Hibiscus Island (south of the Venetian Islands) with Di Lido Island. The road would then continue north right up the center of Biscayne Bay, with five new islands created along its path. The roadway would then veer slightly to the northeast, where it would end at Indian Creek Village. An additional four islands would be built along two east-west roads that would connect with the causeway. One of these roads was along the current route of the Julia Tuttle Causeway and the other along the current route of the 79th Street Causeway.[1]

The original bridge (called the Collins Bridge) was built by farmer and developer John S. Collins with financial assistance from automotive parts and racing pioneer Carl G. Fisher. At the time it was completed, it was the longest wooden bridge in the world. The 2½ mile wooden toll bridge opened on June 12, 1913, providing a critical link to the newly established city of Miami Beach, formerly accessible only by a ferry service.

While none of these islands were built, the foundation pillings for one of them can still be seen in Central Biscayne Bay between Di Lido Island and the Julia Tuttle Causeway. The island was to be called Isola di Lolando.[2] The demise of the island construction was due to a combination of the aftermath of the 1926 Miami Hurricane and the end of the Florida land boom of the 1920s. The Shoreland Company went bankrupt in 1927 due to objections of "further mutilation of the waterway".[3]

The original wooden causeway was replaced in 1925 by a series of arch drawbridges and renamed the Venetian Causeway. Today, the causeway is a popular stretch for people to jog, ride bikes, walk dogs and stroll. The islands offer residents a suburb feel that is located between (and within minutes of) Miami Beach's South Beach and Miami's new Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts.

Biscayne Island[edit]

Biscayne Island is a neighborhood in the City of Miami, Florida, United States. It is also the westernmost of the Venetian Islands, a chain of artificial islands in Biscayne Bay.[4] Biscayne Island was once the site of Viking Airport. It is now home to apartment buildings, residential neighborhoods, and a toll plaza portion of the Venetian Causeway.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2000, the population of Biscayne Island had 412 people. The zip code for Biscayne Island is 33139. The area covers 0.181 square miles (0.47 km2). As of 2000, there were 215 males and 197 females. The median age for males were 42.1 years old, while the median age for females were 48.0 years old. The average household size had 1.6 people, while the average family size had 2.4 members. The percentage of married-couple families (among all households) was 28.8%, while the percentage of married-couple families with children (among all households) was 4.0%, and the percentage of single-mother households (among all households) was 0.8%. The percentage of never-married males 15 years old and over was 19.6%, while the percentage of never-married females 15 years old and over was 14.6%.[5]

As of 2000, the percentage of people that speak English not well or not at all made up 6.9% of the population. The percentage of residents born in Florida was 24.8%, the percentage of people born in another U.S. state was 24.8%, and the percentage of native residents but born outside the U.S. was 4.7%, while the percentage of foreign born residents was 45.7%.[5]

San Marco Island[edit]

San Marco Island is a neighborhood in the City of Miami, Florida, United States. It is the 2nd westernmost of the Venetian Islands, a chain of artificial islands in Biscayne Bay. It is between Biscayne Island and San Marino Island. It contains upscale houses and the Venetian Causeway.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Miami News – November 15, 1925, p. 13
  2. ^ Florida InsideOut magazine, Competition No. 2
  3. ^ Discussion of Biscayne Bay. nova.edu.
  4. ^ Biscayne Island on Google Maps. Maps.google.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-03.
  5. ^ a b "Demographics of Biscayne Island, Miami, FL.". city-data. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  6. ^ San Marco Island on Google Maps. Maps.google.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-03.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°47′26.99″N 80°9′39.51″W / 25.7908306°N 80.1609750°W / 25.7908306; -80.1609750