Vestas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Vestas Wind Systems)
Jump to: navigation, search
Vestas Wind Systems A/S
Type Publicly traded Aktieselskab
Traded as OMXVWS
Industry Electrical equipment
Founded 1945
Founders Peder Hansen
Headquarters Aarhus, Denmark, European Union
Key people Anders Runevad (Group President and CEO), Bert Nordberg (Chairman)
Products Wind turbines
Revenue Decrease €6.084 billion (2013)[1]
Operating income Increase €102 million (2013)[1]
Profit Increase €-82 million (2013)[1]
Total assets Decrease €5.640 billion (end 2013)[1]
Total equity Decrease €1.524 billion (end 2013)[1]
Employees 17,051 (2013 average)[1]
Website www.vestas.com
Vestas V47-660kW wind turbine at the American Wind Power Center in Lubbock, Texas

Vestas Wind Systems A/S is a Danish manufacturer, seller, installer, and servicer of wind turbines. It is the largest in the world,[2][3] but due to very rapid growth of its competitors its market share decreased significantly from 28% in 2007. In 2012 even lost its top position,[4] but regained it in 2013 with 13.1% market share.[5] The company operates manufacturing plants in Denmark, Germany, India, Italy, Romania, the United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden, Norway, Australia, China, and the United States,[6] and employs more than 17,000 people globally.[1]

History[edit]

Vestas was founded in 1945 by Peder Hansen as "Vestjysk Stålteknik A/S" (West-Jutlandish steel technology). The company initially manufactured household appliances, moving its focus to agricultural equipment in 1950, intercoolers in 1956, and hydraulic cranes in 1968. It entered the wind turbine industry in 1979,[7] and produced wind turbines exclusively from 1989.[8]

In 2003, the company merged with the Danish wind turbine manufacturer NEG Micon to create the largest wind turbine manufacturer in the world, under the banner of Vestas Wind Systems. After a sales slump and an operational loss in 2005,[6] Vestas recovered in 2006 with a 28% market share[6] and has continued to increase production although market share has slid to between 12.5[2] and 14%[3] as other manufacturers have also increased production.

Vestas recovered and was voted Top Green Company of 2006.[9] In February 2009, the company announced the production of two new turbine types, the 3-megawatt V112 and 1.8-megawatt V100. The new models were to be available in 2010.[10] As of 2011, Vestas wind turbines generated enough electricity to provide for 21 million people. In January 2011, Vestas won the $1.5m (£940,000) Zayed Future Energy Prize in Abu Dhabi.[11]

Operations[edit]

Vestas has installed over 48,000 wind turbines for a capacity of 55 GW in over 70 countries on five continents.[12] As of 31 2012 the company has built production facilities in more than 12 countries, among them China, Spain and the United States.[13] In China, Vestas employs 2,600 people.[14]

The company's North American headquarters was relocated in 2002 from Palm Springs, California to Portland, Oregon.[15][16] On 1 December 2008 Vestas announced plans to expand its North American headquarters in Portland through construction of a 600,000-square-foot (56,000 m2) new building, but this plan was mothballed in 2009 due to the economic recession, and in August 2010 the company announced a revised plan, scaled back in size, to expand its Portland headquarters by renovating an existing-but-vacant 172,000 sq ft (16,000 m2) building.[17] At that time, Vestas employed about 400 in Portland and committed to add at least 100 more employees there within five years; the new building will have space for up to 600 workers.[17] The company moved its Portland offices to the new headquarters building, a renovated historic building, in May 2012.[18]

Vestas employs a further 750 persons at a blade manufacturing facility in Windsor, Colorado. Vestas also operates a tower facility in Pueblo, Colorado.[19] Vestas said it decided to build its North American production facilities in Colorado because of the state’s central location, extensive transportation infrastructure and rail system, existing manufacturing base, and skilled workforce.[19] Vestas wind turbine blades are made from high strength, light weight carbon fiber supplied by Zoltek Companies Inc. in St. Louis, MO.

