Venezuelan Air Force
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2014)|
|Bolivarian Venezuelan Military Aviation
Aviación Militar Bolivariana Venezolana (AMBV)
Venezuelan Air Force emblem
|Active||22 June 1946 - Present|
|Allegiance||President of Venezuela|
|Branch||Air Force of Venezuela|
|Part of||Ministry of the People's Power for Defense|
|Patron||Our Lady of Loreto|
|Motto||Spatium superanus palatinus (Latin: The paladin of the sovereign space)|
|March||Venezuelan Air Force Hymn (Himno de la Aviacion Militar Nacional)|
|Commanding General of the Venezuelan Air Force||Major General Eutimio José Criollo Villalobos|
The Bolivarian National Air Force of Venezuela/Venezuelan National Bolivarian Military Aviation, since the end of 2008: (Spanish) Aviación Militar Nacional Bolivariana de Venezuela (previously Fuerza Aérea Venezolana, FAV) is a professional armed body designed to defend Venezuela's sovereignty and airspace. It is a service component of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
The FAV traces its origins to 10 December 1920, when the Military Aviation School of Venezuela was formed in Maracay with a mission of training pilots for the fledging national air service, then a part of the army.
Most of the airbases in Venezuela were built in the 1960s as part of a massive expansion program. The main fighter types in those years were Venom, Vampire, and F-86. Bomber squadrons typically operated B-25 Mitchell aircraft. The 70s and 80s saw a considerable increase in capacity, mainly because the rising oil prices enabled the FAV to re-equip most of its units. The mixture of various aircraft types was maintained and Mirage IIIE and V, VF-5A and D, T-2D, OV-10A and E, T-27 were introduced. Venezuela was one of the first export customers for the F-16 which arrived in 1983 to equip the newly formed Grupo Aéreo de Caza 16 at El Libertador Airbase.
In the 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts, elements of the Venezuelan Air Force were key instigators of the rebellion. FAV units concentrated at El Libertador Air Base under the command of Brig. General Visconti seized control of the airbase and then launched an attack on the capitol. OV-10s, AT-27 Tucanos, and Mirage III fighters under his command bombarded targets in the capitol and loyalist air bases, destroying 5 CF-5 fighters on the ground. Two loyalist pilots escaped with F-16 fighters and shot down 2 OV-10s and 1 Tucano, claiming air superiority for the government . Two more rebel OV-10s were lost to ground fire. As the tables turned on the coup attempt, General Visconti and his allies fled in two C-130s, 2 Mirages, 1 OV-10 Bronco, and several SA.330 helicopters.
In 2006, Venezuelan F-16s, F-5s and Mirages participated in the joint exercise Cruzex III held in Brazil along with the air forces of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Peru and Uruguay.
List of Venezuelan Air Force bases
Major commands of the Venezuelan Air Force
The Venezuelan Air Force as a service branch of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is composed of the following Major Commands, with their respective commanders and subordinate units as of 2014:
- Air Force General Command
- Commanding General, Venezuelan Air Force: Maj. Gen. Eutimio José Criollo Villalobos
- Air Force General Staff
- Chief of the Air Staff: Divisional General Edgar Valentín Cruz Arteaga
- Air General Inspectorate
- Inspector General of the Venezuelan Air Force: Div. Gen. José Manuel Duque Marín
- Air Operations Command
- Commanding General, Air Operations Command: Div. Gen. Ángel Andrade Barráez
- Air Defense Forces Command
- Commanding General, Air Defense Forces Command: Div. Gen. Franklin Rafael Gil Espinoza
- Air Personnel Command
- Commanding General, Air Personnel Command: Div. Gen. Eliezer Hernández Sánchez
- Aviation Infantry Corps
- Venezuelan Air Force Corps of Engineers
- General Officer Commanding, VAF-CoE: Brigadier General José Gregorio Guédez
- Air Force Police
- Air Education and Training Command
- Commanding General, AETC: Div. Gen. Mayra Oropeza de Cabriles
