Veszprém

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This article is about the city. For the current county, see Veszprém County. For the historical county, see Veszprém County (former).
Veszprém
City
Veszprém castle.jpg
Coat of arms of Veszprém
Coat of arms
Veszprém is located in Hungary
Veszprém
Veszprém
Location of Veszprém
Coordinates: 47°05′35″N 17°54′50″E / 47.09296°N 17.91377°E / 47.09296; 17.91377Coordinates: 47°05′35″N 17°54′50″E / 47.09296°N 17.91377°E / 47.09296; 17.91377
Country  Hungary
County Veszprém
Area
 • Total 126.93 km2 (49.01 sq mi)
Elevation 266 m (873 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 64,339
 • Rank 16th
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 8200
Area code(s) 88
Website www.veszprem.hu

Veszprém (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈvɛspreːm]; German: Weißbrunn, Slovene: Belomost) is one of the oldest urban areas in Hungary, and a city with county rights. It lies approximately 15 km (9 mi) north of the Lake Balaton. It is the administrative center of the county (comitatus or 'megye') of the same name.

Location, name and legend[edit]

Veszprém lies on both sides of the Séd creek, approximately 110 km (68 mi) from Budapest (via the M7 highway and Road 8). It can also be reached from Győr via Road 82 and from Székesfehérvár via Road 8.

The name of the city originates from the Slavic word Bezprym, which was originally a personal name. Ján Kollár derived its name from Ves Perunova - Perun's village and mentioned also a German derivation from Weiss-Brunn - white well. The city was named either after a chieftain, or the son of Princess Judith (elder sister of St. Stephen of Hungary), who settled here after her husband Boleslaus I of Poland expelled her and her son.

According to legend, Veszprém was founded on seven hills. The seven hills are Várhegy (Castle Hill), Benedek-hegy (St. Benedict Hill), Jeruzsálem-hegy (Jerusalem Hill), Temetőhegy (Cemetery Hill), Gulyadomb (Herd Hill), Kálvária-domb (Calvary Hill), and Cserhát.

History[edit]

Veszprém-J.C. Leopold.jpg
Veszprém in the Kingdom of Hungary in 1913

Anonymus Belæ Regis Notarius (the anonymous notary of King Béla III) wrote that a castle already stood here when the Hungarians first occupied the area. The castle was probably a 9th-century Frankish fortress. The castles of Veszprém, Esztergom and Székesfehérvár, were the earliest Hungarian stone castles, which had already been built during the reign of High Prince Géza, a time when motte castles were much more common.

Veszprém had an important religious role during the struggle to make Christianity the official religion of Hungary - Stephen I of Hungary defeated the armies of his chief opponent, Koppány, near Veszprém. The city became the first episcopal seat of Hungary in 1009 and an archiepiscopal seat in 1993. Comitatus Veszprém was one of the earliest historical counties of Hungary.

During the 13th century Mongol invasion of Hungary, Veszprém was protected by its castle.

Veszprém was the favorite city of Queen Gisela, the wife of St. Stephen. For centuries, the queens of Hungary were crowned by the bishop of Veszprém. The city is still often called "the city of queens". In the year 1294 Queen Fenenna confirmed that, at that time, the former(!) Queen Elizabeth had the privilege to collect the donations of the church in the Veszprém County.

Veszprém was among the first Hungarian cities to have a university - students studied law and arts here for several centuries. The university was destroyed by fire in 1276. Veszprém became a university town again in the 20th century.

Veszprém changed hands between Austrians and Ottomans until 1684 after the Battle of Mohács in 1526. It was known as "Pespirim" and was a sanjak centre in Budin Province during Ottoman rule.

The town was plundered by the Turcs in 1552,[1] but they could not maintain occupation: the region north of lake Balaton remained in the Kingdom of Hungary (1538–1867) (captaincy between Balaton and Drava). The castle was demolished in 1706. Until 1918, VESZPRIM (also named WESZPRIM and WESPRIM near 1850, and WEISSBRUNN in German) was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary;[2] in Transleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary.

The Castle Gate
Szent István völgyhíd (11714. számú műemlék) 2.jpg

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 14,279 —    
1880 14,726 +3.1%
1890 14,807 +0.6%
1900 16,223 +9.6%
1910 16,864 +4.0%
1920 17,513 +3.8%
1930 19,991 +14.1%
1941 24,025 +20.2%
1949 20,682 −13.9%
1960 28,222 +36.5%
1970 40,415 +43.2%
1980 57,249 +41.7%
1990 63,867 +11.6%
2001 62,851 −1.6%
2011 61,721 −1.8%

Ethnic groups (2001 census)

Religions (2001 census)

Notable citizens[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Veszprém is twinned with:[3]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ German Wikipedia.
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  3. ^ "Nemzetközi kapcsolatok". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Kursk guide
  5. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie". Retrieved 1 May 2014.