Venezuelan Army

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National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Ejército Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Military shield of venezuela.png
Venezuelan Army Emblem
Active 19 April 1810 - Present
Country  Venezuela
Branch Army of Venezuela
Role To protect and guaranty the permanent sovereignty of the nation against any external, or internal threats.
Size 120,000 (2010)[1]
Patron Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Motto Forger of liberties
Colors blue and red
Engagements Venezuelan War of Independence
Spanish American wars of independence
Federal War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Simon Bolivar
Francisco de Miranda

The National Army of Venezuela is one of the four professional branches of the Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It has the responsibility for land-based operations against external, or internal threats that may put the sovereignty of the nation at risk.

It is the largest military branch of Venezuela and the second in Latin America, which in 24 June 1821 won a huge military victory against the Empire of Spain, which led to the independence of the nation. It later contributed to the independence of the present-day countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia.

Mission and vision[edit]

Venezuelan Army flag

Its mission, as the ground forces of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is to:

  • Secure the ground defenses of the nation,
  • Contribute to the establishment of democratic institutions and build up respect and full compliance to the laws of the Republic as mandated,
  • Support national development and integration,
  • And to participate in programs of international cooperation and peacekeeping.

Its vision statement is as follows:

We are the Army that supports freedom, today based on loyalty, discipline, skills, backed by a constant training routine, constant administration and the vigilance in our excellent operative skills. To achieve these ends we shall guarantee ourselves the fulfillment of our highest functions: National military defense and security.

Official hymn[edit]

Spanish lyrics[edit]

Chorus

Adelante marchemos, valientes, al combate y al rudo fragor
por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Nuestra sangre es la savia del pueblo y en el pueblo se plasma en canción
es la rosa más pura del viento que en la historia da brillo a la acción,
En las aguas, el aire y la tierra la victoria es el alba inmortal,
si sublime es el triunfo en la guerra, preservemos la gloria y la paz.

Chorus

Y si el brazo extranjero se atreve a infamar de este suelo el honor
antes muerte mil veces nos llegue que rendirnos al torpe invasor,
pues de todas las patrias que el cielo diera al hombre en morada de amor,
es la nuestra el más hondo desvelo en el sueño de un mundo mejor.

Chorus

Organization[edit]

The Venezuelan Army is divided into 4 main commands and 6 army divisions as well as other independent units reporting to Headquarters, Venezuelan Army.

Army commands[edit]

Army General Command[edit]

  • Army Headquarters
  • Army HQ Escort and Security Battalion "Lieutenant General Daniel Florence O'Leary"
  • Army General Staff
  • Army Inspector General's Office

Army Logistics Command[edit]

  • Command HQ
  • Inspectoriate
  • Adjutant General's Corps
  • HQ Company
  • Acquisitions Office
  • Army Ministers Reception Center
  • Army Armaments Corps
  • Army Intendancy
  • Army Medical Department
  • Army Transportation Corps
  • Army Communications Corps
  • Army Engineers Service
  • 82nd Logistics Support Regiment
  • 84th Logistics Support Regiment

Army Aviation Command[edit]

  • Command HQ
  • Command, Service and Logistics Company
  • Helicopter Battalion
  • Fixed Wing Air Battalion
  • Special Reconnaissance Battalion
  • Multipurpose Helicopter Battalion
  • Army Aviation Maintenance Center
  • Army Aviation School
  • Army Aviation Center of Administration
  • Army Aviation Flight Simulation and Instruction Center

Army divisions and corps[edit]

1st Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 11th Armored Brigade
  • 12th Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 13th Infantry Brigade
  • 14th Armored Infantry Brigade
  • 19th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
  • 107th Special Operations Battalion "General in Chief Jose Gregorio Monagas"

2nd Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 21st Motorized Infantry Brigade
  • 22nd Mountain Infantry Brigade
  • 23rd Development and Security Brigade
  • 24th Light Infantry Brigade
  • 25th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 205th Engineering Battalion
  • Military Police Company

3rd Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 31st Mechanized Infantry Brigade "Major General Lucas Carvajal"
  • 32nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 33rd Combat Communications Brigade
  • 35th Military Police Brigade
  • 39th Air Defense Artillery Brigade "Colonel Juan Perez Ovalles"
  • 302nd Motorized Cavalry Group "Major General Juan Pablo Ayala"
  • 305th Combat Engineers Battalion

4th Armored Division[edit]

