Venezuelan Army

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National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Ejército Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Military shield of venezuela.png
Venezuelan Army Emblem
Active 19 April 1810 - Present
Country  Venezuela
Branch Army of Venezuela
Role To protect and guaranty the permanent sovereignty of the nation against any external, or internal threats.
Size 120,000 (2010)[citation needed]
Patron Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Motto Forger of liberties
Colors blue and red
Engagements Venezuelan War of Independence
Spanish American wars of independence
Federal War
Commanders
Minister of the People's Power for Defense of the Republic of Venezuela Admiral In Chief Carmen Melendez
Operational Strategic Commander of the National Armed Forces General-in-Chief Vladimir Padrino López
Commanding General, Venezuelan Army Major General Gerardo Izquierdo Torres
Inspector General, Venezuelan Army Divisional General Luis Medina Fernandez
Chief of Staff, Venezuelan Army Divisional General Jesus Alberto Milano Mendoza
Notable
commanders
Simon Bolivar
Francisco de Miranda

The National Army of Venezuela is one of the four professional branches of the Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It has the responsibility for land-based operations against external, or internal threats that may put the sovereignty of the nation at risk.

It is the largest military branch of Venezuela and the second in Latin America, which in 24 June 1821 won a huge military victory against the Empire of Spain, which led to the independence of the nation. It later contributed to the independence of the present-day countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia.

Mission and vision[edit]

Venezuelan Army flag

Its mission, as the ground forces of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is to:

  • Secure the ground defenses of the nation,
  • Contribute to the establishment of democratic institutions and build up respect and full compliance to the laws of the Republic as mandated,
  • Support national development and integration,
  • And to participate in programs of international cooperation and peacekeeping.

Its vision statement is as follows:

We are the Army that supports freedom, today based on loyalty, discipline, skills, backed by a constant training routine, constant administration and the vigilance in our excellent operative skills. To achieve these ends we shall guarantee ourselves the fulfillment of our highest functions: National military defense and security.

Official hymn[edit]

Spanish lyrics[edit]

Chorus

Adelante marchemos, valientes, al combate y al rudo fragor
por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Nuestra sangre es la savia del pueblo y en el pueblo se plasma en canción
es la rosa más pura del viento que en la historia da brillo a la acción,
En las aguas, el aire y la tierra la victoria es el alba inmortal,
si sublime es el triunfo en la guerra, preservemos la gloria y la paz.

Chorus

Y si el brazo extranjero se atreve a infamar de este suelo el honor
antes muerte mil veces nos llegue que rendirnos al torpe invasor,
pues de todas las patrias que el cielo diera al hombre en morada de amor,
es la nuestra el más hondo desvelo en el sueño de un mundo mejor.

Chorus

Equipment[edit]

Infantry
Sidearms
Origin Model Type Notes Photo
 Belgium Browning Hi-Power single-action 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun Browning HP West German Police.jpg
 Germany SIG Sauer P226 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun SIG Sauer P226 neu.jpg
 Austria Glock 17 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun Glock17.jpg
 Italy Beretta 92 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun Beretta 92 FS.gif
Assault Rifle
 Russia

 VEN

AK-103 7.62x39 mm Assault rifle 100,000 + 3000 produced locally AK-103 Assault Rifle.JPG
 Russia AK-104 7.62x39 mmAssault carbine 5,000 units Ak102.JPG
 Belgium

