Venues of the 1972 Summer Olympics

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Munich's Olympiastadion.

For the 1972 Summer Olympics, a total of thirty-two sports venues were used. A majority of the venues used were new construction in time for the 1972 Games after Munich was awarded the Games in 1966. Kiel Bay was the only venue from the 1936 Summer Olympics to be used for the 1972 Games. A stretch of the Autobahn near Munich was used for cycling's road team time trial event. After the Olympics, Olympiastadion hosted the final of the FIFA World Cup less than two years later. Augsburg's Eiskanal has served as host to three Canoe Slalom World Championships while the shooting range hosted the World Shooting Championships 2010. Olympiapark is part of Munich's bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Venues[edit]

Olympiapark[edit]

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.
Boxhalle Boxing, Judo (final) 7,360 [1]
Hockeyanlage Field hockey 21,900 [2]
Olympiahalle Gymnastics, Handball (final) 10.563 [3]
Olympiastadion Athletics, Ceremonies (opening/ closing), Equestrian (jumping team), Football (final), Modern pentathlon (running) 77,000 [4]
Olympisches Dorf Competitor housing Not listed. [5]
Radstadion Cycling (track) 4,157 [6]
Schwimmhalle Diving, Modern pentathlon (swimming), Swimming, Water polo (final) 9,182 [7]
Volleyballhalle Volleyball 3,680 [8]

Greater Munich[edit]

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.
Basketballhalle Basketball, Judo 6,635 [9]
Bogenschießanlage Archery 1,100 [10]
Dantebad Water polo 3,200 [11]
Dressage Facility Nymphenburg Equestrian (dressage) 8,000 [12]
Grünwald Cycling (individual road race) Not listed. [13]
Messegelände, Fechthalle 1 Fencing (final) 978 [14]
Messegelände Fechthalle 2 Fencing, Modern pentathlon (fencing) Same as Fechthalle 1. [14]
Messegelände, Gewichtheberhalle Weightlifting 3,297 [14]
Messegelände, Judo- und Ringerhalle Judo, Wrestling 5,750 [14]
Regattastrecke Oberschleißheim Canoeing (sprint), Rowing 41,000 [15]
Riding Facility, Riem Equestrian (jumping individual, eventing cross-country), Modern pentathlon (riding) 23,000 [16]
Schießanlage Modern pentathlon (shooting), Shooting 4,500 [17]

Football venues[edit]

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.
Drei Flüsse Stadion (Passau) Football 20,000 [18][19][20]
ESV-Stadion (Ingolstadt) Football 11,418 [18][19][21]
Jahnstadion (Regensburg) Football 11,200 [18][19][22]
Rosenaustadion (Augsburg) Football 28,000 [18][19][23]
Urban Stadium (Nuremberg) Football 45,548 [18][19][24]

Handball venues[edit]

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.
Sporthalle (Böblingen) Handball Not listed [18][25][26]
Donauhalle (Ulm) Handball 2,300 [18][25][27]
Hohenstaufenhalle (Göppingen) Handball 5,599 [18][25][28]
Sporthalle (Augsburg) Handball 3,093 [18][25][29]

Other venues[edit]

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.
Bay of Kiel Sailing 4,000 on 14 steamers who wanted to watch the action. [30]
Bundesautobahn 96 Cycling (road team time trial) Not listed. [13]
Eiskanal (Augsburg) Canoeing (slalom) 25,000 [31]

Before the Olympics[edit]

At the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Kiel served as host of the sailing events.[32] Munich hosted the World Weightlifting Championships in 1955.[33] Augsburg hosted the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships in 1957 though that course was a natural whitewater course rather than artificial.[34] Jahnstadion was built in 1926 while Urban Stadium was constructed in 1928.[22][24] Ingolstadt's stadium was constructed in 1932 while Rosenaustadion was completed in 1951.[21][23] The handball venues in Böblingen and Augsburg were completed in the mid-1960s.[26][29]

The German Autobahn was first built in the 1930s and expanded in the 1950s following World War II.[35] The A96 route was constructed in the 1960s and expanded in 1970 in time for the 1972 Summer Olympics.[36]

