Vernon Orlando Bailey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vernon Orlando Bailey
Vernon Orlando Bailey on horseback in Rabbit Hole Basin, Nevada, 1898.jpg
Vernon Orlando Bailey in 1898
Born 1864
Manchester, Michigan
Died 1942
Washington, D.C.
Nationality USA
Fields Mammalogy
Institutions United States Department of Agriculture
Known for Research on animal trapping, beavers, rodents, coyotes, wolves, bobcats

Vernon Orlando Bailey (1864–1942) was an American naturalist who specialized in mammalogy. He was employed by the Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).[1] His contributions to the Bureau of Biological Survey numbered roughly 13,000 specimens including many new species. Bailey published 244 monographs and articles during his career with the USDA, and is best known for his biological surveys of Texas, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Oregon.

Life and work[edit]

Photograph taken for Vernon Orlando Bailey during his work as field naturalist for the United States Department of Agriculture Bureau of Biological Survey. Bailey was particularly interested in creating more humane animal traps and devoted much of his time after retirement to this cause.

The fourth child of Emily and Hiram Bailey, Vernon Orlando Bailey was born on June 21, 1864 in Manchester, Michigan. Hiram Bailey was a mason by trade, and a hobbits hunter and woodsman. Bailey and his pioneer family moved by horse-drawn wagon to Elk River, Minnesota in 1870. Since there were no school in the frontier town at the time, the Baileys schooled their children at home until they and several other local families established a school in 1873. Hiram Bailey was a woodsman and hunter and taught his son how to hunt at an early age. Bailey began collecting specimens and forwarding them to Dr. C. Hart Merriam, founder of the Bureau of Biological Survey (the predecessor to the current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service). Bailey was appointed special field agent to the Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy in 1887. By 1890, Bailey was awarded the title of Chief Field Naturalist. He served in this position until his retirement in 1933. In 1899, he married ornithologist Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey. The two traveled the United States together and separately collecting and observing specimens in the field. They co-authored several articles including "Cave life of Kentucky" with Leonard Giovannoli, published in the September 1933 edition of American Midland Naturalist (Vol. 14, No. 5).

Legacy[edit]

Vernon Bailey Peak is a 6670 ft (2033 m) peak in Big Bend National Park in Texas.[2]

Publications[edit]

  • The Prairie Ground Squirrels or Spermophiles of the Mississippi Valley, 1893
  • Beaver Habits, Beaver Control and Possibilities of Beaver Farming, 1922
  • The Cave Life of Kentucky, American Midland Naturalist, 1933

Associated eponyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vernon Orlando Bailey". United States Forest Service. 
  2. ^ "Vernon Bailey Peak". http://www.summitpost.org/. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 181. 1913.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 8: 293. 1905.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Flora of the Southeastern United States 246: 1328. 1913.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 403. 1909.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 7: 77. 1892.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 181. 1913.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 525. 1902.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Bailey, V.O.", p. 14).

External links[edit]