Vernon County, Missouri

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Vernon County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Vernon County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded February 27, 1855
Named for Colonel Miles Vernon, state senator, and veteran of the Battle of New Orleans
Seat Nevada
Largest city Nevada
Area
 • Total 837.04 sq mi (2,168 km2)
 • Land 833.95 sq mi (2,160 km2)
 • Water 3.09 sq mi (8 km2), 0.37%
Population
 • (2010) 21,159
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Vernon County is a county located in west central Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,159.[1] Its county seat is Nevada.[2] The county was organized on February 27, 1855 and was named for Col. Miles Vernon (1786–1867), a state senator and veteran of the Battle of New Orleans.

History[edit]

Vernon County suffered considerable damage during the American Civil War. The courthouse was burned by Union Army soldiers on May 23, 1863, along with the entire town of Nevada. The present courthouse dates to 1908.[3] Vernon County was one of four Missouri counties that were completely depopulated by Union General Thomas Ewing's notorious General Order No. 11 (1863). Most of the inhabitants would not be allowed to return to their homes until after the Civil War ended in May 1865.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 837.04 square miles (2,167.9 km2), of which 833.95 square miles (2,159.9 km2) (or 99.63%) is land and 3.09 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 0.37%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,850
1870 11,247 131.9%
1880 19,369 72.2%
1890 31,505 62.7%
1900 31,619 0.4%
1910 28,827 −8.8%
1920 26,069 −9.6%
1930 25,031 −4.0%
1940 25,586 2.2%
1950 22,685 −11.3%
1960 20,540 −9.5%
1970 19,065 −7.2%
1980 19,806 3.9%
1990 19,041 −3.9%
2000 20,454 7.4%
2010 21,159 3.4%
Est. 2012 20,748 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 20,454 people, 7,966 households, and 5,432 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 8,872 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.99% White, 0.61% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Approximately 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,966 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,021, and the median income for a family was $37,714. Males had a median income of $28,182 versus $19,026 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,047. About 10.10% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.30% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Education[edit]

Public Schools[edit]

Private Schools[edit]

Post Secondary[edit]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Vernon County. Democrats hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Vernon County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Cherie K. Roberts Democratic
Circuit Clerk Vickie Erwin Democratic
County Clerk Tammi S. Beach Democratic
Collector Phil Couch Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Bonnie M. McCord Democratic
Commissioner
(District 1)
Neal F. Gerster Democratic
Commissioner
(District 2)
Kennon R. Shaw Republican
Coroner David L. Ferry Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Lynn M. Ewing III Democratic
Public Administrator Tammy Bond Democratic
Recorder Doug Shupe Republican
Sheriff Ron Peckman Democratic
Surveyor Jerry Wood Republican
Treasurer Phil Couch Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 46.54% 4,095 51.05% 4,491 2.41% 212
2004 66.76% 5,989 31.97% 2,868 1.27% 114
2000 52.49% 4,370 45.20% 3,763 2.30% 192
1996 39.90% 3,039 57.27% 4,362 2.84% 216

All of Vernon County is a part of Missouri’s 125th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Barney Joe Fisher (R-Richards).

Missouri House of Representatives – District 125 - Vernon County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Barney Joe Fisher 5,852 100.00

All of Vernon County is a part of Missouri’s 31st District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by David Pearce (R-Warrensburg).

Missouri Senate - District 31 - Cedar County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican David Pearce 4,693 55.06
Democratic Chris Benjamin 3,831 44.94

Federal[edit]

All of Vernon County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 4th Congressional District - Vernon County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Vicky Hartzler 3,491 52.89
Democratic Ike Skelton* 2,887 43.74
Libertarian Jason Michael Braun 135 2.05
Constitution Greg Cowan 88 1.33

Political Culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 60.08% 5,334 38.08% 3,381 1.84% 163
2004 63.75% 5,732 35.65% 3,206 0.60% 54
2000 59.29% 4,985 37.54% 3,156 3.18% 267
1996 40.70% 3,123 43.82 3,363 15.48% 1,188

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Vernon County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 705 (32.64%)
Mike Huckabee 920 (42.59%)
Mitt Romney 408 (18.89%)
Ron Paul 74 (3.43%)
Vernon County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 1,434 (61.55%)
Barack Obama 732 (31.42%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 124 (5.32%)

Notable residents[edit]

The Texas political figure Orville Bullington was born in Indian Springs in Vernon County before his family moved to Parker County, Texas.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.vernoncountymo.org/Directory/About/History.htm
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°51′N 94°20′W / 37.85°N 94.34°W / 37.85; -94.34