In January 2012, the company suggested firing 1,600 out of its 3,000 U.S. workers if the U.S. did not renew the 2.2 cents-per-kilowatt-hour Production Tax Credit,[20] which were extended in 2013.[21]

On 13 August 2012, an estimated 90 workers were laid off from the Pueblo facility. Six long colored lines, leading to an exit, had been placed on the floor. Those laid off were given one of six different colored papers, and then instructed to follow the colored line that matched the colored paper they had been given.[22]

In September 2013, Vestas made a joint venture for offshore wind turbines with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.[23][24][25][26] Their V164-8MW offshore turbine produced a record 192 MWh in 24 hours due to favourably winds.[27]

Products[edit]

Some of the more recent wind turbine models made by Vestas are listed below.[1][28] The rotor diameter (in meters) follows the V.

  • V47-660 kW (phased out)
  • V52-850 kW (phased out)
  • V60-850 kW [29] (phased out)
  • V66-1.75 MW (phased out)
  • V80-1.8 MW (phased out)
  • V80-2.0 MW
  • V82-1.65 MW (phased out)
  • V90-1.8 MW
  • V90-2.0 MW
  • V90-3.0 MW (phased out)
  • V100-1.8 MW IEC S
  • V100-2.0 MW IEC 2B
  • V100-2.6 MW (phased out)
  • V105-3.3 MW
  • V110-2.0 MW IEC 3A
  • V112-3.0 MW IEC 2A (phased out)
  • V112-3.3 MW IEC 2A
  • V112-3.3 MW IEC 1B
  • V117-3.3 MW IEC 2A
  • V126-3.3 MW[30]
  • V164-8.0MW (2014)[31] (in development)

Business strategy[edit]

The Vestas protest on the Isle of Wight in 2009.
Vestas offices in Madrid, Spain.

In July 2009, Vesta announced its operations on the Isle of Wight in England would close due to lack of demand, affecting 525 jobs there and 100 jobs in Southampton. Approximately 25 workers at the wind turbine factory on the island occupied the administration offices in protest on 20 July 2009, demanding nationalisation to save their jobs.[32]

In August 2009 Vestas hired more than 5,000 extra workers for its new factories in China, the United States, and Spain. The company said it was "expanding heavily in China and the US because these markets were growing the fastest, in contrast to the sluggish pace of wind farm development in the UK".[33] As part of this gradual shift in production away from Europe and towards China and the US, in October 2010, the company announced it was closing 5 factories in Denmark and Sweden, with the loss of 3,000 jobs.[34]

In November 2010, Vestas shut down the 70-person staff advisory department 'Vestas Excellence', responsible for securing competitiveness, handling suppliers, Quality Assurance and globalization.[35][36][dead link]

Vestas claims a strategy of focusing on customers and quality rather than turbine price and market share.[2]

In January 2011, Vestas won the $1.5m (£940,000) Zayed Future Energy Prize in Abu Dhabi. As of 2011, Vestas wind turbines generate enough electricity to provide for 21 million people.[11]

In May 2013, Marika Fredriksson became the company's new Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer after her predecessor Dag Andresen resigned for personal reasons. Her strategy is to lead Vestas back to higher earnings after the important losses faced by the company: from €166 million losses in 2011 and increasing to €963 million in 2012.[37]

Research and development[edit]

Vestas spent €92 million ($128 million), or 1.4% of revenue, on research and development in 2009. It has filed 787 wind turbine patents (227 in 2010) according to United Kingdom Intellectual Property Office (UK-IPO), while General Electric has 666 and Siemens Wind Power has 242.[38]

According to a Life-cycle assessment by Vestas, a wind turbine makes back the manufacturing energy in about 7 months, and carbon dioxide emission during production and maintenance is about 7 grams per kWh.[39]

In October 2009, Vestas and QinetiQ claimed a successful test of a stealth wind turbine blade mitigating radar reflection problems for aviation.[40][41][42][43]

