Lecanicillium

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Lecanicillium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Clavicipitaceae
Genus: Lecanicillium

Lecanicillium is a genus of fungi within the order Hypocreales and is described as anamorphic Cordycipitaceae; 21 species are currently described.[1] These are entomopathogenic fungus species, that were previously widely known as Verticillium lecanii (Zimmerman) Viegas.[2]

The IndexFungorum records the following species:

  • Lecanicillium acerosum W. Gams, H.C. Evans & Zare 2001,
  • Lecanicillium antillanum (R.F. Castañeda & G.R.W. Arnold) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium aphanocladii Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium aranearum (Petch) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium araneicola Sukarno & Kurihara 2009,
  • Lecanicillium attenuatum Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium dimorphum (J.D. Chen) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium evansii Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium flavidum (W. Gams & Zaayen) W. Gams & Zare 2008,
  • Lecanicillium fungicola (Preuss) Zare & W. Gams 2008; Anamorphic Cordycipitaceae
    • Lecanicillium fungicola var. aleophilum (W. Gams & Zaayen) W. Gams & Zare 2008,
    • Lecanicillium fungicola var. fungicola (Preuss) Zare & W. Gams 2008,
  • Lecanicillium fusisporum (W. Gams) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium kalimantanense Kurihara & Sukarno 2009,
  • Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimm.) Zare & W. Gams 2001: pathogens of soft scale insects (Coccidae)
  • Lecanicillium longisporum (Petch) Zare & W. Gams 2001: pathogens of aphids
  • Lecanicillium muscarium (Petch) Zare & W. Gams 2001: pathogens of whiteflies and thrips
  • Lecanicillium nodulosum (Petch) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium pissodis Kope & I. Leal 2006,
  • Lecanicillium psalliotae (Treschew) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium saksenae (Kushwaha) Kurihara & Sukarno 2009,
  • Lecanicillium tenuipes (Petch) Zare & W. Gams 2001,
  • Lecanicillium wallacei (H.C. Evans) H.C. Evans & Zare 2008.

At least 15 products based on Lecanicillium spp. have been, or are in the process of being commercialized as biological pesticides, against a variety of pests in numerous countries worldwide [3]).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th ed. Wallingford: CABI. p. 150. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  2. ^ Zare R, Gams W. (2001). A revision of Verticillium sect. Prostrata. III. Generic classification. Nova Hedwigia. 72: 329-337
  3. ^ de Faria, M.R., Wraight, S.P. (2007) Mycoinsecticides and mycoacaricides: a comprehensive list with worldwide coverage and international classification of formulation types. Biological Control 43: 237–256