5th Jungle Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 5002th Maintenance and Services Coy.
  • 51st Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 52nd Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 53rd Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 505th Combat Engineers Battalion
  • 509th Special Operations Battalion "Colonel Domingo Montes"
  • 508th Service Support Battalion
  • 3rd Air Defense Artillery Group

9th Cavalry Division[edit]

  • HQ Squadron
  • 91st Cavalry Brigade "Major General Pedro Perez Delgado"
  • 92nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 93rd Caribbean Ranger Brigade


6th Corps of Engineers[edit]

  • Corps HQ
  • HQ Battalion
  • 61st Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 62nd Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 63rd Construction and Maintenance Regiment

Equipment[edit]

Infantry
Sidearms
Origin Model Type Notes Photo
 Belgium Browning Hi-Power single-action 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun Browning HP West German Police.jpg
 Germany SIG Sauer P226 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun SIG Sauer P226 neu.jpg
 Austria Glock 17 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun Glock17.jpg
 Italy Beretta 92 9x19mm Parabellum semi-automatic handgun Beretta 92 FS.gif
Assault Rifle
 Russia

 VEN

AK-103 7.62x39 mm Assault rifle 100,000 + 3000 produced locally AK-103 Assault Rifle.JPG
 Russia AK-104 7.62x39 mmAssault carbine 5,000 units Ak102.JPG
 Belgium

 VEN

FN FAL 7.62x51 mm Battle rifle 60,000 delivered, 300,000+ produced locally (Being phased out by the AK-103) SLRL1A1.jpg
 Belgium FN FNC 5.56x45mm NATO Assault Rifle 50,000+ delivered FNC IMG 1527.jpg
Sniper Rifle
 Russia Dragunov SVU 7.62x54R Sniper rifle 1,000 units СВУ-АС.jpg
 Russia Dragunov SVD 7.62x54R Sniper rifle 4,000 units Svd 1 russian.jpg
 VEN Catatumbo 7.62x39mm, 7.62x51mm NATO or 7.62x54R Sniper rifle Unknown number
Machine Guns and Submachine Guns
 Israel Uzi and Mini Uzi submachine guns Unknown number Uzi 1.jpg
 Belgium FN MAG 7.62x51 mm Medium machine gun Unknown number Type 74 machine gun.jpg
 USA M60 machine gun 7.62x51 mm Unknown number Being phased out by the FN MAG M60.jpg
 USA M2 Browning heavy machine gun 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun Unknown number Machine gun M2 1.jpg
Infantry AT Arms
 Sweden Bofors AT4 84mm rocket launcher Unknown number AT4-johnson2004-02-03.jpg
 Sweden Bofors 84mm Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Unknown number Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg
 Russia RPG-7 RPG-7V Unknown number Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Iranian RPG Found in Lebanon.jpg
 USA M40 recoilless rifle 106mm recoilless cannon Unknown number Marines firing a 106mm recoilless rifle from classroom in Hue University.jpg
Armored
Main Battle Tank
 Russia Main battle tank T-72B1V(T-72B1V/T-72 BREM-1/BREM-L) 192 units T-72 Ajeya.jpg
 France Main battle tank AMX-30 84 units The AMX-30s and AMX-13C.90s are being phased out by the T-72s. AMX-30EM2.JPG
 France Light tank AMX-13C.90 36 units AMX-13 150808 02.jpg
 UK Light tank Scorpion 90FV-101 78 units FV101 Scorpion Iraq 1991.jpg
APCs
 Russia Rosoboronexport BMP-3 (BMP-3/BMP-3K) 130 units Russia Arms Expo 2013 (531-29).jpg
 Russia Rosoboronexport APC BTR-80 300 units More intended. Ukranian BTR-80.jpg
 France AMX-13 VTT-VCI (25 VTT/VCI, 10 VTT/LT, 20 VTT/PM, 12 VTT/PC, 8 VTT/TB) 75 units (derivatives are used for ambulance, vehicle recovery, artillery designation and command post roles)
 UK FV104 Samaritan FV104 Samaritan 4 units
 UK FV105 Sultan FV105 Sultan 2 units
 UK FV106 Samson FV106 Samson 4 units
 USA Dragoon AFV (25 APC, 21 PM, 11 P, 2 R) 59 units
 USA V-100/V-150 Commando (50 LAV-100, 30 LAV-150) 80 units (derivatives are used for ambulance, vehicle recovery, artillery designation and command post roles) V-100CommandoTuyHoa1968Vietnam.jpg
 Germany TPz Fuchs TPz Fuchs 10 units
 USA Dragoon 300 LFV2 Armored car 42 units (derivatives are used for ambulance, vehicle recovery, artillery designation and command post roles)
Transport Vehicles
 VEN Tiuna multipurpose military vehicle 4,899 units produced locally
 Austria Pinzgauer High Mobility All-Terrain Vehicle multipurpose military vehicle 244 Units
 USA Jeep Wrangler multipurpose military vehicle 144 Units
 USA Humvee multipurpose military vehicle A Few Units Humvee kalemegdan.jpg
 USA M151 MUTT jeeps 44 Units All units are in storage FEMA - 3234 - Photograph by Andrea Booher taken on 07-09-1993 in Missouri.jpg
 Austria Steyr-Daimler-Puch L-80 Unknown number
 Japan