- Venezuelan Air Force Academy, Maracay
- Superintendent, Venezuelan Air Force Academy: Brig. Gen. Ángel Eduardo Armas Tagliaferro
- Asisistant Superintendent, Venezuelan Air Force Academy: Col. Víctor Adrían Pérez Jauregui
- Military Technical Academy - Air Branch, Maracay
- Venezuelan Air Force NCO School
- Commandant of the VAF-NCOS: Brig. Gen. Ángelo Bruno D’Onofrio
- Venezuelan National Armed Forces Air Training Center
- Director of the ATC: Brig. Gen. Enzo Puglisi De Nisco
- Air Power College
- Air Force Aerospace Medicine and Physical Training Center
- Venezuelan Air Force High School
- Air Mobility and Logistics Command, led by its Commanding General, Div. Gen. William Cestari Navarro
|Sukhoi Su-30MKV Flanker-G||Russia||multirole strike fighter||SU-30 MK2||24|
|Lockheed Martin F-16 Fighting Falcon||USA||fighter
|F-16A/B Block 15OCU||12||10 F16 A and 2 F16B|
|Hongdu K-8VV Karakorum||China||light attack/trainer||K-8VV||24|
|Hongdu L-15||China||light attack/trainer||L-15||0||24 on order.|
|Embraer EMB 312 T-27 Tucano||Brazil||trainer/light attack||EMB 312 T-27||12|
|SKYLANECessna 182||USA||trainer||182 SKYLANE||12|
|Diamond DA 40||Austria||trainer||DA 40||0||36 on order.|
|QUAD CITY ULTRALIGHT CORP||USA||trainer||Quad City Challenger||7|
|Transport and Aerial refueling|
|Boeing 707||USA||transport/fuel Tanker||1|
|Lockheed C-130 Hercules||USA||transport||C-130H||4|
|Shaanxi Y-8||China||transport||Y-8F-200VV||8||Order completed Nov 2013.|
|Dornier Do 228||GER||logistical support||228 NG||10 in order.|
|Utility transport and Transport VIP|
|Airbus A-319CJ||European Union||transport||A-319CJ||1||Presidential Aircraft (air force one)|
|Boeing 737||USA||VIP transport||737-2N1||1|
|Cessna Citation X||USA||VIP transport||Cessna Citation X||1|
|Dassault Falcon 50||France||VIP||Falcon-50EX||3|
|Dassault Falcon 900||France||VIP||Falcon 900||2|
|Cessna 208B Grand Caravan||USA||transport
|Cessna Citation II||USA||transport||Citation II||1|
|CESSNA T206H STATIONAIR||USA||transport||T206H STATIONAIR||15|
|Beechcraft B200 Super King Air||USA||transport;air ambulance||4|
|Dassault Falcon 20||France||Electronic Warfare
|Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner||USA||Electronic Warfare
|Eurocopter AS 332 Super Puma||France||transport helicopter||8|
|Eurocopter AS 532 Cougar||France||AS-532AC
|Kazan Mi-17||Russia||Transport Helicopter||Mi-17V-5
|6 Mi-17V-5; 2 Mi-171VIP purchased. One lost to crash.[when?]|
|Enstrom 480B||USA||trainer Helicopter||Enstrom 480B||16 in order.|
|Ghods Mohajer/Saint Arpia||Iran/ Venezuela||observation UAV||12+||12 drones bought directly from Iran. More to be produced locally in Venezuela.|
|Cavim ANT-3X Venezolano||Venezuela||observation UAV||4|
- "Sukhoi Su-30 story in colours. Sukhoi Su-30 fighter worldwide camouflage and painting schemes". Mars.slipsk.pl. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "F-16s for Venezuela". F-16.net. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "Venezuelan F-16s". Airtoaircombat.com. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- Cooper, Tom. "Venezuelan Coup Attempt, 1992". ACIG.org. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Venezuela buys Russian aircraft, tanks to boost power". UPI. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- [dead link]
- World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
- Venezuelan K-8W light fighter trainer crashes - Janes.com, 29 July 2013
- "First 2 Y-8 Transport Aircraft headed to Venezuela". Defenseupdates.blogspot.com. November 10, 2012.
- "La Fuerza Aérea Venezolana exhibe sus vehículos aéreos no tripulados ANT-1X". Infodefensa.com. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "The Aviationist » Iranian Mohajer-2 drone appears in Venezuela. Chavez's building his own drone fleet with the help of Tehran.". The Aviationist. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air force of Venezuela.|
- (Spanish) Sitio oficial de la Aviación Militar de Venezuela
- U.S. Arms Sales to Venezuela from the Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives