|Male, Jalisco, México|
The vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) is a small passerine bird in the Tyrannidae, or tyrant flycatcher family. Most flycatchers are rather drab, but the vermilion flycatcher is a striking exception. It is a favorite with birders, but is not generally kept in aviculture, as the males tend to lose their vermilion coloration when in captivity.
Distribution and habitat
Vermilion flycatchers generally prefer somewhat open areas, and are found in trees or shrubs in savannah, scrub, agricultural areas, riparian woodlands, and desert as well, but usually near water. Their range includes almost all of Mexico; it extends north into the southwestern United States, and south to scattered portions of Central America, parts of northwestern and central South America, and on southwards to central Argentina. They are also found in the Galapagos Islands. The form inhabiting the Galapagos (P. r. nanus) is sometimes split as Pyrocephalus nanus, Darwin's flycatcher or the Galapagos flycatcher.
The species grows to about 7 in (18 cm) in length, and is strongly dimorphic; males are bright red, with dark brown plumage. Females have a peach-colored belly with a dark gray upperside, and are similar to Say's phoebe.
They lay two or three whitish eggs in a nest made of twigs, stems and roots, and lined with hair. The eggs are incubated for around two weeks by the female and the young are ready to leave the nest 15 days after hatching.
- de A. Gabriel, Vagner & Pizo, Marco A. (2005): Foraging behavior of tyrant flycatchers (Aves, Tyrannidae) in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22(4): 1072–1077. doi:10.1590/S0101-81752005000400036 PDF fulltext
- Wildlife Fact File (WFF) (1996): Vermilion Flycatcher. Group 2 (Birds).[verification needed] IMP BV/IMP INC.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to the vermilion flycatcher.|
|Wikispecies has information related to: Pyrocephalus rubinus|
- Vermilion flycatcher videos, photos, and sounds at the Internet Bird Collection
- Species account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
- Vermilion flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
- Stamps at bird-stamps.org
- Photo gallery including vermilion flycatcher at borderland-tours.com
- Drawing of vermilion flycatcher by Nukeleer
- Vermilion flycatcher photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)