Vermillion, South Dakota
|Vermillion, South Dakota|
|Clay County and the state of South Dakota|
|• Mayor||John (Jack) Powell|
|• Total||4.03 sq mi (10.44 km2)|
|• Land||4.03 sq mi (10.44 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,224 ft (373 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||10,811|
|• Density||2,623.1/sq mi (1,012.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1258745|
Vermillion is a city in and the county seat of Clay County, in the southeastern corner of the State of South Dakota, and the tenth largest city in the state. According to the 2010 Census, the population was 10,571. Vermillion lies atop a bluff near the Missouri River.
The area has been home to various Native American tribes for centuries. French fur traders first visited in the late 18th century. Vermillion was founded in 1859 and incorporated in 1873. The name refers to the Lakota name: wa sa wak pa'la (red stream).
Home to the University of South Dakota, Vermillion has a mixed academic and rural character: The university is a major academic institution for the state, boasting the state's only law and medical school, and the state's only AACSB accredited business school. Major farm products include corn, soybeans, and alfalfa.
Vermillion is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) from the proposed site of a Hyperion oil refinery (formerly known as the Gorilla Project).
Lewis and Clark camped at the mouth of the Vermillion River near the present-day town on Friday, August 24, 1804. (The previous day they killed their first bison and the following day they climbed Spirit Mound, according to Clark's journal.)
- In May 1843 John James Audubon visited the Vermillion ravine to view the bird life.
- The town was considered for the location of South Dakota's first mental institution, (now the Human Services Center) in 1873, although the hospital was eventually located in nearby Yankton.
- The original town was entirely located below the bluffs on the banks of the Missouri River, and three-quarters of the town was washed away in the Great Flood of 1881.
- Presidential candidates William Jennings Bryan visited and spoke in Vermillion on September 28, 1908, and William Howard Taft on the next day.
- John Philip Sousa conducted the Sousa Band on October 26, 1926 at the facility that became known as Slagle Auditorium in 1929.
- On March 24, 1967, Thomas James White Hawk and William Stands murdered the Vermillion jeweler James Yeado and raped his wife.
- Donald Opperman's car parked illegally on the streets on December 10, 1973 leads to the U.S. Supreme Court case South Dakota v. Opperman, decided March 29, 1976.
The elevation of the city is 1,221 feet (372 m).
Vermillion operates under the council-manager form of government. Vermillion's governing body is made up of nine members. Eight City Council members are elected from four wards, with two members representing each ward. The Mayor is elected at-large and presides over City Council meetings. The mayor may vote on all matters coming before the governing body. With the consent of the City Council, the Mayor appoints individuals to serve on the Library Board and Planning Commission. The Library Board oversees the operations of the Vermillion Public Library and appoints a Library Director. All services and programs provided by the library are overseen by the board. The Planning Commission is charged with overseeing the long-range planning of the community, including zoning issues, subdivisions and formulation of the Comprehensive Plan. The Planning Commission serves a vital role in recommending major policy changes to the governing body for the development of the community.
As of the census of 2010, there were 10,571 people, 3,811 households, and 1,692 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,623.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,012.8 /km2). There were 4,043 housing units at an average density of 1,003.2 per square mile (387.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.6% White, 1.7% African American, 3.6% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 3,811 households of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 55.6% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 23.4 years. 15.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 41.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.7% were from 25 to 44; 14.4% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,765 people, 3,647 households, and 1,801 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,549.3 people per square mile (984.4/km²). There were 3,967 housing units at an average density of 1,035.6 per square mile (399.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.95% White, 1.29% African American, 3.37% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,647 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.6% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 13.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $24,095, and the median income for a family was $40,109. Males had a median income of $28,180 versus $20,975 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,909. 26.2% of the population and 16.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.0% are under the age of 18 and 14.8% are 65 or older.
For the population 25 years and over, 90.7% have a high school education or higher; 45.4% have a bachelor's degree or higher; and 21.2% have a graduate or professional degree.
For ancestries, 36% claim German ancestry; 14.2% Norwegian; 13.4% Irish; 6.6% English; 5.5% Dutch; and 4% Swedish.
