|Counties||Johnson, Ellis City Type: Rural|
|• Total||2.3 sq mi (5.9 km2)|
|• Land||2.3 sq mi (5.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||666 ft (203 m)|
|• Density||1,287.0/sq mi (501.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1349239|
It was originally named Gossip, until its development in the late 1880s. A man by the name of J.C. Smythe purchased 80 acres (320,000 m2) of abandoned cornfields in the northeastern corner of Johnson County and began to plan a townsite. He named his new town Venus, after the daughter of a local doctor. By 1888 the new town had a post office and a population of around ten residents. Being at the junction of two major railroads, Venus prospered and for a time was one of the fastest growing communities in Johnson County. By the 1920s, Venus had its own schools (including a small college), several businesses, a weekly newspaper (Venus Express), and a population which exceeded 800.
The Great Depression had massive negative impact, however, and in the 1930s the town began to decline. Growth of the D/FW Metroplex just to the north hastened its decline, with many of its residents relocating to the growing urban area in search of work. By 1940 the population had fallen to 200 and the only remaining operating business was the drug store.
Venus began to recover somewhat in the late 1940s however, and the population soon increased back to over 300. Growth was slow but steady throughout the remainder of the 20th century and by 1990, there were 977 residents and the town had spread into neighboring Ellis County. The 2000 census listed the population at 910, but recent estimates suggest that this figure has more than doubled and Venus now has a population of over 2,100; due largely to the southward expansion of the Metroplex.
As of the census of 2000, there were 910 people, 332 households, and 246 families residing in the town. The population density was 398.6 people per square mile (154.1/km²). There were 344 housing units at an average density of 150.7 per square mile (58.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 84.84% White, 1.54% African American, 0.44% Native American, 5.82% Asian, 4.51% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.19% of the population.
There were 332 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the town the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,917, and the median income for a family was $48,906. Males had a median income of $31,731 versus $24,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,213. About 6.7% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.
Most of Venus is served by the Venus Independent School District. The small portion of Venus that lies in Ellis County is served by the Midlothian Independent School District or Maypearl Independent School District.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.