|Vermont State Senate|
|Vermont General Assembly|
New session started
|January 5, 2013|
Length of term
|Authority||Section 7, Legislative Department, Vermont Constitution|
|Salary||$636/week + per diem|
|November 4, 2014
|November 1, 2016
|State Senate Chamber,
Vermont State Capitol
|Vermont State Senate|
The Vermont Senate is the upper house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont. The Senate consists of 30 members. Senate districting divides the 30 members into three single-member districts, six two-member districts, three three-member districts, and one six-member district. Each Senator represents at least 20,300 citizens. Senators are elected to two-year terms, and there is no limit to the number of terms that a Senator may serve.
As in other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the federal U.S. Senate, the Senate is reserved with special functions such as confirming or rejecting gubernatorial appointments to executive departments, the state cabinet, commissions, boards, and electing members to the Vermont Supreme Court.
Districting and terms
Senators are elected from a total of 13 single and multi-member Senate districts. The districts largely correspond to the boundaries of the state's 14 counties with adjustments to ensure equality of representation. Two small counties (Essex and Orleans) are combined into one district. Each district elects between 1 and 6 senators depending on population.
Composition of the Senate
2013-2014 Legislative Session
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||20||2||8||30||0|
|January 22, 2013||20||30||0|
|January 22, 2013||19||29||1|
|January 27, 2013||20||30||0|
|Latest voting share||70%||30%|
Leadership of the Senate
The Lieutenant Governor of Vermont serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a legislative vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the entire Senate through a Senate Resolution. The President Pro Tempore is the chief leadership position in the Senate. The other Senate majority and minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.
Committee assignments are determined by the Committee on Committees. This group consists of the Lieutenant Governor, the Senate President Pro Tem and one member chosen by the full Senate. For several years the third member of the committee has been Richard Mazza.
|Lieutenant Governor||Phil Scott||Rep||Berlin|
|President Pro Tem of the Senate||John F. Campbell||Dem||Quechee||Windsor|
|Majority Leader||Philip Baruth||Dem||Burlington||Chittenden|
|Assistant Majority Leader||Claire Ayer||Dem||Weybridge||Addison|
|Minority Leader||Joe Benning||Rep||St. Johnsbury||Caledonia/Orange|
|Assistant Minority Leader||Kevin Mullin||Rep||Rutland Town||Rutland|
|Progressive Leader||Anthony Pollina||Prog||Middlesex||Washington|
Members of the Senate, 2013-2015
|Christopher A. Bray||Dem||New Haven||2012|
|Bennington||Robert Hartwell||Dem||Manchester Center||2006|
|Richard Sears||Dem||North Bennington||1992|
|Caledonia||Joe Benning||Rep||St. Johnsbury||2010|
|Michael Sirotkin||Dem||South Burlington||2014†|
|Essex-Orleans||John S. Rodgers||Dem||Glover||2012|
|Robert Starr||Dem||North Troy||2004|
|Grand Isle||Richard Mazza||Dem||Colchester||1984|
|Lamoille||Rich Westman||Rep||Hyde Park||2010|
|William T. Doyle||Rep||Montpelier||1968|
|Windsor||John F. Campbell||Dem||Quechee||2000|
- †Originally appointed
The full Senate meets Tuesday and Friday mornings only for the first seven weeks of the annual session.
- President pro tempore of the Vermont State Senate
- Vermont State House
- Vermont General Assembly
- Vermont House of Representatives
- Members of the Vermont Senate, 2005-2006 session
- Members of the Vermont Senate, 2007-2008 session
- Vermont Senate Districts, 2002-2012
- Democrat Bill Carris (Rutland) resigned December 17, 2012 due to health reasons.
- Democrat Eldred French appointed to replace Carris.
- Democrat Sally Fox (Chittenden) died. 
- Democrat Michael Sirotkin (Sally Fox's widower) appointed to succeed Fox. 
- Remsen, Nancy and Hallenbeck, Teri (January 8, 2009). Following the Legislature. Burlington Free Press.