Municipal association (Germany)
Municipal associations (German: Verwaltungsgemeinschaften) are statutory corporations or public bodies created by statute in the German federal states of Bavaria, Saxony, Thuringia, and Schleswig-Holstein. In Baden-Württemberg the term stipulated municipal association (German: vereinbarte Verwaltungsgemeinschaft) is used.
A municipal association normally consists of several adjacent municipalities located in the same district. It is controlled by a political representative, chairperson or executive board. Depending on the state, this person may be officially retained or appointed as mayor.
- In Baden-Württemberg this position is held by the mayor of the appropriate fulfilling municipality (German: erfüllende Gemeinde).
- In Thuringia there are municipal associations as well as fulfilling municipalities.
- In Bavaria one mayor of a single municipality also acts as municipal chairman (German: Gemeinschaftsvorsitzender) of the association.
The duties of a municipal association typically encompass
- Setting up land use plans
- Sewage disposal
- Payment transactions
- Cemetery matters
- Fire brigade provision