In December 2010 Vestas were developing of a 7 MW offshore turbine,[8] with a 164 m rotor diameter. Prototypes of it will be manufactured at Lindø due to size, crane and port access requirements, but series production will occur in England.[44] DONG Energy will test a prototype in the sea off Frederikshavn in 2013, at a cost of DKK 240 million.[45][46]

In June 2011, the Vestas supercomputer Firestorm was number 53 on the TOP500-list of the world's most powerful computers[47] calculating worldwide weather in a 3x3 km grid, and it delivers daily weather reports to the newspaper Ekstra Bladet[48] and similar purposes.[49] In 2012, Vestas donated the older 1344-core supercomputer from 2008 to Aalborg University.[50]

WindFloat, operating at rated capacity (2MW), approximately 5km offshore of Agucadoura, Portugal

In October 2011, Vestas participated in the deployment of a floating wind turbine offshore of Portugal. Vestas supplied a v80 2.0 MW offshore turbine to Windplus, S.A. (a joint-venture company including Energias de Portugal, Repsol, Principle Power, A. Silva Matos, Inovcapital and Portugal Ventures).[51] The system, known as the WindFloat, consists of a semi-submerssible type floating foundation, a conventional catenary mooring, and the wind turbine. The successful deployment represents the first offshore multi-megawatt wind turbine to be installed without the use of any heavy-lift or specialized offshore construction equipment.

In 2012, Vestas scaled back and closed some of its R&D offices in Houston, Marlborough, Louisville, China, Singapore and Denmark.[52]

In August 2013, Vestas started operating its 20 MW test bench for nacelles in Aarhus.[53]

