Verhofstadt II Government
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politics and government of
It was the second government headed by Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt (VLD). It was formed after the 2003 general election. It consisted of the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD), the French-speaking Liberal Reformist Party (MR), the Flemish Socialist Party (SP.a) and the French-speaking Socialist Party (PS). Because it comprised liberals and socialists it was also known as a "purple" coalition. It was a continuation of the Verhofstadt I Government but without the Green parties.
Original Composition 2003-2004
|Prime Minister||Guy Verhofstadt||VLD|
|Deputy Prime Minister - Justice||Laurette Onkelinx||PS|
|Deputy Prime Minister - Foreign Affairs||Louis Michel||MR|
|Deputy Prime Minister – Budget and Public Enterprises||Johan Vande Lanotte||SP.a|
|Deputy Prime Minister - Interior||Patrick Dewael||VLD|
|Labour and Pensions||Frank Vandenbroucke||SP.a|
|Development Cooperation||Marc Verwilghen||VLD|
|Economy, Energy, Foreign Trade and Scientific Research||Fientje Moerman||VLD|
|Social Affairs and Public Health||Rudy Demotte||PS|
|Mobility and Social Economy||Bert Anciaux||SP.a – Spirit|
|Civil Service, Integration and Large Cities||Marie Arena||PS|
|Middle Class and Agriculture||Sabine Laruelle||MR|
|Environment, Consumers protection and Sustainable Development||Freya Van den Bossche||SP.a|
|Secretary of State||Name||Party|
|European Affairs||Jacques Simonet||MR|
|Modernization of Finance and the battle against Fiscal Fraud||Hervé Jamar||MR|
|Organization of Labour and Welfare on the workplace||Anissa Temsamani||SP.a|
|Family and Persons with a handicap||Isabelle Simonis||PS|
|Administrative simplification||Vincent Van Quickenborne||VLD|
- On September 25, 2003 Temsamani had to resign because she had lied about a diploma she received
- On February 12, 2004 Jacques Simonet resigned to become Minister-President of Brussels, he was replaced by Didier Donfut (PS).
Composition after the 2004 Regional elections
The 2004 Regional elections saw a fundamental reshuffle to the federal government as various federal ministers joined regional governments after these elections. The federal government after this date is often called Verhofstadt IIbis.
- Louis Michel became European Commissioner and was replaced as Deputy Prime Minister by Didier Reynders and as Foreign Minister by Karel De Gucht (VLD).
- Frank Vandenbroucke joined the Flemish Government and was replaced as minister of Labour by Freya Van den Bossche who kept Consumer Affairs. Bruno Tobback (SP.a) became minister taking over Environment from Freya Van den Bossche and Pensions from Vandenbroucke.
- Fientje Moerman joined the Flemish Government and was replaced as minister for Economy, Energy, Foreign Trade and Scientific Research by Marc Verwilghen, who in turn was succeeded as minister of Development Cooperation by Armand De Decker (MR).
- Bert Anciaux joined the Flemish Government and was succeeded as minister for Mobility by Renaat Landuyt (SP.a)
- Marie Arena became Minister-President of the French Community government and was replaced as minister by Christian Dupont (PS)
- Els Van Weert (Spirit) became state secretary for Sustainable Development
- Isabelle Simonis was replaced by Gisèle Mandaila Malamba (MR) as state secretary for Family and Persons with a handicap
- On October 15, 2005 Johan Vande Lanotte resigned to become Chairman of the SP.a. He was replaced as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for the Budget by Freya Van den Bossche, who kept Consumer Affairs. Peter Vanvelthoven was promoted to Minister of Labour and Informatisation and Bruno Tuybens (SP.a) became state secretary for Public Enterprises.
- After the 2007 general elections the Verhofstadt II Government functioned as a caretaker government until December 2007. During that periode the following reshuffling took place:
- On July 15, 2007 Armand De Decker became Chairman of the Belgian Senate. His competence (Development Cooperation) was taken over by Sabine Laruelle and Hervé Jamar was promoted to minister.
- On July 2007 Rudy Demotte became Minister-President of the Walloon Government. His competences were taken over by Didier Donfut, who was promoted to minister.