Vennesla

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Vennesla kommune
Municipality
Setesdal Line railway museum in Vennesla municipality
Setesdal Line railway museum in Vennesla municipality
Coat of arms of Vennesla kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Vennesla kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Vennesla within Vest-Agder
Vennesla within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°18′38″N 7°51′25″E / 58.31056°N 7.85694°E / 58.31056; 7.85694Coordinates: 58°18′38″N 7°51′25″E / 58.31056°N 7.85694°E / 58.31056; 7.85694
Country Norway
County Vest-Agder
District Sørlandet
Administrative centre Vennesla
Government
 • Mayor (2003) Torhild Bransdal (KrF)
Area
 • Total 384 km2 (148 sq mi)
 • Land 362 km2 (140 sq mi)
Area rank 244 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 12,356
 • Rank 89 in Norway
 • Density 34/km2 (90/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.1 %
Demonym Venndøl[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1014
Official language form Neutral
Website www.vennesla.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Vennesla is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. Vennesla was separated from Øvrebø in 1861. Øvrebø and Hægeland were merged with Vennesla again on 1 January 1964. It lies about 17 kilometres (11 mi) north of Kristiansand and it is the third-largest municipality of the county.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Vennesla farm (Old Norse Vendilslá), since the first church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of vendill which means "small twig" (maybe used as a name of an arm of Venneslafjorden) and the last element is which means "swamp".

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 15 May 1971. The wavy bend in the arms symbolises the Otra river, which runs through the municipality. The trees symbolize forestry and the cogwheels symbolize industry.[2]

Geography[edit]

Vennesla is bordered in the west by the municipalities of Marnardal and Songdalen, in the east by Birkenes and Iveland. In the northeast by Evje og Hornnes, and in the south by Kristiansand.

Economy[edit]

Vennesla has mainly been considered an industrial small town, with Hunsfos Fabrikker AS, a paper mill, as the cornerstone of the community. During recent decades, however, the number of employees has drastically declined from around 1,200 in the 1970s, to 200 in 2005 and 120 in 2007.In 2010 there is 135 employees at the paper mill. In 2011 Hunsfos Fabrikker AS will celebrate their 125 years as a paper mill. www.hunsfos.com

Vikeland hovedgård[edit]

There is a mansion in Vennesla, Vikeland hovedgård, which is said to be haunted by a ghost known as "the Blue Lady" (den Blå Dama). Mari, the Blue Lady, was a worker on the farm located there, and fell in love with the farm owner's son. They were not allowed to marry, so it is said Mari committed suicide by hanging herself in the "blue room", hence the title "the Blue Lady". Today, when weddings are held in the mansion, the owners of the property allow the Blue Lady's ghost to join the wedding festivities by setting an extra place for her at the table.

Vindbjart Football club[edit]

The local team in Vennesla is Vindbjart FK. They are currently playing in the Norwegian Second Division and have their stadium at Moseidmoen.

Twin Towns - Sister Cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 27 September 2008. 

External links[edit]