Vestre Toten

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Vestre Toten kommune
Municipality
Eina
Coat of arms of Vestre Toten kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Vestre Toten kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Vestre Toten within Oppland
Vestre Toten within Oppland
Coordinates: 60°39′10″N 10°35′46″E / 60.65278°N 10.59611°E / 60.65278; 10.59611Coordinates: 60°39′10″N 10°35′46″E / 60.65278°N 10.59611°E / 60.65278; 10.59611
Country Norway
County Oppland
District Toten
Administrative centre Raufoss
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Leif Waarum[1] (Ap)
Area
 • Total 249 km2 (96 sq mi)
 • Land 231 km2 (89 sq mi)
Area rank 303 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 12,597
 • Rank 86 in Norway
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -4.0 %
Demonym Vestretotning[2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0529
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.vestre-toten.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Vestre Toten is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Toten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Raufoss.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The name comes from the Old Norse word Þótn. The meaning of Toten is unknown (maybe "the pleasant district"). The meaning of the name Vestre Toten is "(the) western (part of) Toten". (The parish of Toten was divided in 1825.)[3]

See also: Østre Toten

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 3 May 1991. The arms show two silver knives on a green background. They are a typical type of knife from the area (the special "Toten-knives"). It symbolizes the long tradition of wood carving. The arms were designed by Inge Rotevatn.[4][5]

See also: Coat-of-arms of Gjerstad

History[edit]

According to the sagas, Halfdan Hvitbeinn (Whiteleg) was the first Yngling in Norway. He conquered Romerike, part of Hedmark, part of Vestfold, and Toten. He was killed in Toten around the year 740.[6]

In 1021, according to saga, King Olaf (reigned 1015-1028) converted Toten to Christianity. Also, King Håkon IV (reigned 1217–1263) came to Toten around the year 1226 to settle local unrest.[6]

Christian II (1481-1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513-1523), and Sweden (1520-1521), under the Kalmar Union. Prior to becoming king, Duke Christian was sent to Norway in 1506 by John II (also called Hans), King of Norway (1483 – 1513) to take charge of the kingdom. In 1507, he became aware of a revolt in Hedmark. In early 1508, he took a force there, routing the rebellion. He then rowed across lake Mjøsa to Toten, capturing residents, imprisoning them in the vaulted cellar of the rectory in Østre Toten and torturing them there. As a result, he determined that Bishop Karl of Hamar had been behind the rebellion. With Bishop Karl as his captive, he was able to suppress the unrest.[6]

Toten was a part of Akershus county until 1756, when it was reassigned to Oppland county. Lauritz Weideman, Corporal Peder Balke, and Nels Dyhren from Toten attended the 1814 constitutional convention at Eidsvold.[6]

Vestre Toten was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The areas of Kolbu and Eina were separated from Vestre Toten on 1 January 1908. Eina was, however, merged back into the municipality of Vestre Toten on 1 January 1964 (and Kolbu was merged into Østre Toten at this time also).

Geography[edit]

Einavatnet with the farmland along the lake

The municipal center is Raufoss. Other smaller towns in the municipality include Eina, Reinsvoll, and Bøverbru.

Vestre Toten borders on Østre Toten to the east, Gjøvik to the north, Gran to the south and Søndre Land to the west.

The highest point is Lauvhøgda with a height of 722 metres (2,369 ft). The Hunnselva river begins in the Einavatnet lake and ends in the Mjøsa at Gjøvik.

Economy[edit]

Farming and industry are important. Raufoss Aluminum is a major employer in the community. The Gjøvikbanen train line passes through the community.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.vestre-toten.kommune.no/artikler/ordforeren-2
  2. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 49. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  5. ^ "Kommunevåpen". Vestre Toten kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-01. [dead link] (Norwegian)
  6. ^ a b c d Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 

External links[edit]