The Venicones were a people of ancient Britain, known only from a single mention of them by the geographer Ptolemy c. 150 AD. He recorded that their town was 'Orrea'. This has been identified as the Roman fort of Horrea Classis, located by Rivet and Smith as Monifieth, six miles east of Dundee. Therefore they are presumed to have lived between the Tay and the Mounth, south of Aberdeen. The tribal name probably means "hunting hounds". A slightly differing etymology, "kindred hounds", identifies the name with Maen Gwyngwn, a region mentioned in the Gododdin.The name may be Celtic for Fianna-Ceann and mean: Warrior Promontory and/or Warrior Headland.
- Ptolemy (150), Thayer, Bill, ed., Geographia, Book 2, Chapter 2: Albion island of Britannia, LacusCurtius website at the University of Chicago (published 2008), retrieved 2008-04-26
- A.L.F. Rivet and C. Smith, The Place-Names of Roman Britain (1979), pp. 372-3,491.
- Andrew Breeze, Three Celtic names: Venicones, Tuesis and Soutra, Scottish Language (2006)
- J. T. Koch, The Stone of the Wenicones, in: Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 29, 1982, p. 87ff.
- http://www.lexilogos.com/english/gaelic_scottish_dictionary.htm"Scottish Gaelic Dictionary"