Vermontville was settled by men from Vermont in the early 19th century. The first postmaster, Josiah J. Alexander, was appointed in 1854. A saw mill was built in 1848, and a second in 1850; a starch mill operated from 1873 to about 1876. A foundry was built in 1861 that continued until about 1889, producing plows, cultivators, and scrapers; it closed due to competition from products brought in by the Chateaugay Railway, that reached Vermontville at that time. Farming was the primary business enterprise. In 1856, the first church was built.