Supreme Council of Crimea

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  • State Council of Crimea
  • Верховный Совет Крыма
  • Qırım Yuqarı Radası
  • Верховна Рада Криму
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Meeting place
Verkhovna Rada of Crimea.gif
Building of the Supreme Council of Crimea, Simferopol
Website
www.rada.crimea.ua
Emblem of Crimea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Autonomous Republic
of Crimea
See also
Republic of Crimea
Politics of Ukraine

The Supreme Council of Crimea is the parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. On 15 March 2014 Ukrainian parliament dissolved the Supreme Council of Crimea[1][2][3]

Crimea is a territory currently under dispute by Russia and Ukraine. The parliament is referred to as Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (sometimes translated as Verkhovna Rada of Crimea or as Supreme Rada of Crimea) (Ukrainian: Верховна Рада Автономної Республіки Крим; Russian: Верховный Совет Автономной Республики Крым; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyetiniñ Yuqarı Radası) while in Russian context it is referred to as State Council of the Republic of Crimea (Russian: Госуда́рственный Сове́т Респу́блики Крым, Ukrainian: Державна Рада Республіки Крим, Crimean Tatar: Къырым Джумхуриетининъ Девлет Шурасы).[4] The Parliament is housed in the Parliament building in the center of Simferopol.

During the period of time in which Crimea was controlled by Ukraine, the Parliament was unable to appoint the Prime Minister of Crimea on its own, being able to appoint him only with the advice and consent of the President of Ukraine. This restriction did not sit well with the Parliament and its constituents, creating a long standing rift between them and the national government of Ukraine.

As the Crimean crisis unfolded, the Parliament building was seized by unidentified pro-Russian gunmen. Under their control, the Parliament removed the incumbent Ukrainian-consented Prime Minister of Crimea and unilaterally appointed Sergey Aksyonov in his stead. The disbandment was also caused by the belief that the Crimean Parliament collaborated with Russian troops in the region against Ukrainian authorities.[5] Days later,[quantify] the Crimean Parliament reunified its territorial jurisdiction with the city of Sevastopol into a single united nation and unilaterally declared their independence from Ukraine following a referendum that reflected such desire. This newly formed nation then acceded to Russia which ultimately transferred the Crimean Parliament under a newly formed federal subject of Russia.

However, Ukraine and the majority of the international community do not recognize the formation of this newly formed federal subject and continue to consider the Crimean Parliament as an entity under Ukraine's jurisdiction, even after it disbanded it.

History[edit]

1998 to 2014[edit]

The Supreme Council of Crimea is regulated according to a legislation passed by the Ukrainian parliament on 10 February 1998.[6] The parliament lacks the right of initiative but is authorized to fix its own election date under the Crimean constitution.[7][8][9]

The way Council members are elected has been changed several times. Since the 1998 elections, a majoritarian system[which?] has been introduced that does not ensure the proper proportional representation of Crimean minorities in the Council, especially that of Crimean Tatars.[further explanation needed][10]

In the wake of the Crimean crisis[edit]

On 27 February 2014, during the 2014 Crimean crisis, Refat Chubarov, leader of Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People and member of the Council of Ministers of Crimea, said that unknown gunmen seized the Building of the Supreme Council of Crimea on Karl Marx Street and the building of the Council of Ministers on Kirov Avenue in Simferopol.[11]

Fifty gunmen occupied the building of the Crimean legislature, barricaded the building and installed machine guns at the front entrance.[citation needed] Roman Sohn from the EUobserver wrote that, "[the gunmen] let in [the Speaker of the Parliament] and the members of the presidium of the Crimean legislature, while denying entry to officials of its executive office."[12]

The Council then proceeded to hold an emergency session and passed a motion of no confidence in the Council of Ministers and adopted a resolution to terminate its powers.[11] Such session, however, was described as being, "under siege and in violation of all due process" by Roman Sohn from the EUobserver.[12] The parliament dismissed the Chairman and Prime Minister of Crimea, Anatolii Mohyliov, pursuant to Article 136 of the Constitution of Ukraine, and replaced him de facto with Sergey Aksyonov, a local businessman.[12] This act has sparked some debate in the international community, as the Constitution of Ukraine establishes that the Council can only appoint the Prime Minister in consultation with the President of Ukraine.[13][14] The contention strives on disagreements on who is the actual legitimate President of Ukraine, with the newly installed government in Ukraine considering the newly installed Oleksandr Turchynov as the incumbent Acting President, while the Council considers Turchynov's appointment as illegitimate.

