The Krylatskoye Canoeing and Rowing Basin venue in March 2008. It hosted the canoeing and rowing competitions for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
For the 1980 Summer Olympics, a total of twenty-eight sports venues were used. The first venue used for the Games was built in 1923. With the creation of the Spartakiad in Moscow in 1928, more venues were constructed. Central Lenin Stadium Grand Arena was built in 1956 for that year's versions of the Spartkiad. A plan in 1971 to construct more sports venues by 1990 was initiated, but accelerated in 1974 when Moscow was awarded the 1980 Games. The new venues to be used for the Games were completed in 1979. During the Games themselves at the permamnent road cycling venue, the first ever constructed, the largest margin of victory was recorded in the individual road race cycling event since 1928. The Grand Arena hosted the football final that was played in a rainstorm for the third straight Olympics. After the 1991 break of the Soviet Union, the venues in Kiev, Minsk, and Tallinn would be located in Ukraine, Belarus, and Estonia, respectively. Luzhniki Stadium, formerly Grand Arena, continues to be used, and it was affected by the Luzhniki disaster in 1982. The stadium served as host for the IAAF World Championships in Athletics in 2013. Another venue, the Moscow Canoeing and Rowing Basin, will serve as host to the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships in 2014. In December 2010, Russia was awarded the 2018 FIFA World Cup with Luzhniki Stadium and Dynamo Stadium proposed as venues for those events.
The oldest venue for the games was Republican Stadium in Kiev, which was constructed in 1923. Dymano Central Stadium's Grand Arena in Moscow was constructed in 1928 for the first Spartakiad. Young Pioneers Stadium was constructed between 1932 and 1934. For the 1956 Spartakiad, four venues were constructed, most notably Central Lenin Stadium Grand Arena (now Luzhniki Stadium) in 1956. The Canoeing and Rowing Basin was constructed in 1973 for the European Rowing Championships. Moscow first bid for the Olympic Games in 1970 for the 1976 Summer Olympics, losing out to Montreal. Four years later, it beat out Los Angeles for the 1980 Summer Games. One of the new venues constructed was the cycling circuit at the Krylatskoye Sports Ciruit that was the first permanent venue for road cycling. Plans to build some of the venues used for the 1980 Games were in place in 1971 with expected completion to be in 1990, a year before the fall of the Soviet Union. These were done in six different venues and the new venues were completed by 1979.
The men's individual road race cycling event featured the largest margin of victory in the event since 1928 when gold medalist Sergei Sukhoruchenkov of the Soviet Union pulled away from the pack with 20 mi (32 km) remaining though that event was an individual time trial event. At the Olimpiysky Sports Complex Swimming Pool during the men's springboard diving final, the noise of the men's 100 m butterfly which was going on at the same time, created issues during one Soviet diver Aleksandr Portnov's dives. Portnov turned a two-and-a-half backward somersault into a belly flop. He protested immediately, was awarded as redive which he did perfectly. Protests from divers representing East Germany, Italy, and Mexico followed, but they were disallowed. The medal ceremony was delayed two days until FINA could make its decision which it let Portnov keep his gold. This resulted in protests outside of the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City because of the decision. Luzhniki hosted the football final that was held for the third straight Olympics in a rainstorm. In that final, Czechoslovakia defeated East Germany 1-0 in a game that had four cautions and two expulsions.