|Vernon Ferdinand Dahmer|
March 10, 1908|
Kelly Settlement, Forrest County, Mississippi, USA
|Died||January 11, 1966
Hattiesburg, Mississippi, USA
|Movement||African-American Civil Rights Movement|
Dahmer was born March 10, 1908, to George and Ellen Dahmer of Forrest County, Mississippi. His father, George Dahmer, was completely white, since his father was from Germany and his mother was a white lady from Mississippi. However George Dahmer's parents had not been married, and shortly after his brith his mother married a freedman, so he was raised in African-American society, considered black socially and educated at what was then an all-black school, what is now Jackson State University. Ellen Kelly was the daughter of a white plantation owner of the same name, and although African-American mother had not been married to her father, he had no legitimate children, and on her marriage to George Veronon her father gave them 40 acres, a cow, 2 calves and a feather bed.
Vernon Dahmer attended Bay Spring High School. Vernon was light-skinned enough to pass as white,  but chose to forgo the privileges of living as a white man, and instead face the challenges of being a black man in Mississippi at that time.
In March 1952 Dahmer married Ellie Jewell Davis, a teacher from Rose Hill[disambiguation needed], Mississippi. The couple had eight children in their family and their home in north Forrest County was part of the Kelly Settlement area (named for Dahmer's maternal grandfather). Ellie Dahmer taught for many years in Richton, Mississippi and retired in 1987 from the Forrest County school system.
Dahmer was a member of Shady Grove Baptist Church where he served as a music director and Sunday School teacher. Dahmer became the owner of a grocery store, sawmill, planing mill, and 200-acre (0.81 km2)cotton farm.
Dahmer served several terms as president of the Forrest County Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and led voter registration drives in the 1960s. He kept a voter registration book in his store in late 1965 to make it easier for African Americans to register. Dahmer also helped the local African American population pay a poll tax for the right to vote. His mantra was, "If you don't vote, you don't count," and those words, which he repeated on his deathbed, were used as his epitaph.
Murder and suspects
On the night of January 10, 1966, the Dahmer home was firebombed. As Ellie and her children escaped the inferno, gunshots were fired from the streets and Vernon returned fire from inside the house. He was severely burned from the waist up before he could escape and died the next day. The Dahmer home, grocery store, and car were destroyed in the fire.
The Hattiesburg area was stunned by the attack. The Chamber of Commerce under William Carey College President Dr. Ralph Noonkester led a community effort to rebuild the Dahmer home. Local and state businesses such as the Masonite Corporation, Alexander Materials, and Frierson Building Materials donated materials, local unions donated their services, and students from the University of Southern Mississippi volunteered unskilled labor.
Authorities indicted fourteen men, most with Ku Klux Klan connections, for the attack on the Dahmer home. Thirteen were brought to trial, eight on charges of arson and murder. Four were convicted and one Billie Roy Pitts (Sam Bowers' body guard) entered a guilty plea and turned state's evidence. However three out four of those convicted were pardoned within four years. In addition, eleven of the defendants were tried on federal charges of conspiracy to intimidate Dahmer because of his civil rights activities. Former Ku Klux Klan Imperial Wizard Sam Bowers, who was believed to have ordered the murder, was tried four times, but each ended in a mistrial.
Based on new evidence, the state of Mississippi reopened the case and in 1998 tried Bowers for the murder of Dahmer and assault on his family. The jury convicted Bowers and the judge sentenced him to life in prison. He died in Mississippi State Penitentiary on November 5, 2006.
Honors and recognition
After Dahmer's death, a street and a park in Hattiesburg were named in his honor. On July 26, 1986, a memorial was also dedicated at the park.
On February 3, 2007, Dahmer was posthumously honored for his heroic contributions to the Civil Rights Movement at a celebration announcing the Vernon Dahmer Collection at William Carey University in Hattiesburg. The collection was funded in part by a grant from the Mississippi Humanities Council.
- Taylor Branch, Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years 1963-65 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998), p. 58-59
- [Martin, Jr, Gordon A.: Count Them One by One: Black Mississippians Fighting for the Right to Vote, University Press of Mississippi, 2010, p. 178]
- Vernon Dahmer's epitaph. From: findagrave.com. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- Philip Delves Broughton , "Mississippi faces past in Klan trial", The Daily Telegraph, August 19, 1998, Retrieved 23 Oct 2007
- Sandra Peters, "32 Years to Justice", United Methodist Church Global Board Ministries
- Mississippi faces past in Klan trial by Philip Delves Broughton in Hattiesburg. The Daily Telegraph (August 19, 1998). Retrieved October 23, 2007.
- Photographs of the events following Vernon Dahmer's murder Moncrief Photograph Collection, Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
- Dahmer (Vernon F.) Collection - University of Southern Mississippi
- Oral history with Mrs. Ellie J. Dahmer - University of Southern Mississippi
- WCU to celebrate Civil Rights activist Vernon Dahmer with literature collection
- The Case of the 1966 KKK Firebombing - Federal Bureau of Investigation