Vera Vasiliyevna Anisimova (Russian: Вера Васильевна Анисимова; born 25 May 1952 in Moscow) is a Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the 100 metres.
Anisimova trained at the Armed Forces sports society in Moscow. She competed for USSR in the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal, Canada in the 4 x 100 metres where she won the bronze medal with her team mates Tatyana Prorochenko, Lyudmila Maslakova and Nadezhda Besfamilnaya.
She returned for Soviet Union in the 1980 Summer Olympics held in Moscow, in the 4 x 100 metres where she again teamed up with Liudmila Zharkova-Maslakova where she won the silver medal with her team mates Vera Komisova, and Natalya Bochina.
- 1938: Germany (Kohl, Krauß, Albus, Kühnel)
- 1946: Netherlands (van der Kade-Koudijs, Witziers-Timmer, Adema, Blankers-Koen)
- 1950: Great Britain (Hay, Desforges, Hall, Foulds)
- 1954: Soviet Union (Krepkina, Uliskina, Itkina, Turova)
- 1958: Soviet Union (Krepkina, Kepp, Polyakova, Maslovskaya)
- 1962: Poland (Ciepły, Sobotta, Szyroka, Piątkowska)
- 1966: Poland (Bednarek, Straszynska, Kirszenstein, Kłobukowska)
- 1969: East Germany (Höfer, Meissner, Podeswa, Vogt)
- 1971: West Germany (Schittenhelm, Helten, Irrgang, Mickler)
- 1974: East Germany (Maletzki, Stecher, Heinich, Eckert)
- 1978: Soviet Union (Anisimova, Maslakova, Kondratyeva, Storozhkova)
- 1982: East Germany (Walther, Eckert, Rieger, Göhr)
- 1986: East Germany (Gladisch, Rieger, Brestrich-Auerswald, Göhr)
- 1990: East Germany (Möller, Krabbe, Behrendt, Günther)
- 1994: Germany (Paschke, Knoll, Zipp, Lichtenhagen)
- 1998: France (Benth, Bangué, Félix, Arron)
- 2002: France (Combe, Hurtis, Félix, Sidibé)
- 2006: Russia (Gushchina, Rusakova, Khabarova, Grigoryeva)
- 2010: Ukraine (Povh, Pohrebnyak, Ryemyen, Bryzghina)
- 2012: Germany (Günther, Cibis, Pinto, Sailer)
- 2014: Great Britain (Philip, Nelson, Williams, Henry)