Vermillion contains the following churches:
- First Baptist Church
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- Concordia Lutheran Church - Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod
- Faith Fellowship - Open Bible Church
- First United Methodist Church of Vermillion - United Methodist Church
- Grace Baptist Church - Southern Baptist Convention
- Hillside Community Church - Christian and Missionary Alliance
- Jehovah's Witnesses
- The Newman Center - Catholic Church
- Providence Reformed Church - Reformed Church in the United States (RCUS)
- St. Agnes Catholic Church
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church
- Trinity Lutheran - Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
- Unitarian Universalists of Vermillion
- United Church of Christ
- Christ our Savior Evangelical Lutheran Church - Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.
|Dakota Care Center of Vermillion||90||125 S Walker St|
|Hy-Vee||135||525 W Cherry St|
|Polaris Industries||120||1997 Polaris Pkwy|
|Sanford Health Network||233||20 S Plum St|
|Sesdac Inc||130||1314 E Cherry St|
|South Dakota Department of Military & Veterans Affairs||96||PO Box B434|
|University of South Dakota||800||414 E Clark St|
|Vermillion City||157||25 Center St|
|Vermillion School Dist 13-1 (Austin Elementary School)||225||17 Prospect St|
|Vermillion School Dist 13-1||90||422 Princeton St|
|Walmart||100||1207 Princeton St|
Prentis Park includes two swimming pools: one kids pool, and one full size with a waterslide and diving boards. There is also a variety of playground equipment and wide open green space. Additionally the park features a snack bar (next to the pool area), several basketball hoops, and two disc golf courses. It also contains a baseball diamond which is the home of the Vermillion Red Sox, of the South Dakota Amateur Baseball Association. Along with Prentis Park, the city maintains and owns Lion's Park, Barstow Park, and Cotton Park. The city also boasts a bike trail along the quiet Vermillion River. The Bluffs Golf Course  is also owned and operated by the City of Vermillion. The Bluffs is an 18-hole championship golf course that overlooks the bluffs in Vermillion.
- Rachael Bella, actress
- Kevin Brady, U.S. Representative (R-Texas)
- Shawn Colvin, noted singer-songwriter
- Doug Dickey, noted college football coach
- Carl Gunderson, former Governor of South Dakota
- Tim Johnson, U.S. Senator (D-South Dakota)
- John L. Jolley U.S. Congressman from South Dakota
- Jeff Kidder, scout
- Ben Leber, NFL football linebacker
- Andrew E. Lee, South Dakota's third Governor
- Helle Sjelle, Member of Parliament, Denmark
- Todd Tiahrt, U.S. Representative (R-Kansas)
- Abby Whiteside, controversial piano teacher and theorist
- Gerald W. Wolff, retired historian from University of South Dakota
- Sam Miller, Cole Andre, Lucas Zimmerman, Jordan Merrigan, Marcus Sand, Michael Walker, pop-rock band "Paradise Fears"
- Doug Steckler, writer and radio personality
|AM radio stations|
|570 AM||WNAX||WNAX Radio 570||News/Talk||Saga Communications||Yankton|
|1450 AM||KYNT||Yankton's Home Team||Soft Adult Contemporary||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Yankton|
|1570 AM||KVTK||1570 "The Ticket||Sports Talk||Culhane Communications, Inc.||Vermillion|
|FM radio stations|
|Frequency||Call sign||Name||Format||Owner||Target city/market||City of license|
|89.7 FM||KUSD||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||NPR||SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications||Yankton/Vermillion||Vermillion|
|91.1 FM||KAOR||Core 91.1||Alternative||The University of South Dakota||Yankton/Vermillion||Vermillion|
|93.1 FM||KKYA||KK93||Country||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Yankton/Vermillion||Yankton|
|94.3 FM||KDAM||The Dam||Mainstream Rock||Riverfront Broadcasting LLC||Yankton/Vermillion||Hartington|
|104.1 FM||WNAX-FM||The Wolf 104.1||Country||Saga Communications||Yankton/Vermillion||Yankton|
|106.3 FM||KVHT||Classic Hits 106.3||Classic Hits||Cullhane Communications, Inc.||Yankton/Vermillion||Vermillion|
- "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Paul Edmund Bierley, The Incredible Band of John Philip Sousa (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006), p. 190.
- Gerald Vizenor, "Thomas James White Hawk: Murder on Good Friday," and "Commutation of Death", in Tribal Scenes and Ceremonies, Minneapolis: Nodin Press, c. 1976.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Dun & Bradstreet's Million Dollar Database (2010)
- City of Vermillion government website
- Vermillion EMS
- Vermillion Plain Talk - local newspaper
- University of South Dakota