Venezuelan people

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Venezuelans
Venezolanos

Venezuelans.png 1st row: Francisco de Miranda, Simón Bolívar, Simón Rodríguez, José Antonio Páez
2nd row: Rómulo Gallegos, Humberto Fernández Morán, Reynaldo Armas, Teresa Carreño

3rd row: Édgar Ramírez, Dayana Mendoza, Gustavo Dudamel, Bobby Abreu
Total population
World
±30,000,000
Regions with significant populations
Venezuela Venezuela: 27,800,000
United States United States 220,000 - 500,000[1]
Colombia Colombia 250,000[2]
Spain Spain 150,000 - 200,000
Italy Italy 150,000[3]
Portugal Portugal 100,000[3]
Canada Canada 8,035 -30,000[4]
France France 30,000[3]
Panama Panama 24,000[3]
Germany Germany 20,000[3]
Syria Syria 20,000[5]
Mexico Mexico 17,000[3]
England England 15,000[3]
Cuba Cuba 15,000[3]
Australia Australia 10,000[3]
Brazil Brazil 7,000[3]
Argentina Argentina 6,000[3]
Republic of Ireland Ireland 5,000[3]
Chile Chile 4,000[3]
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 3,000[3]
Peru Peru 3,000[3]
Costa Rica Costa Rica 3,000[3]
Ecuador Ecuador 3,000[3]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 2,500[3]
New Zealand New Zealand 2,000[3]
Bolivia Bolivia 2,000[3]
Netherlands Netherlands 1,000[3]
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 1,000[3]
Uruguay Uruguay 1,000[3]
Poland Poland 60[6]
Languages
Spanish and other native languages.
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic, small minorities of other religions. Native people are mainly animist.

Venezuelan people are from a multiethnic nation in South America called Venezuela. Venezuelans are predominantly Roman Catholic and speak Spanish. The majority of Venezuelans are the result of a mixture of Europeans, Africans, and Amerindians. 49.9% of the population are Mestizos of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry and 42.2% are White of European ancestry. Another 4.2% is Black African, or of mixed Black African and European ancestry, while 2.7% is of full Amerindian ancestry, and 1.0% other races ( principally Asian people).

Demography[edit]

The population of approximately 28 million people (in 2006[7]) made Venezuela the sixth-most populous country in Latin America (after Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, and Peru).

More than ninety percent of the Venezuelans live in urban areas – a figure significantly higher than the world average. The literacy rate (98 percent) in Venezuela is also well above the world average, and the rate of population growth slightly exceeds the world average. A large proportion of Venezuelans are young, largely because of recent decreases in the infant mortality rate. While 30 percent of the people are 14 years of age or younger, just 4 percent are aged 65 or older.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The country has a diverse population that reflects its colourful history and the peoples that have populated here from ancient times to the present. The historic amalgam of the different main groups forms the basics of Venezuela's current demographics: European immigrants, Amerindian peoples, Africans, Asians, Middle Easterners and other recent immigrants.

Many of the indigenous peoples were absorbed into the Mestizo population, but the remaining 500,000 currently represent over eighty-five distinct cultures. The European immigrants were mostly Spanish colonists, but a high number of other Europeans brought by the past high growth (Portuguese, Italian, and German migrated to the region in the middle 20th century by the Petroleum Growth, and in much smaller numbers French, English and Polish communities immigrated during the Second World War and the Cold War.

Black Africans were brought as slaves, mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century, and continuing into the mid 19th century. Other immigrant populations include Asians and Middle Easterners, particularly Lebanese, Syrians, and Chinese.

About 49.9% of the population is Mestizo, or of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry, while 42.2% are full white of European ancestry and/or Middle Eastern ancestry. Another 4.2% is black, or of mixed black African and European ancestry, while 2.7% is of full Amerindian ancestry, and 1.0% other races ( principally Asian people).

In cities like Caracas, Maracaibo, Maracay, Valencia, Lecheria, Cabudare, Colonia Tovar, Punto Fijo, Porlamar-La Asunción, and the Andean States is concentrated the majority of the Europeans (mainly Spanish, Italians, Portuguese) and their descendants, emigrated in Venezuela after World War II[8]

Pure indigenous Amerindians comprise 1 percent of the population.[9] There are 101 languages listed for Venezuela in the Ethnologue database, of which 80 are spoken today as living languages.

Indigenous peoples[edit]

Before the Spanish colonization of the region that would become the country of Venezuela, the territory was the home to many different indigenous peoples. Today more than fifty different indigenous ethnic groups inhabit Venezuela. Most of them speak languages belonging to the Chibchan, Arawakan and Cariban languages families.

Religion[edit]

Main article: Religion in Venezuela

The National Institute for Statistics (INE) does not collect religious statistics, and accurate reports are hard to obtain. Based on various studies, more than 95% of the population adheres to Christianity,[10] in which a huge segment of the population, between 81% and 90%, practices Roman Catholicism. About 1% of Venezuelans practice indigenous religions.

Under 1% practice Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Despite strong numbers of adherents, around 60% of respondents to a poll by El Tiempo report that they do not practice their faith actively.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]