Venicones

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Britain.north.peoples.Ptolemy.jpg

The Venicones were a people of ancient Britain, known only from a single mention of them by the geographer Ptolemy c. 150 AD. He recorded that their town was 'Orrea'.[1] This has been identified as the Roman fort of Horrea Classis, located by Rivet and Smith as Monifieth, six miles east of Dundee.[2] Therefore they are presumed to have lived between the Tay and the Mounth, south of Aberdeen. The tribal name probably means "hunting hounds".[3] A slightly differing etymology, "kindred hounds", identifies the name with Maen Gwyngwn, a region mentioned in the Gododdin.[4]The name may be Celtic for Fianna-Ceann and mean: Warrior Promontory and/or Warrior Headland.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ptolemy (150), Thayer, Bill, ed., Geographia, Book 2, Chapter 2: Albion island of Britannia, LacusCurtius website at the University of Chicago (published 2008), retrieved 2008-04-26 
  2. ^ A.L.F. Rivet and C. Smith, The Place-Names of Roman Britain (1979), pp. 372-3,491.
  3. ^ Andrew Breeze, Three Celtic names: Venicones, Tuesis and Soutra, Scottish Language (2006)
  4. ^ J. T. Koch, The Stone of the Wenicones, in: Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 29, 1982, p. 87ff.
  5. ^ http://www.lexilogos.com/english/gaelic_scottish_dictionary.htm"Scottish Gaelic Dictionary"