 VEN

FN FAL 7.62x51 mm Battle rifle 60,000 delivered, 300,000+ produced locally (Being phased out by the AK-103) SLRL1A1.jpg
 Belgium FN FNC 5.56x45mm NATO Assault Rifle 50,000+ delivered FNC IMG 1527.jpg
Sniper Rifle
 Russia Dragunov SVU 7.62x54R Sniper rifle 1,000 units СВУ-АС.jpg
 Russia Dragunov SVD 7.62x54R Sniper rifle 4,000 units Svd 1 russian.jpg
 VEN Catatumbo 7.62x39mm, 7.62x51mm NATO or 7.62x54R Sniper rifle Unknown number
Machine Guns and Submachine Guns
 Israel Uzi and Mini Uzi submachine guns Unknown number Uzi 1.jpg
 Belgium FN MAG 7.62x51 mm Medium machine gun Unknown number Type 74 machine gun.jpg
 USA M60 machine gun 7.62x51 mm Unknown number Being phased out by the FN MAG M60.jpg
 USA M2 Browning heavy machine gun 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun Unknown number Machine gun M2 1.jpg
Infantry AT Arms
 Sweden Bofors AT4 84mm rocket launcher Unknown number AT4-johnson2004-02-03.jpg
 Sweden Bofors 84mm Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Unknown number Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg
 Russia RPG-7 RPG-7V Unknown number Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Iranian RPG Found in Lebanon.jpg
 USA M40 recoilless rifle 106mm recoilless cannon Unknown number Marines firing a 106mm recoilless rifle from classroom in Hue University.jpg
Armored
Main Battle Tank
 Russia Main battle tank T-72B1V(T-72B1V/T-72 BREM-1/BREM-L) 192 units T-72 Ajeya.jpg
 France Main battle tank AMX-30 84 units. The AMX-30s and AMX-13C.90s are being phased out by the T-72s, but an upgrading program for them is underway. AMX-30EM2.JPG
 France Light tank AMX-13C.90 36 units AMX-13 (SM-1).jpg
 UK Light tank Scorpion 90FV-101 78 units FV101 Scorpion Megapixie.jpg
APCs
 Russia BMP-3 BMP-3/BMP-3K 130 units Russia Arms Expo 2013 (531-29).jpg
 Russia BTR-80 APC BTR-80A 300 units More intended. Russia Arms Expo 2013 (531-49).jpg
 France AMX-13 VTT-VCI (25 VTT/VCI, 10 VTT/LT, 20 VTT/PM, 12 VTT/PC, 8 VTT/TB) 75 units (derivatives are used for ambulance, vehicle recovery, artillery designation and command post roles) AMX-13-105mm img 2334.jpg
 USA Dragoon AFV (25 APC, 21 PM, 11 P, 2 R) 59 units in storage
 USA V-100/V-150 Commando (50 LAV-100, 30 LAV-150) 80 units in storage V-100CommandoTuyHoa1968Vietnam.jpg
 Germany TPz Fuchs TPz Fuchs 10 units Transportpanzer Fuchs (TPz Fuchs) der Bundeswehr (10579660405).jpg
 USA Dragoon 300 LFV2 Armored car 42 units (derivatives are used for ambulance, vehicle recovery, artillery designation and command post roles)
Transport Vehicles
 VEN Tiuna multipurpose military vehicle 4,899 units Tuina.jpg
 Austria Pinzgauer High Mobility All-Terrain Vehicle multipurpose military vehicle 244 Units Pinzgauer High Mobility All-Terrain Vehicle by Nick.JPG
 USA Jeep Wrangler multipurpose military vehicle 144 Units 1992 Jeep YJ.JPG
 USA Humvee multipurpose military vehicle A Few Units Humvee kalemegdan.jpg
 USA M151 MUTT jeeps in storage FEMA - 3234 - Photograph by Andrea Booher taken on 07-09-1993 in Missouri.jpg
 Japan

