Versailles rail accident
|Versailles rail accident|
1842 sketch of the derailment and fire
|Date||8 May 1842|
|List of rail accidents (before 1880)|
The Versailles rail accident occurred on 8 May 1842 in the cutting between Meudon and Bellevue stations on the railway between Versailles and Paris. Following King Louis Philippe I's celebrations at the Palace of Versailles, a train returning to Paris derailed at Meudon, after the leading locomotive broke an axle, and the carriages behind piled into it and caught fire. The first French railway accident and the deadliest in the world at the time, it caused between 52 and 200 deaths including that of the explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville. The accident led to the abandonment in France of the practice of locking passengers in their carriages.
Metal fatigue was poorly understood at the time and the accident is linked to the beginnings of systematic research into the problem.
Notes and references
- George Sendeckiyj (2006) "Early Railroad Accidents and the Origins of research on fatigue of metals", Appendix A of Theodore Nicholas (2006). High Cycle Fatigue: A Mechanics of Materials Perspective. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-08-044691-2.
- Peter R Lewis and Alistair Nisbet, Wheels to Disaster!: The Oxford train wreck of Christmas Eve, 1874, Tempus (2008) ISBN 978-0-7524-4512-0
- Louis Eugène Robert (1843). Histoire et description naturelle de la commune de Meudon (in French). Paulin. pp. 110–144. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
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