The Council then voted to hold a referendum on the independence of Crimea on 25 May 2014.[15] Olha Sulnikova, head of information and analysis department of parliament, reported on the phone from inside the parliamentary building that 61 of the registered 64 deputies had voted for the referendum resolution and 55 for the resolution to dismiss the government.[16] According to another source three members of all the 64 members of the supreme council could not vote for the Crimean referendum as their voting cards did not work in the system[citation needed].

Interfax-Ukraine reported "it is impossible to find out whether all the 64 members of the 100-member legislature who were registered as present, when the two decisions were voted on or whether someone else used the plastic voting cards of some of them" because due to the armed occupation of parliament it was unclear how many members of parliament were present.[16] The Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten suggested in an article from the 9th of March, that 36 members had been present at the voting procedure.[17] Enver Abduraimov, member of the parliament presidium, said that he did not go inside when he saw that raiders who secured the building were confiscating all communications devices from deputies. Andriy Krysko, head of the Crimean branch of the Voters Committee of Ukraine, announced that no one from the parliament secretariat was in the building when voting took place.[16]

Vladimir Konstantinov, Chairman of the Supreme Council of Crimea, and the new de facto Prime Minister, Sergey Aksyonov, announced that they refused to recognize the dismissal of Viktor Yanukovych as President of Ukraine, and viewed him as legitimate.[18][19] Aksyonov added "we will follow his directions".[20]

On 1 March 2014, the Acting President of Ukraine, Oleksandr Turchynov, signed a decree declaring the appointment of Sergei Aksyonov unconstitutional.[21]

On 15 March 2014, Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada dissolved the Supreme Council of Crimea. A total of 278 MPs, out of 296 registered for the meeting on Saturday, voted for the relevant decree.[22]

Latest composition[edit]

Crimean-parliament-breakdown-2010.svg

Powers and authorities[edit]

The Council has the power to solve any and all matters under the Constitution of Ukraine, the Constitution of Crimea, and Ukrainian laws within the terms of reference of the Autonomous Republic, except those that are required to be solved by a local referendum, or by the Council of Ministers of Crimea and other executive bodies of the republic.[23]

The Council's specific powers are as follows:[23]

