Ventôse

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For the warship, see Ventôse (F733).

Ventôse (French pronunciation: ​[vɑ̃toz]; also Ventose) was the sixth month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word ventosus, which means windy.

Ventôse was the third month of the winter quarter (mois d'hiver). It started between 19 February and 21 February. It ended between 20 March and 21 March. It follows the Pluviôse and precedes the Germinal.

The new names for the calendar were suggested by Fabre d'Églantine on 24 October 1793. On 24 November the National Convention accepted the names with minor changes. So it was decided to omit the circumflex (accent circonflexe) in the names of the winter months. So the month was named Ventose instead of Ventôse. Historiography still prefers the spelling Ventôse.


3 Ventôse III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 16
1 Thursday
19 February 1795
2 Friday
20 February 1795
3 Saturday
21 February 1795
4 Sunday
22 February 1795
5 Monday
23 February 1795
6 Tuesday
24 February 1795
7 Wednesday
25 February 1795
8 Thursday
26 February 1795
9 Friday
27 February 1795
10 Saturday
28 February 1795
décade 17
11 Sunday
1 March 1795
12 Monday
2 March 1795
13 Tuesday
3 March 1795
14 Wednesday
4 March 1795
15 Thursday
5 March 1795
16 Friday
6 March 1795
17 Saturday
7 March 1795
18 Sunday
8 March 1795
19 Monday
9 March 1795
20 Tuesday
10 March 1795
décade 18
21 Wednesday
11 March 1795
22 Thursday
12 March 1795
23 Friday
13 March 1795
24 Saturday
14 March 1795
25 Sunday
15 March 1795
26 Monday
16 March 1795
27 Tuesday
17 March 1795
28 Wednesday
18 March 1795
29 Thursday
19 March 1795
30 Friday
20 March 1795
10 h
9:99:07
Ventôse
23:58:40
24 h


Day name table[edit]

Like all FRC months Ventôse lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Tussilage (Coltsfoot) 11. Narcisse (Narcissus) 21. Mandragore (Mandrake)
Duodi 2. Cornouiller (Dogwood) 12. Orme (Elm) 22. Percil (Parsley)
Tridi 3. Viollier (Stock) 13. Fumeterre (Fumitory) 23. Cochléria (Scurvygrass)
Quartidi 4. Troëne (Privet) 14. Vélar (Hedge Mustard) 24. Pâquerette (Daisy)
Quintidi 5. Bouc (Billygoat) 15. Chèvre (Goat) 25. Thon (Tuna)
Sextidi 6. Asaret (Wild Ginger) 16. Epinard (Spinach) 26. Pissenlit (Dandelion)
Septidi 7. Alaterne (Evergreen Buckthorn) 17. Doronic (Leopard's Bane) 27. Sylvie (Anemone)
Octidi 8. Violette (Violet) 18. Mouron (Pimpernel) 28. Capillaire (Maidenhair Fern)
Nonidi 9. Marceau (Willow) 19. Cerfeuil (Chervil) 29. Frêne (Ash Tree)
Decadi 10. Bêche (Spade) 20. Cordeau (Twine) 30. Plantoir (Dibble)

Conversion table[edit]

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Ventôse"
I. II. III. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
February 1793 1794 1795 1797 1798 1799 March
IV.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
February 1796 March
VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
February 1800 1801 1802 1803 1805 March
XII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
February 1804 March

External links[edit]