 VEN

Toyota Land Cruiser (J70) multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number (produced locally and imported) ZPU-2 on a Toyota 40 Series.jpg
 Italy IVECO/Fiat 90PM16 Unknown number Iveco Trakker Straßentankwagen schwer gepanzert.jpg
 Germany MAN 20.280D MAN 20.280D Unknown number Bundeswehr MAN 5to.gl.jpg
 USA Chevrolet Kodiak 7A15 Kodiak 7A15 Unknown number
 USA M-35/A2 Reo M-35/A2 Reo Unknown number Truck M35.jpg
 Russia Ural-4320 multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number Engineering Technologies - 2012 (2-35).jpg
 Russia Ural-375D multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number Ural375 nva.jpg
Artillery
Field Artillery
 France Thomson Brandt MO-120 120mm mortar Unknown number
 Russia 2S12 Sani 120mm mortar Unknown number 2S12 Sani (heavy mortar system).jpg
 Russia 2S23 120mm self-propelled mortar 13 units Vladimir Putin 14 July 2000-4.jpg
 USA M114 155 mm howitzer 155 mm howitzer 24 units
 USA M101A1 105mm howitzer M101A1 105mm howitzer 40 units
 Italy OTO Melara M-56 105mm howitzer OTO Melara M-56 105mm howitzer 40 units
 Russia 2S19 Msta-S 152mm self propelled howitzer 47 units 2S19 Msta-S.JPG
 France AMX-13/Mle F.3155mm 155mm self propelled howitzer 10 units Being phased out by the 2S19 Msta-S
 France

 Israel

AMX-13/LAR-160 160mm Multiple rocket launcher 25 units
 Russia BM-30 Smerch300mm 12 units Azeri "Smerch", parade in Baku, 2013.JPG
 Russia BM-21 Grad122mm 52 units on order from Russia BM-21 NTW 5 93.jpg
Air Defense Artillery
 Russia S-300VM missile systems 1 in service with 11 on order 9A84M at the MAKS-2011 (01).jpg
 Russia BUK-M2 3 [1] missile systems Buk missile system TELs.jpg
 Russia S-125 Pechora-2M missile systems 11 mobile missile systems SA-3 Las Palmas Airbase 2006.JPG
 Russia Tor M-1 missile systems 12 already in service with 12 to be delivered for a total of 24
 Sweden Bofors RBS-70 RBS-70 Unknown number
 Russia 9K338 Igla-S (SA-24 Grinch) 9K338 Igla-S Unknown number 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg
 France Panhard AML S 530 twin 20mm AA Unknown number
 France AMX-13 Rafaga twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 USA  Switzerland M35 Fenix twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 Russia ZU-23-2 twin 23mm AA 300 units on order from Russia ZU-23-2 in Saint Petersburg.jpg

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Mil Mi-26T of the Venezuelan Army in Russia in March 2008.
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
Mil Mi-35  Russia Attack helicopter Mil Mi-35M2 Caribe 10
Mil Mi-17  Russia Transport helicopter Kazan Mi-17V-5 Panare 18 Two losses in accidents
Mil Mi-26  Russia Heavy lift transport helicopter Mil Mi-26T2 Pemon 3
Bell 205  USA Transport helicopter Bell 205A-1/UH-1H Huey 10 being phased out (six UH-1H; four 205A-1)
Bell 206  USA Transport/training helicopter Bell 206B Jet Ranger 4 2 transport, 2 training
Bell 412  USA Transport helicopter Bell 412HP/SP 10 Two B412SP; eight B412HP
Sikorsky S-61  USA Transport helicopter Agusta-Sikorsky AS-61SD Sea King 3 being modernized
Mi 35M EV.jpeg

Fixed wing[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
IAI Arava  Israel Light utility transport 4
Beechcraft Super King Air  USA Transport 2
PZL M28  Poland Light transport 11 ENBV0063 crashed in 2010

According to the handbook Military Balance (formally - iiss.org), which is publishes an annual report on all weapons systems in all countries, used 18 Pechora 2M, delivered 200 ZU 23-2ZOM1-4 and 12 (Air Force) Tor-M1.

Delivered (12 Tor-M1)[3] in a planned and another 12 (Tor-M2E)[4] 24 systems delivered by 2011.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trade Registers". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
  3. ^ "Hugo Chávez agradece a Rusia por suministrar a Venezuela “el armamento más moderno del mundo”". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Венесуэла не хочет судьбы Ливии". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "/". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 

External links[edit]