  1. Adopt the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, together with submittal of the same for approval by the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and of statutory acts, with making alterations of and amendments to the same, and elucidation of their application procedure; determination of procedure and securing of control over the implementation of the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within its terms of reference;
  2. Call a regular election of the members of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and approval of the composition of the election committee of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  3. Pass a resolution upon holding of a republican (local) referendum
  4. Determine the procedure of administration of the assets owned by the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  5. Determine the procedure of administration of the assets entered in the account books of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  6. Determine the list of the assets of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea subject and not subject to privatisation
  7. Approve the budget of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and make alterations of the same, control the implementation of the budget, and pass a resolution upon the budget implementation report
  8. Establish the Chamber of Accounts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in order to exercise the control, on behalf and in the name of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, over the use by executive bodies of the budgetary funds of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; appoint and remove the chairman of the Chamber of Accounts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea at the request of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  9. Set taxes and tax benefits under Ukrainian laws
  10. Pass, upon the motion of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, resolutions upon the issue of local loans
  11. Determine, upon the motion of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the procedure of establishment of special purpose funds (inclusive of foreign currency funds), approve of regulations regarding such funds, control the use of such funds and approve of reports upon the use of such funds
  12. Adopt, upon the submittal by the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, he programmes of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea for socio-economic and cultural development, rational nature management and environmental protection in keeping with respective national programmes, making alterations of the same and control over the implementation of such programmes
  13. Resolve administrative-territorial system matters under Ukrainian laws; acknowledge of the resort status of localities, establish of sanitary protection zones of resorts, resolve matters of organisation and development of resort-and-recreation sphere and tourism
  14. Resolve, within the terms of reference of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, matters of securing civil rights and freedoms and national concord, and assist with the observance and maintenance of law and order and public security
  15. Resolve, within the terms of reference of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, matters of securing the application and development of the official language, Russian, Crimean Tatar and other ethnic languages and cultures in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, protection and use of historical and cultural monuments and landmarks, and determine which language the business and documents shall be done, carried out and executed by republican bodies
  16. Participate in the building of the basic principles of the domestic policy, foreign-economic and foreign policy activity of Ukraine in matters regarding the interests of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  17. Elect the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the first vice-chairman and the vice-chairman and dismissal of the same
  18. Form the Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the standing and interim committees of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and election of the chairmen of standing and interim committees
  19. Approve of the Regulations of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, making alterations thereof and amendments thereto
  20. Control the staff of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, approve of its structure, size and estimate of the staff upkeep expenditures; determine the procedure of organisation and activity of the staff; appointment and dismissal, at the request of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, of the chief of the Secretariat and the administrator of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  21. Appoint and dismiss, at the request of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea under the Constitution of Ukraine and Ukrainian laws
  22. Appoint, at the request of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the vice-chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, ministers and the chairmen of the republican committees of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  23. Approve, at the request of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, of the structure and size of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, its staff and estimate of the staff upkeep expenditures
  24. Establish and liquidation, upon the motion of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, of the ministries and republican committees of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within the funds allocated from the budget of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  25. Dismiss, upon the grounds and in accordance with the procedure provided for by the Constitution of Ukraine, Ukrainian laws, the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the members of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  26. Hold hearings of information about the activity, endorsement of appointment and dismissal of the chief of the General Board of the Ministry of the Interior of Ukraine in Crimea, the chief of the General Board of Justice of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the director general of the State Broadcasting Company Krym
  27. Endorse the appointment of the Public Prosecutor of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  28. Suspend the decrees and orders of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea regarding the discharge of state duties and exercise of state powers in the events where such decrees and orders should contradict the Constitution of Ukraine and Ukrainian laws, the acts of the President of Ukraine and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, applying simultaneously to the President of Ukraine for repeal of such decrees and orders
  29. Repeal the decrees and orders of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea upon the matters coming within the terms of reference of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the events where such decrees and orders should contradict the Constitution of Ukraine, the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukrainian laws and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  30. Initiate the declaration of a state of emergency and establishment of environmental hazard areas in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea or its specific localities in cases provided for by Ukrainian legislation
  31. Hearing, not more than twice a year, the reports of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the members of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  32. Pass resolutions of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea regarding the dismissal of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and other members of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea due to a vote of no confidence. In the event where a resolution upon the dismissal of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea should be passed due to vote of no confidence by a simple majority of votes of the total membership of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be dismissed in accordance with the procedure provided for by the Constitution of Ukraine. Pursuant to the Law of Ukraine On the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, in the event where a resolution upon the dismissal of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea should be passed due to vote of no confidence by two-thirds of votes of the total membership of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the President of Ukraine shall agree to the dismissal of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  33. Establish republican mass media
  34. Resolve, within the powers conferred upon the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea by the Constitution of Ukraine and Ukrainian laws, any and all matters regarding land relations, use of natural resources, amount of payment for the use of natural resources and other matters
  35. Approve symbols, institution of the Diploma and the Diploma of Honour of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, titles of honour and other distinctions of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea under Ukrainian legislation
  36. Hold hearings of the reports of committees, chiefs of any and all bodies established, elected and/or formed by the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and functionaries appointed, elected or approved by the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  37. Consider, under the Law of Ukraine on the status of member of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, members' enquiries and passing of resolutions thereupon
  38. Pass, pursuant to Ukrainian laws, resolutions upon the establishment of areas and units of the nature reserve pool of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and other specially protected areas and upon the declaration of nature and other units of historical, cultural, ecological or scientific value historical and/or cultural monuments and/or landmarks protected by law;
  39. Determine the procedure of conclusion and approval of treaties and agreements on behalf and in the name of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea upon any and all matters coming within the terms of reference the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and the ratification of such treaties and agreements

The Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall also exercise any and all other powers as may be conferred upon it by the Constitution of Ukraine and Ukrainian laws, as well as those conferred upon it by the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

Internal Procedure[edit]

The Council is also governed by its own internal rules, adopted on 30 June 1998 and subsequently amended.[24]

All legal acts of the Council must be published and promulgated in Ukrainian, Russian, and Crimean Tatar.[24] Common and every day work must be written in Russian, while correspondence to Ukraine must be written in the state language selected by Ukraine. Legal drafts and other acts may be submitted in Russian, Ukrainian, or Crimean Tatar but the Secretary must then translate them into the language required by its respective proceeding.[24]

All sessions, including those of its Presidium and committees, must be transparent and open to the general public, except those restricted by other laws and regulations. The Council may, however, choose to conduct its business confidentially if and only if a majority of the members of the total composition of the body vote to do so in such manner.[verification needed][source needs translation][24]

At the first plenary session of the Council, the Chief Electoral Officer of Crimea orders members of parliament to form factions and coalitions. The formation of parliamentary factions and coalitions is conducted in accordance with the Ukrainian law that regulate the procedure specifically for Crimea.

Plenary sessions are conducted if and only if attended by more than half of the deputies of the total composition of the Council.

Voting can be conducted openly, by roll-call, or in secret by using an electronic voting system or ballots.

Membership[edit]

The Constitution of Crimea establishes that in order to aspire to be a member of the Council one must:[25]

  • enjoy the right to vote,
  • have attained 18 years of age as at the day of election, and
  • have resided in Ukraine for at least five years.

No individual with a record of deliberate crime, if no such criminal record has been quashed and expunged in accordance with the procedure established by law, shall be elected member of the Council.

Elections for the Council are held every five years with the last election held in October 2010. The next election was scheduled for somewhen in 2014 but its current status is unknown due to the ongoing Crimean crisis.

Members are elected for a five-years term.[26]

Members of parliament are characterized into two main groups: those elected to represent a single-member district on first-past-the-post and those elected to represent multiseat districts on single non-transferable vote.[original research?] For this purpose, Crimea is divided into 50 districts all with a similar size in terms of population.[original research?] The other 50 represent multiseat districts.[original research?] Both groups serve alongside each other with equal rights and powers.

Factions[edit]

Factions are a form of association of members of parliament legally recognized by the Council. They are formed on the basis of personal written statements of deputies elected in multi-member constituencies and single-mandate majoritarian constituencies for elections of deputies of the Council from Republican organizations of political parties.

Officers[edit]

The Council is presided by a Presidium composed by the Chairman, a First Deputy Chairman, and a Deputy Chairman as ex-officio members.

Presidium[edit]

The Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be formed for purposes of coordination of the business of the bodies of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, assistance to the members of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea with execution of their duties, preparation of sessions and exercise of other powers.

The Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be composed, ex officio, of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the first vice-chairman and vice-chairman, together with the chairmen of the standing committees of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be headed by the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The proceedings of the Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be determined under the Constitution of Ukraine, Ukrainian laws, the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Regulations of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and other statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

  1. The Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall:
    • convene sessions of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and manage the preparation of the same;
    • make up the draft agenda and submit it for approval by the session of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
    • coordinate the business of the bodies of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
    • provide the registration and official promulgation of the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; and
    • institute the Diploma of Honour of the Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
  2. The Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall also exercise any and all other organisational powers as may be delegated to it under the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
  3. The Presidium of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall, at least once a year, report to the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea upon the work performed.

