|• Total||20.0 sq mi (51.8 km2)|
|• Land||19.4 sq mi (50.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)|
|Elevation||325 ft (99 m)|
|• Density||110.5/sq mi (42.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462234|
Vernon is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States. The population was 2,206 at the 2010 census. Vernon is the home of Vermont Yankee, Vermont's only nuclear power plant, which is scheduled to close in 2014.
The town was chartered in 1672 as part of the Massachusetts Grant. In 1736 the area was granted by Massachusetts as part of Fall Town, and in 1793 the area was granted as Hinsdale. When the Connecticut River was established as a boundary, two separate towns were created: Hinsdale, New Hampshire and Hinsdale, Vermont. The people who lived in Hinsdale, Vermont wanted a separate name, and in 1802 the Vermont legislature changed the town's name to Vernon. The name is said to have been chosen after President George Washington's plantation home, Mount Vernon.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.0 square miles (51.8 km2), of which 19.4 square miles (50.2 km2) is land and 0.6 square mile (1.6 km2) (3.15%) is water.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Vernon has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,141 people, 741 households, and 574 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.5 people per square mile (42.7/km2). There were 784 housing units at an average density of 40.5 per square mile (15.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.60% White, 0.28% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.
There were 741 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $49,688, and the median income for a family was $55,625. Males had a median income of $35,845 versus $25,139 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,720. About 2.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.
Vernon is served by the Windham Southeast Supervisory Union. Vernon Elementary School is a public school located in Vernon and serves kindergarten to sixth grade. There is one public middle school, the Brattleboro Area Middle School (BAMS), and one public high school, the Brattleboro Union High School (BUHS). There is also a career development center, the Windham Regional Career Center.
The town's website states the local government's position with regard to Vermont Yankee:
|“||'Vernon is also proud to be the home of Vermont's only nuclear power plant, Entergy-Vermont Yankee (or VY to the residents), a company that has been a good neighbor, watching out for the residents of the Town as well as the State.'||”|
—Town of Vernon Website, 
Vernon has discussed seceding from Vermont to New Hampshire or to Massachusetts if Vermont legislators impose taxes on Vermont Yankee, or attempt to take away Vermont Yankee's operating permit, which is up for renewal in 2012. Vernon was once part of the town of Hinsdale, New Hampshire; accordingly, it has been claimed that this would be a return to a historical norm, rather than an unprecedented shift.
However, the plant will be closing in 2014, which should end any remaining discussions about secession.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Entergy to Close, Decommission Vermont Yankee". Entergy. Entergy. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "Welcome to the Town of Vernon Website". Town of Vernon, Vermont. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Vernon, Vermont". Virtual Vermont. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Profile for Vernon, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Climate Summary for Vernon, Vermont
- "Vernon School District Schools". GreatSchools, Inc. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Vernon Brattleboro Union High School". Brattleboro Union High School. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Windham Regional Career Center". Windham Regional Career Center. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "HUNT, Jonathan, (1787 - 1832)". Biographical Directory of the United StatesCongress. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Town of Vernon, Vermont - Local Information". Website. Town of Vernon, VT, USA. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- "Vermont Town Talks About Secession: Upset Over Vermont Yankee Tax, Some Want Out". WPTZ TV 5 (Associated Press). 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vernon, Vermont.|
- Vernon, Vermont, Official town website
- Vernon Elementary School
- Vernon Fire Department