 VEN

Toyota Land Cruiser (J70) multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number (produced locally and imported) ZPU-2 on a Toyota 40 Series.jpg
 Italy IVECO/Fiat 90PM16 L-80 Unknown number
 Germany MAN 20.280D MAN 20.280D Unknown number
 Germany MAN 20.280 MAN 20.280 Unknown number
 USA Chevrolet Kodiak 7A15 Kodiak 7A15 Unknown number
 USA M-35/A2 Reo M-35/A2 Reo Unknown number Truck M35.jpg
 Russia Ural-4320 multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number Engineering Technologies - 2012 (2-35).jpg
Artillery
Field Artillery
 France Thomson Brandt MO-120 120mm mortar Unknown number
 Russia 2S12 Sani 120mm mortar Unknown number 2S12 Sani (heavy mortar system).jpg
 Russia 2S23 120mm self-propelled mortar 13 units Vladimir Putin 14 July 2000-4.jpg
 USA M114 155 mm howitzer 155 mm howitzer 24 units
 USA M101A1 105mm howitzer M101A1 105mm howitzer 40 units
 Italy OTO Melara M-56 105mm howitzer OTO Melara M-56 105mm howitzer 40 units
 Russia 2S19 Msta-S 152mm self propelled howitzer 47 units 2S19 Msta-S.JPG
 France AMX-13/Mle F.3155mm 155mm self propelled howitzer 10 units Being phased out by the 2S19 Msta-S
 France

 Israel

AMX-13/LAR-160 160mm Multiple rocket launcher 25 units
 Russia BM-30 Smerch300mm 12 units Azeri "Smerch", parade in Baku, 2013.JPG
 Russia BM-21 Grad122mm 52 units on order from Russia BM-21 NTW 5 93.jpg
Air Defense Artillery
 Russia S-300VM missile systems 12 brigades on order from Russia 9A84M at the MAKS-2011 (01).jpg
 Russia BUK-M2 missile systems 3 groups on order from Russia Buk missile system TELs.jpg
 Russia S-125 Pechora-2M missile systems 11 mobile missile systems SA-3 Las Palmas Airbase 2006.JPG
 Sweden Bofors RBS-70 RBS-70 Unknown number
 Russia 9K338 Igla-S (SA-24 Grinch) 9K338 Igla-S Unknown number 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg
 France Panhard AML S 530 twin 20mm AA Unknown number
 France AMX-13 Rafaga twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 USA  Switzerland M35 Fenix twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 Russia ZU-23-2 twin 23mm AA 300 units on order from Russia ZU-23-2 in Saint Petersburg.jpg

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Mil Mi-26T of the Venezuelan Army in Russia in March 2008.
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
Mil Mi-35  Russia Attack helicopter Mil Mi-35M2 Caribe 10
Mil Mi-17  Russia Transport helicopter Kazan Mi-17V-5 Panare 18 Two losses in accidents
Mil Mi-26  Russia Heavy lift transport helicopter Mil Mi-26T2 Pemon 3
Bell 205  USA Transport helicopter Bell 205A-1/UH-1H Huey 10 being phased out (six UH-1H; four 205A-1)
Bell 206  USA Transport/training helicopter Bell 206B Jet Ranger 4 2 transport, 2 training
Bell 412  USA Transport helicopter Bell 412HP/SP 10 Two B412SP; eight B412HP
Sikorsky S-61  USA Transport helicopter Agusta-Sikorsky AS-61SD Sea King 3 being modernized
Mi 35M EV.jpeg

Fixed wing[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
IAI Arava  Israel Light utility transport 4
Beechcraft Super King Air  USA Transport 2
PZL M28  Poland Light transport 11 ENBV0063 crashed in 2010

References[edit]

External links[edit]