Verilog-AMS is a derivative of the Verilog hardware description language. It includes analog and mixed-signal extensions (AMS) in order to define the behavior of analog and mixed-signal systems. It extends the event-based simulator loops of Verilog/SystemVerilog/VHDL, by a continuous-time simulator, which solves the differential equations in analog-domain. Both domains are coupled: analog events can trigger digital actions and vice versa.
The Verilog-AMS standard was created with the intent of enabling designers of analog and mixed signal systems and integrated circuits to create and use modules that encapsulate high-level behavioral descriptions as well as structural descriptions of systems and components.
Verilog-AMS is an industry standard modeling language for mixed signal circuits. It provides both continuous-time and event-driven modeling semantics, and so is suitable for analog, digital, and mixed analog/digital circuits. It is particularly well suited for verification of very complex analog, mixed-signal and RF integrated circuits.
Verilog and Verilog/AMS are not procedural programming languages, but event-based hardware description languages (HDLs). As such, they provide sophisticated and powerful language features for definition and synchronization of parallel actions and events. On the other hand, many actions defined in HDL program statements can run in parallel (somewhat similar to threads and tasklets in procedural languages, but much more fine-grained). However, Verilog/AMS can be coupled with procedural languages like the ANSI C language using the Verilog Procedural Interface of the simulator, which eases testsuite implementation, and allows interaction with legacy code or testbench equipment.
The original intention of the Verilog-AMS committee was a single language for both analog and digital design, however due to delays in the merger process it remains at Accellera while Verilog evolved into SystemVerilog and went to the IEEE.
The following code example in Verilog-AMS shows a DAC which is an example for analog processing which is triggered by a digital signal:
`include "constants.vams" `include "disciplines.vams" // Simple DAC model module dac_simple(aout, clk, din, vref); // Parameters parameter integer bits = 4 from [1:24]; parameter integer td = 1n from[0:inf); // Processing delay of the DAC // Define input/output input clk, vref; input [bits-1:0] din; output aout; //Define port types logic clk; logic [bits-1:0] din; electrical aout, vref; // Internal variables real aout_new, ref; integer i; // Change signal in the analog part analog begin @(initial_step) V(aout) <+ 0; // Set output to 0 when the simulation starts @(posedge clk) begin // Change output only for rising clock edge aout_new = 0; ref = V(vref); for(i=0; i<bits; i=i+1) begin ref = ref/2; aout_new = aout_new + ref * din[i]; end end V(aout) <+ transition(aout_new, td, 5n); // Get a smoother transition when output level changes end endmodule
The ADC model is reading analog signals in the digital blocks:
`include "constants.vams" `include "disciplines.vams" // Simple ADC model module adc_simple(clk, dout, vref, vin); // Parameters parameter integer bits = 4 from[1:24]; // Number of bits parameter integer td = 1 from[0:inf); // Processing delay of the ADC // Define input/output input clk, vin, vref; output [bits-1:0] dout; //Define port types electrical vref, vin; logic clk; reg [bits-1:0] dout; // Internal variables real ref, sample; integer i; initial begin dout = 0; end // Perform sampling in the digital blocks for rising clock edge always @(posedge clk) begin sample = V(vin); ref = V(vref); for(i=0; i<bits; i=i+1) begin ref = ref/2; if(sample > ref) begin dout[i] <= #(td) 1; sample = sample - ref; end else dout[i] <= #(td) 0; end end endmodule
- Scheduling semantics are specified in the Verilog/AMS Language Reference Manual, section 8.
- Accellera Verilog Analog Mixed-Signal Group, "Overview," http://www.verilog.org/verilog-ams/htmlpages/overview.html
- Verilog-AMS Language Reference Manual
- The Designer's Guide to Verilog-AMS
- Verification of Complex Analog Integrated Circuits
- I. Miller and T. Cassagnes, "Verilog-AMS Eases Mixed Mode Signal Simulation," Technical Proceedings of the 2000 International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, pp. 305–308, Available: http://www.nsti.org/publ/MSM2000/T31.01.pdf
- Accellera Verilog Analog Mixed-Signal Group
- The Designer's Guide Community, Verilog-A/MS — Examples of models written in Verilog-AMS]
- EDA.ORG AMS Wiki - Issues, future development, SystemVerilog integration