Veturia (gens)

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The gens Veturia, anciently called Vetusia, was a patrician family at Rome, which also had plebeian branches. The patrician branch was of great antiquity. According to legendary history, Mamurius Veturius lived in the time of Numa Pompilius, and made the sacred ancilia.

The Veturii are also mentioned in the early times of the Republic, and one of them, Publius Veturius Geminus Cicurinus, was consul in the eleventh year of the Republic, 499 BC. The Veturii rarely occur in later times of the Republic, and after the year 206 BC, when Lucius Veturius Philo was consul, their name disappears from the Fasti.[1]

Origin of the gens[edit]

From the tradition of Mamurius Veturius being connected with the history of Numa, and also from his having two gentile names, we may conclude that the Veturii were of Sabine origin, and belonged to the second tribe at Rome, the Tities or Titienses. The ancient form of the nomen, Vetusius, followed the same pattern as a number of other nomina, including Fusius, Papisius, Numisius, and Valesius, which became Furius, Papirius, Numerius, and Valerius.[2]

Praenomina used by the gens[edit]

Each branch of the Veturii used a slightly different group of praenomina. The two eldest branches, which each bore the cognomen Cicurinus, both appear to have been descended from sons of Publius Veturius Geminus Cicurinus. The branch which retained the surname Geminus used Titus and Gaius, while the Crassi Cicurini used Spurius, Tiberius, Marcus, Lucius, and Gaius. Titus and Spurius were the dominant praenomina in the early generations of the family, while Lucius was the most common name amongst the later Veturii. The Veturii Philones also used the praenomen Postumus.[3]

Branches and cognomina of the gens[edit]

The Veturii were divided into families, bearing respectively the names of Calvinus, Crassus Cicurinus, Geminus Cicurinus, and Philo. The coins of the Veturia gens have no cognomen upon them.[4][5]

Cicurinus was the cognomen of a patrician family of the gens. Varro says that the Veturii obtained the surname from their quiet and domesticated (cicur) disposition. Cicurinus seems to have been the name of two distinct families of the Veturia gens, which were called respectively the Crassi Cicurini and Gemini Cicurini.[6]

Members of the gens[edit]

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Veturii Gemini Cicurini[edit]

Veturii Crassi Cicurini[edit]

  • Spurius Veturius P. f. (Crassus) Cicurinus, father of the decemvir.
  • Spurius Veturius S. f. P. n. Crassus Cicurinus, one of the decemvirs appointed to codify the first ten tables of Roman law, in 451 BC.[14][15]
  • Spurius Veturius S. f. S. n. Crassus Cicurinus, tribunus militum consulari potestate in 417 BC.[16][17]
  • Tiberius Veturius S. f. Crassus Cicurinus, father of the consular tribune of 399 BC.
  • Marcus Veturius Ti. f. S. n. Crassus Cicurinus, tribunus militum consulari potestate in 399 BC, the only patrician elected this year; his five colleagues were all plebeians.[18][19]
  • Lucius Veturius S. f. Crassus Cicurinus, father of the consular tribune of 368 and 367 BC.
  • Gaius Veturius (L. f. S. n.) Crassus Cicurinus, tribunus militum consulari potestate in 377 and 369 BC.[20][21]
  • Lucius Veturius L. f. S. n. Crassus Cicurinus, tribunus militum consulari potestate in 368 and 367 BC.[22]

Veturii Philones[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.