When Munich was selected as host for the 1972 Summer Games in April 1966, an aggressive construction program began.[37][38] Fifteen different sites for the canoe sprint and rowing events were reviewed before Oberschleißheim was selected in April 1969.[39] Temporary venues were set at Englischer Garten and Nymphenburg Palace.[38]

During the Olympics[edit]

At Eiskanal, East Germany won all four canoe slalom events. This was helped because they studied the course in Augsburg the year before and constructed an exact replica of the course in Zwickau.[40]

For the road team time trial cycling event, a 25 km (16 mi) stretch of the A96 was used with the start-finish point south of Munich near the Fürsten-ried section. The teams crossed over to the other side of the autobahn over a specially constructed turn before proceeding back to the start-finish line.[13]

After the Olympics[edit]

Olympiastadion in Munich would be one of nine stadiums to host the FIFA World Cup which took place in 1974, including the final match which host nation West Germany defeated the Netherlands.[41] The Eiskanal in Augsburg hosted the Canoe Slalom World Championships in 1985 and 2003.[34] Schießanlage served as venue host for the ISSF World Shooting Championships in 2010.[42]

Munich is a finalist for the 2018 Winter Olympics. Curling, figure skating, ice hockey, short track speed skating, and speed skating event are planned to take place at Olympiapark.[43] It will work with Garmisch-Partenkirchen, host of the 1936 Winter Olympics who will do all of the snow events, and Schönau am Königssee, whose sliding track plan on doing all of the bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton events as venues for the 2018 Winter Games.[43] This will be determined in July 2011.[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 193-4. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  2. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 192-3. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  3. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. - Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 182-4. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  4. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 180-2. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  5. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 194-7. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  6. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 187-88. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  7. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 184-7. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  8. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 190-1. Accessd 8 November 2010.
  9. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 201-2. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  10. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 142-5. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  11. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 176–7, 212-3. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  12. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 206-7. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  13. ^ a b c 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. pp. 108, 122. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  14. ^ a b c d 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 197-201. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  15. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 204-5. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  16. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 207–8. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  17. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. p. 203. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 121. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  19. ^ a b c d e 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 3. p. 359. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  20. ^ FC-Passau.de stadium profile. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  21. ^ a b Weltfussball.de profile of Tuja Stadion. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  22. ^ a b Soccerway.com profile of Jahnstadion. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  23. ^ a b Rosenaustadion profile. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  24. ^ a b EasyCredit-Stadion profile. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  25. ^ a b c d 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 3. p. 375. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  26. ^ a b Official website. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  27. ^ Ulm.de profile of Donauhalle. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  28. ^ Seating plan of the Hohenstaufenhalle Göppingen. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  29. ^ a b Augsburg.de profile of Sporthalle Augsburg. Accessed 8 November 2010. (German)
  30. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 162-7, 209-11. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  31. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 208-9. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  32. ^ 1936 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 1031-8. Accessed 8 November 2010.
  33. ^ IWF.net listing of World Championships Senior results: 1997-2007. Includes historical database of events: 1891-2007. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  34. ^ a b Sports123.com ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships men's C-1 results: 1949-2009. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  35. ^ Brian's Guide to Getting Around Germany. Includes history of the Autobahn. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  36. ^ A96 information from Bavarian transportation department. Accessed 9 November 2010. (German)
  37. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. pp. 24-5. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  38. ^ a b 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 1. pp. 4-29. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  39. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 106. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  40. ^ Wallechinsky, David and Jaime Loucky (2008). "Canoeing: Men's Kayak Slalom Singles". In The Complete Book of the Olympics: 2008 Edition. London: Aurum Press Limited. p. 485.
  41. ^ FIFA.com World Cup Munich Olympiastadion 7 July 1974 NED-FRG final results. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  42. ^ 2010 ISSF World Shooting Championships preliminary program. Accessed 9 November 2010.
  43. ^ a b c Munich2018.org bid package for the 2018 Winter Olympics. Accessed 9 November 2010. (English) & (German)