On September 5, 2013, Dr. Chris Spruce, Vestas Senior Product Engineer, served as member of the Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) for the kite-energy-systems project ERC HIGHWIND, a project at KU Leuven dedicated to the research and development of tethered airfoils dedicated to generating energy by airborne wind energy (AWE). [54]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Annual Report 2013". Vestas. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Reddall, Braden. Vestas will not chase market share at any price Reuters/BTM Consult, 1 September 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  3. ^ a b Acher, John. Vestas kept No. 1 spot in wind market -consultant Reuters/MAKE, 17 March 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  4. ^ Greentech Media: A Record Year for World Wind Power in 2012
  5. ^ Bloomberg: Vestas Regains Wind Turbine Market Share Lead in Navigant Study
  6. ^ a b c Goska Romanowicz (21 March 2007). "Profits soar for top wind turbine maker". Faversham House Group Ltd. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  7. ^ "From 1971-1986: Energy experiments and the brink of disaster". Vestas. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Beattie, David (22 December 2010). "Key Players in the Wind Energy: Pausing for Thought". Renewable Energy World. 
  9. ^ Portfolio 21: Vestas Wind Systems Top Green Company of 2006. Environmentalleader.com (29 January 2007).
  10. ^ Invest in Denmark
  11. ^ a b Vidal, John (19 January 2011). "Vestas gives away energy prize winnings to runners-up". The Guardian. 
  12. ^ Vestas' track record 31 December 2012
  13. ^ Wind as a modern energy source: the Vestas view. (PDF).
  14. ^ "More job losses at Vestas as it closes China factory and restructures Asia businesses" Elsevier/ Reinforced plastics, 27 June 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  15. ^ Read, Richard (8 September 2009). "Vestas looking at existing buildings for headquarters". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  16. ^ Read, Richard; Manning, Jeff (18 August 2010). "Oregon, Portland help wind turbine maker Vestas build $66 million HQ". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  17. ^ a b Siemers, Erik (18 August 2010). "Vestas keeps HQ in Portland, moving to the Pearl". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  18. ^ Williams, Christina (23 May 2012). "Gallery: Inside Vestas' new digs". Sustainable Business Oregon. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "Colorado Cluster: State Gets Another Vestas Facility", Wind Energy Weekly, May 14, 2010.
  20. ^ Sulugiuc, Gelu (25 January 2012). "Vestas Jobs Threat Pressures Obama to Extend Tax Break". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  21. ^ Gerhardt, Tina (6 January 2013). "Wind Energy Gets a Boost Off Fiscal Cliff Deal". The Progressive. 
  22. ^ Severance, Ryan (14 August 2012). "Vestas employees told one by one of layoffs". Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "Vestas and MHI Establish Strong Offshore Wind Partnership" OffshoreWind.biz, 30 September 2013. Accessed: 30 September 2013.
  24. ^ Mitsubishi Heavy Joins With Vestas in Offshore Wind Projects
  25. ^ Ben Backwell. "Full speed ahead for Vestas/MHI" ReCharge News, 27 September 2013. Accessed: 30 September 2013.
  26. ^ "Analyst: Mitsubishi increases Vestas' chance of success" (in Danish) Børsen, 30 September 2013. Accessed: 30 September 2013.
  27. ^ "MHI Vestas 8 MW Turbine Breaks World Record" Offshorewind.biz, 17 October 2014.
  28. ^ We face the challenge Vestas films
  29. ^ "V60-850 kW" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  30. ^ "Vestas launches new variant of 3 MW turbine". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Gamechanging Vestas V164 Wind Turbine Continues Groundbreaking Development (8MW Wind Turbine!)". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  32. ^ Matthew Weaver and Steven Morris (21 July 2009). "Staff occupy Isle of Wight wind turbine plant in protest against closure". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  33. ^ "Vestas expands wind turbine manufacturing in China and US as British demand collapses". Guardian. 18 August 2009. 
  34. ^ Reuters. Reuters.
  35. ^ Stage, Mie. Vestas fires 70 experts (in Danish) Ing.dk, 17 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  36. ^ [1] (in Danish, paid access) Børsen, November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  37. ^ http://www.cfo-insight.com/human-capital-career/executive-change/marika-fredriksson-succeeds-dag-andresen-as-new-vestas-cfo/
  38. ^ Rosen, Ellen. Intellectual Property Bloomberg, 11 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  39. ^ "Life cycle assessment of electricity produced from onshore sited wind power plants based on Vestas V82-1.65 MW turbines" page 4. Vestas, 29 December 2006. Accessed: 27 November 2014.
  40. ^ QinetiQ and Vestas test 'stealth technology' for wind turbines Renewable Energy Focus, 26 October 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  41. ^ 'Stealth' wind turbine blade may end radar problem Reuters. Cnet, 27 January 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  42. ^ Fairly, Peter. Stealth-Mode Wind Turbines Technology Review, 2 November 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  43. ^ Appleton, Steve. Stealth blades – a progress report QinetiQ. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  44. ^ Dyrskjøt, Mette. Vestas builds turbines at Lindø Børsen, 24 November 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  45. ^ Nymark, Jens. Seaturbines competitive in 15 years Børsen, 15 November 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  46. ^ Vestas/DONG tests 7 MW turbine fushi, 27 October 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  47. ^ List of Top 500 systems, 1–100 June 2011, TOP500. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  48. ^ Kildebogaard, Jesper. "Danmarks hurtigste supercomputer leverer vejrudsigt til Ekstra Bladet" Ingeniøren / Version2, 24 April 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  49. ^ Jesper Kildebogaard. "Vestas' supercomputer finder den bedste bakketop til vindmøllen på 5 minutter" Ingeniøren / Version2, 1 November 2013. Accessed: 2 November 2013.
  50. ^ Kildebogaard, Jesper. "Vestas forærer aflagt supercomputer til Aalborg Universitet" Ingeniøren / Version2, 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  51. ^ Semi-submersible wind turbine is floating into the future "ReCharge" 4 July 2012
  52. ^ Dvorak, Paul (2 November 2012). "Sad sign of the times: Vestas closing R&D facilities". Wind Power Engineering. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  53. ^ "Vestas Begins Operating Wind Industry’s Largest Test Bench" CleanTechnica, 20 August 2013. Accessed: 30 September 2013.
  54. ^ Scientific Advisory Board meeting introduction. September 5, 2013, meeting date.

External links[edit]