Chairman[edit]

The Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall, at its first session, elect, by secret ballot and from among its members, the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall represent the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea before the President of Ukraine, the Supreme Rada of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, Ukraine's central and local public authorities, the bodies of local self-government, enterprises, establishments and organisations, citizens and citizens' associations; the functionaries and bodies of other states, their regions, citizens' associations, establishments and organisations; before any and all international organisations; and the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall manage the activity of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall:

  1. chair at the meetings of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and its Presidium, provide the preparation of meetings and organise the control over the implementation of the resolutions and statements of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the resolutions of its Presidium;
  2. nominate candidates for the positions of first vice-chairman and vice-chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, chairmen of the standing committees of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and for any and all other positions provided for by the legislation now in force;
  3. approve, by a resolution of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the staff list within the estimate of expenditures of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  4. manage in general the preparation of matters subject to consideration by the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  5. sign the statutory and other acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, treaties and agreements upon any and all matters coming within the terms of reference of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in accordance with the procedure determined by the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea pursuant to Ukrainian laws;
  6. present to the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea the candidate for the position of Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  7. invest the recipients with the Diploma and the Diploma of Honour of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and its Presidium, as well as with other distinctions of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  8. convene an extraordinary session of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  9. nominate candidates for the positions of chief of the Secretariat and administrator of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
  10. endorse the appointment and dismissal of deputy chiefs of the General Board of the Ministry of the Interior of Ukraine in Crimea, chiefs of city and district offices of the Interior of the General Board of the Ministry of the Interior of Ukraine in Crimea, deputy chiefs of the General Board of Justice of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the chairman and vice-chairmen of the State Tax Administration in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and chiefs of district and city state tax inspectorates in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the chief and deputy chiefs of the tax police department in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the chief and deputy chiefs of the Supervisory and Auditing Board in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the chief and deputy chiefs of the Crimean Regional Customs, the chief executive of the Radio and TV Transmitting Centre, and the chairman of the Property Pool of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

Any and all other powers and the proceedings of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, as well as those of the first vice-chairman and the vice-chairman, shall be determined pursuant to the Constitution of Ukraine, Ukrainian laws, the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Regulations of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be accountable and responsible to the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea may be dismissed by the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, if more than a half of the total membership of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea have voted in favour of such dismissal.

The procedure of early dismissal of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be determined by Ukrainian laws, the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Regulations of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall hold office until the opening of the first session of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea of a new convocation, except cases of early termination of powers of the Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

The Chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea may from time to time make prescriptions within the limits of his authority.

First Deputy Chairman[edit]

First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in accordance with the order of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the distribution of responsibilities: assists the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the organization of work for the preparation, adoption and implementing regulations, decisions and other acts of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea, making its Bureau, preparation consideration of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea questions about reports of permanent and temporary commissions of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Executives bodies formed, elected and formed the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; submit proposals to the agenda of the meetings of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea and its Bureau for reference; reviews and approves draft resolutions, decisions and other acts of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea for reference; considers official documents submitted to the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea, on management, signs of resolution to them, gives orders. organize the supervision of execution of judgments, decisions and official commissions of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, decisions and orders of its Bureau, as well as official documents for reference; arrange for the preparation and holding of meetings and other events Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and its organs on reference; organizes the interaction of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic The Council of Ministers of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea, software control of its activity; coordinates the work of the standing committees supervised by the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea; coordinates the monitoring of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the activities of the Accounts Chamber of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea; organizes interaction and control of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic Crimea for activities Ministries and Republican Committee of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, other bodies executive authorities Autonomous Republic Crimea, bodies executive with a special status on the management supervised them standing committees Verkhovna Rada Republic of Crimea; provides organizational support for interregional relations, meetings with officials, representatives, delegations regions of other states, citizens' associations, institutions and organizations; organizes work on issues related to property management belongs to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; replaces the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in his absence; exercise other powers in accordance with the regulations acts of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the decisions of its Presidium, orders and orders of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

Deputy Chairman[edit]

Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in accordance with the order of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the distribution of responsibilities: assists the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the organization of work for the preparation, adoption and implementing regulations, decisions and other acts of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea, making its Bureau, preparation consideration of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea questions about reports of permanent and temporary commissions of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Executives bodies formed, elected and formed the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; submit proposals to the agenda of the meetings of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea and its Bureau for reference; reviews and approves draft resolutions, decisions and other acts of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea for reference; considers official documents submitted to the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea, on management, signs of resolution to them, gives orders; organize the supervision of execution of judgments, decisions and official commissions of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, decisions and orders of its Bureau, as well as official documents for reference; arrange for the preparation and holding of meetings and other events Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and its organs on reference; coordinates the work of the standing committees supervised by the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea; organizes interaction and control of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic Crimea for activities Ministries and Republican Committee of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, other bodies executive authorities Autonomous Republic Crimea, bodies executive with a special status on the management supervised them permanent commissions of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; organizes cooperation with local authorities, rayon state administrations; organizes accommodation, mode of fire protection and security access control in a building of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; provides interaction with citizens' associations, including Republican in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea political offices parties, and the media; competition commission headed by the Secretariat of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea and oversees the certification of civil servants of the Secretariat of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; the Presidency of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea draft decisions on the removal of documents from the control; replaces the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in his absence and the absence of the First Deputy Chairman Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; exercise other powers in accordance with the regulations acts of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the decisions of its Presidium, orders and orders of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

Secretary[edit]

Secretariat session of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: a) registers parliamentary inquiries, inquiries, reports, statements, proposals and other materials to the Verkhovna Rada; organize the work necessary to ensure deputies materials and information; c) provide explanations on the work of the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea is in session; g) organize the work with appeals coming to the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea during the session. 2. Secretariat session may involve the work of experts, consultants. At the initiative of the chairman of the secretariat session (in his absence - Deputy Chairman or Secretary of the session) it provided information on the word for the evening session after the break.

Committees[edit]

The standing and interim committees of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall be the bodies of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea elected from among the members of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea for purposes of study, preliminary consideration and preparation of matters coming within its terms of reference, and also to exercise the control over the implementation of statements and resolutions of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

2. The powers and proceedings of the standing and interim committees shall be determined by the Regulations of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the statutory acts of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 3. With a view to exercising the control over the observance of the Ukrainian privatisation laws, the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall form the Watchdog Committee of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea for Privatisation.

4. The Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea shall, upon any and all matters coming within its terms of reference, establish other bodies and determine their organisational structure, powers and proceedings.

The current committees are:

Current composition[edit]

Current factions[edit]

On 31 October 2010 six factions were formed at the opening session of the new parliament formed after the 2010 Crimean parliamentary election. The current[when?] seats occupied by each faction are as follows:

Party Seats Ratio
Party of Regions[a] 82 82%
Qurultai-Rukh 4 4%
Soyuz 4 4%
Russian Unity 3 3%
Communist Party 3 3%
Not affiliated 3 3%
Vacant 1 1%
Total 100 100%

The Party of regions has announced, that is supports the unity of Ukraine. Its office in the Crimea has been blocked and the [www.regioncrimea.org Party of Regions web page] does not work any more.

Deputies[edit]

The current members of parliament were elected in the parliamentary election of 2010 as follows:[28][29]

      Communist Party        Party of Regions        Qurultai-Rukh        Russian Unity        Union Party
Name Political party Faction District
Enver Abduraimov Non-affiliated Non-affiliated Multiseat electoral district
Sergey Akimov Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea District 43
Sergey Aksyonov Russian Unity Russian Unity Multiseat electoral district
Aleksey Andreyev Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea District 3
Vladimir Arabadzhiyev Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea District 10
Igor Arzhantsev Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea District 16
Anatoliy Avidzba Communist Party Communist Party of Ukraine Multiseat electoral district
Gennadiy Babenko Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea District 19
Konstantin Bakharev Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea Multiseat electoral district
Aleksandr Batalin Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea District 17
Vladimir Belyaev Party of Regions The Regions of Crimea Multiseat electoral district
Refat Chubarov People's Movement of Ukraine Qurultai-Rukh Multiseat electoral district
Valeriy Grinevich Union Party Union Party District 45
Eduard Grivkovskiy Union Party Union Party Multiseat electoral district
Remzi Ilyasov People's Movement of Ukraine Qurultai-Rukh Multiseat electoral district
Gennadiy Narayev Communist Party Communist Party of Ukraine Multiseat electoral district

