Vestby within Akershus
|• Mayor (2007)||John Ødbehr (H)|
|• Total||134 km2 (52 sq mi)|
|• Land||134 km2 (52 sq mi)|
|Area rank||367 in Norway|
|• Rank||84 in Norway|
|• Density||96/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||13.9 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0211|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Vestby farm (Old Norse: Vestbýr), since the first church was built here. The first element is vestr which means "west" and the last element is býr meaning "farm". The neighbouring farms have the names Østby ("eastern farm"), Sunnby ("southern farm"), and Nordby ("northern farm"); and they must all four be the parts of a bigger an older farm, which name is now unknown.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 18 June 1982 and designed by Bjørn Linnestad. The arms show three gold bottony crosses on a red background, two over one. They represent the three original parishes in the municipality: Vestby, Garder, and Såner. At the same time they also represent the three natural harbors in the area: Emmerstad, Kjøvangen, and Sonskilen.
Many Norwegian emigrants went to America during the 1840s and later settled in the area of the present city of Westby, Wisconsin (named after general store owner and American Civil War Union soldier Ole T. Westby); a city which still has a mostly Norwegian American population.
Hølen became known for the production of timber. It became a lading place in the 17th century.
Vestby was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The municipality and lading place of Hølen was merged with Vestby on 1 July 1943. The municipality and lading place of Son was merged with Vestby on 1 January 1964. (The lading place of Hvitsten in Vestby has never been a municipality of its own.)
Vestby includes the villages Vestby, Hølen, Hvitsten, Garder, and Son. Recently urbanized areas are Randem, Pepperstad skog, and Sole skog. Randem is located north of the municipal centre, Vestby, and includes an industrial area. Pepperstad is located southwest of Vestby, by the road 155. Sole skog lies west of the centre. The village of Vestby has 5,424 inhabitants (2006). All the small towns together have over 13,000 inhabitants.
- Ola Abrahamsson (1883–1980): painter
- Erik Bodom (1829–1879): painter
- Caspar Wessel (1745–1818): mathematician
- Johan Herman Wessel (1742–1785): poet
Twin towns — Sister cities
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-16.
- "Kommunevåpenet for Vestby kommune" (in Norwegian). Vestby kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
- "Vennskapskommune" (in Norwegian). Vestby kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
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