Vesyegonsky District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vesyegonsky District
Весьегонский район (Russian)
Tver-oblast-Vesiegonsk.png
Location of Vesyegonsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 58°39′N 37°16′E / 58.650°N 37.267°E / 58.650; 37.267Coordinates: 58°39′N 37°16′E / 58.650°N 37.267°E / 58.650; 37.267
Ovinishe-Vesyegonsk.JPG
OvinishchiVesyegonsk railway in Vesyegonsky District
Flag of Vesegonsky rayon (Tver oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center town of Vesyegonsk[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 7
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 263
Municipal structure (as of June 2006)
Municipally incorporated as Vesyegonsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area 2,047 km2 (790 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 13,481 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 54.4%
- Rural 45.6%
Density 6.59/km2 (17.1/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Official website
Vesyegonsky District on WikiCommons

Vesyegonsky District (Russian: Весьего́нский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Cherepovetsky District of Vologda Oblast in the northeast, Breytovsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast in the southeast, Krasnokholmsky District in the south, Molokovsky District in the southwest, Sandovsky District in the west, and with Ustyuzhensky District of Vologda Oblast in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,047 square kilometers (790 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Vesyegonsk.[1] Population: 13,481 (2010 Census);[5] 16,517 (2002 Census);[8] 19,879 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Vesyegonsk accounts for 54.4% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The whole area of the district is flatland adjacent from the west to the Rybinsk Reservoir, which was filled in the 1940s and submerged the lower course of the Mologa River, a major tributary of the Volga River. The Mologa forms the northeastern border of the district, and rivers in the whole area in the district drain into the Mologa or formerly drained into the Mologa and now drain into the Rybinsk Revservoir. The largest tributaries of the Rybinsk Reservoir within the district are the Renya (with the left tributary, the Zvana), the Kesma, and the Sebla. Much of the area of the district is covered by forest.

History[edit]

The area of the district was originally populated by the Ves, a Finnic tribe; the name of Vesyegonsk derives from the Ves. In the 12th century, the area was at the border between the Novgorod Republic and Rostov-Suzdal Principality (which subsequently evolved into Vladimir-Suzdal Principality). After the latter one disintegrated into smaller feudal domains, the area subsequently passed through the Rostov, Uglich, Yaroslavl, and Beloozero principalities, before ending up in the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the 15th century; by the end of the 15th century, the Novgorod Republic was annexed by Moscow as well.[10]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate), but in 1727 it was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and in 1776 Vesyegonsky Uyezd was established as a part of Tver Viceroyalty. Vesyegonsk got the town status. In 1796, the viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate, and Vesyegonsky Uyezd was abolished, the area was moved to Bezhetsky Uyezd. In 1803, it was re-established.[10] On April 25, 1921, Vesyegonsky Uyezd was transferred to newly established Rybinsk Governorate. On February 15, 1923, Rybinsk Governorate was abolished, and the uyezd was transferred back to Tver Governorate.[11]

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Vesyegonsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Vesyegonsk, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Vesyegonsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On March 5, 1935 a new division of Kalinin Oblast was introduced, and the area of Vesyegonsk District was reduced.[11] In 1939, the construction of the Rybinsk Reservoir started, and large areas in the lower course of the Mologa were to be submerged under water. In particular, the town of Vesyegonsk was submerged. Because of this, Vesyegonsk was moved to a new location, downgraded to an urban-type settlement,[10] and the administrative center of the district in September, 1939 was moved to the selo of Telyatino. On April 26, 1940 Vesyegonsky District was abolished and split between Sandovsky and Ovinishchensky District. On March 3, 1949 the district was re-established on the areas which previously belonged to Sandovsky and Ovinishchensky Districts, and Vesyegonsk was made the district center. In 1953, Vesyegonsk was granted town status.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

On March 5, 1935 Ovinishchensky District with the administrative center in the selo of Kesma was established on the areas which previously belonged to Vesyegonsky and Krasnokholmsky Districts. On July 4, 1956 the district was abolished and split between Vesyegonsky and Krasnokholmsky Districts.[11][12]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber and food industries in the district.[13]

Agriculture[edit]

As of 2011, 42 mid-scale farms were operating in the district. The main specialization of agriculture is cattle breeding with meat and milk production. Only 50% of agricultural lands are in use.[13]

Transportation[edit]

A railway connecting Moscow and Mga via Sonkovo and Pestovo crosses the southern part of the district. The major railway stations are in Ovinishchi. There, a railway branches off north to Vesyegonsk, which is the terminal station. The branch between Ovinishchi and Vesyegonsk is said to be the first railway completed in the Soviet Union.[10]

Vesyegonsk is connected by roads with Ustyuzhna and with Tver via Krasny Kholm and Bezhetsk. There are also local roads. There is bus traffic originating from Vesyegonsk.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The Trinity Church in the selo of Lyubegoshchi.

The district contains two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance (five of them in Vesyegonsk).[14] The federal monuments are the Presentation Church of the early 19th century in the selo of Churikovo and an archeological site.

Vesyegonsk hosts the Vesyegonsk District Museum, which has expositions on local history.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 210», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 210, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  3. ^ Law #21-ZO
  4. ^ a b Весьегонский район - общая информация (in Russian). Муниципальное образование Весьегонский район. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d Наша история (in Russian). Муниципальное образование Весьегонский район. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Кондрашов, А. (5 March 2013). "8. "Колхозная правда"". Весьегонская жизнь (in Russian) (Vesyegonsk) 2013 (9). 
  13. ^ a b Инвестиционная привлекательность района (in Russian). Муниципальное образование Весьегонский район. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  15. ^ Весьегонский краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №21-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Весьегонский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №52-ЗО от 6 июня 2006 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Тверской области, регулирующие вопросы установления границ муниципальных образований Тверской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #21-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Vesyegonsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #52-ZO of June 6, 2006 On Amending Various Laws of Tver Oblast on Regulating the Issues of Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).