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to the disputed Russian successor state, all members that were in the Party of Regions are now in the "Region of Crimea" faction.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ VR dissolved the parliament of Crimea. UNIAN. 15 March 2014
  2. ^ In Kiev, Ukraine Parliament Axes Crimea. Forbes. 15 March 2014
  3. ^ Ukraine Votes to Dissolve Crimean Parliament. NBC News. 15 March 2014
  4. ^ "Verkhovna Rada Autonomous Republic of Crimea". Rada.crimea.ua. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  5. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Crimea parliament asks to join Russia". BBC. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "On the Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea" (in Ukrainian). Supreme Council. Retrieved 2006-05-17. 
  7. ^ "The Crimea wants to protect majority principle". Den. 7 October 2003. 
  8. ^ "Crimea prepares amendments to Constitution". ForUm. 21 January 2013. 
  9. ^ "Ukraine's Crimea to hold parliamentary elections on October 31". ITAR-TASS. 4 August 2010. 
  10. ^ "Crimean Election Law and Formation of Political Climate in the Autonomy". Ucipr.kiev.ua. 2002-01-28. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  11. ^ a b "Crimean parliament dismisses autonomous republic's government". Kyiv Post. 27 February 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "The Empire strikes back". EU Observer. 3 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Crimean parliament to decide on appointment of autonomous republic's premier on Tuesday". Interfax Ukraine. 7 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "The new prime minister is the leader of Russian Unity". Ukrayinska Pravda. 27 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Ukraine Alleges Russian 'Invasion' of Crimea as Obama Warns of 'Costs'". CounterCurrents.org. 1 March 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "Number of Crimean deputies present at referendum resolution vote unclear". Interfax-Ukraine. 27 February 2014. 
  17. ^ Per Kristian Aale, Jan T. Espedal (photo) (2014-03-09). "Voting fraud secured pro-Russian majority in Crimean parliament - Aftenposten". Aftenposten.no. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  18. ^ "The speaker Supreme Council of Crimea still considers Yanukovych as the President". Ukrayinska Pravda. 27 February 2014. 
  19. ^ Babiak, Mat (2014-02-25). "The Hunt for Viktor Yanukovych". Ukrainian Policy. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  20. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Ukraine searches for missing billions". UK: The Daily Telegraph. 27 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Турчинов издал указ о незаконности назначения Аксенова премьером Крыма". Gazeta.ua. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  22. ^ "Ukrainian parliament terminates early powers of Crimea's Supreme Council". Kyiv Post. 15 March 2014. 
  23. ^ a b Article 26, Constitution of Crimea (October 21, 1998). Retrieved on 16 March 2014.
  24. ^ a b c d http://www.rada.crimea.ua/content/uploads/files/reglament.pdf
  25. ^ Article 23, Constitution of Crimea (October 21, 1998). Retrieved on 16 March 2014.
  26. ^ Article 22, Constitution of Crimea (October 21, 1998). Retrieved on 16 March 2014.
  27. ^ [1][dead link]
  28. ^ Composition on November 27, 2013. Supreme Council of Crimea. March 11, 2014
  29. ^ "Deputies of the Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea". Supreme Council of Crimea. 

External links[edit]

  • rada.crimea.ua — Official website of the Supreme Council of Crimea (Ukrainian)/(Russian)
  • ki.rada.crimea.ua — Krymskiye izvestiya; the official newspaper of the Supreme Council of Crimea (Russian)
  • crimea.cr - Unofficial site on Crimea Independence (Russian)

Coordinates: 44°57′6″N 34°5′49″E / 44.95167°N 34.09694°E / 44.95167; 34.09694