Verdal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the wine grape varieties that are also known as Verdal, see Verdal (grape).
Verdal kommune
Municipality
Verdal1-2007.jpg
Coat of arms of Verdal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Verdal kommune
Nord-Trøndelag within
Norway
Verdal within Nord-Trøndelag
Verdal within Nord-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°47′53″N 11°56′57″E / 63.79806°N 11.94917°E / 63.79806; 11.94917Coordinates: 63°47′53″N 11°56′57″E / 63.79806°N 11.94917°E / 63.79806; 11.94917
Country Norway
County Nord-Trøndelag
District Innherad
Administrative centre Verdalsøra
Government
 • Mayor (2005) Bjørn Iversen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 1,547.73 km2 (597.58 sq mi)
 • Land 1,479.49 km2 (571.23 sq mi)
 • Water 68.24 km2 (26.35 sq mi)
Area rank 48 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total 14,334
 • Rank 73 in Norway
 • Density 9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.1 %
Demonym Verdaling[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1721
Official language form Neutral
Website www.verdal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Verdal is a municipality in Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Innherad region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Verdalsøra. Other villages in the municipality include Forbregd/Lein, Lysthaugen, Stiklestad, Trones, Vera, Vinne, and Vuku.

General information[edit]

The municipality of Værdalen was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It is one of very few municipalities in Norway with unchanged borders since that date, although the spelling of the name was modified to Verdal.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Veradalr (from the word Verardalr). The first element is the genitive case of the river name Ver (now called Verdalselva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The meaning of the river name is probably "the quiet one". The name was historically spelled Værdalen.[3]

See also: Verran

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 15 December 1972. They show a gold cross on a red background. The cross is taken from a large painting in the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, in which the death of King Olav Haraldsson (Saint Olaf) is shown. He died in the Battle of Stiklestad, the site of which is in Verdal municipality. In the painting, he holds a shield with the typical cross. To commemorate the battle, the cross was taken as arms for the municipality.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Verdal. It is part of the Sør-Innherad deanery and the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Verdal
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Location
of the Church
Year Built
Stiklestad Stiklestad Church Stiklestad 1180
Verdalsøra Chapel Verdalsøra 1969
Vera Vera Chapel Vera 1899
Vinne Vinne Church Vinne 1817
Vuku Vuku Church Vuku 1655

History[edit]

Battle of Stiklestad[edit]

Main article: Battle of Stiklestad

The most famous battle in Norwegian history, the Battle of Stiklestad, took place at Stiklestad in Verdal in the year 1030. The Stiklestad Church was built afterwards at the place where St. Olaf died during the battle.

Verdalsraset[edit]

Early on the night of 19 May 1893, the most deadly landslide in modern Norwegian history, known as Verdalsraset, took place in Verdal. It killed 116 people and at least 500 animals when approximately 100 farms were swept away. A wet winter and several spring floods in the river made the quick clay under the topsoil in a large area of the valley turn into a fluid. The slide moved about 60,000,000 cubic metres (78,000,000 cu yd) of clay, completely reshaping the topography of the area, including moving the course of the river.[5]

Geography[edit]

Part of the Verdal river (Verdalselva).

Verdal is centered around the Verdal valley. The river Verdalselva runs through the valley into the Trondheimsfjord at Verdalsøra. The rivers Helgåa and Inna join together at Vuku to form the Verdalselva. The lake Veresvatnet flows into the river Helgåa and the lake Innsvatnet flows into the river Inna. The large lake Leksdalsvatnet lies on the Verdal-Steinkjer border. The southern tip of the large Blåfjella–Skjækerfjella National Park lies in the northeastern part of Verdal. Rinnleiret is a beach area along the Levanger-Verdal border in the west.

Economy[edit]

Offshore industry (Aker Verdal) and agriculture are two of the most important parts of Verdal's economy. Despite its small size, Verdal is a municipality with great personality and cultural integrity. After several lottery grand prizes were received by some lucky inhabitants of Verdal, it is also known as one of the great "Lotto-bygds" of Norway (Small places with high a concentration of lottery wins in the national game of Lotto).

Transportation[edit]

The European route E6 highway runs north and south through Verdalsøra connecting the municipality with Steinkjer to the north and Levanger to the south. The Nordlandsbanen railway line also runs north and south through the municipality. There are two stations in Verdal: Verdal Station in Verdalsøra and Bergsgrav Station in Vinne.

Culture[edit]

Verdal is also famous for the cultural phenomenon of the "råner" subculture. This culture is known for young people interested in cars, spending most of their time improving, enhancing, and styling their cars, and then driving them for display on a particular route around the town centre. This is not only positive, as they do show some general disregard for common laws and regulations. People living in the town center are at times bothered by noise, usually music being played at high volumes from their cars.[citation needed]

Cultural events include the grand Olavsfestival every July, commemorating Saint Olaf who fell here in the Battle of Stiklestad on 29 July 1030.

Stiklestad area, 30 August 2003

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 117. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  5. ^ "Verdalsraset" (in Norwegian). Geoportalen.no. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 

External links[edit]