Vexillology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Vexillology is the "scientific study of the history, symbolism and usage of flags or, by extension, any interest in flags in general" [1] The word is a synthesis of the Latin word vexillum ("flag") and the Greek suffix -logia ("study"). It is formally defined by the International Federation of Vexillological Associations (known by its French acronym FIAV) constitution as "the creation and development of a body of knowledge about flags of all types, their forms and functions, and of scientific theories and principles based on that knowledge."

The term was conceived in 1957 by the U.S. scholar and vexillologist Whitney Smith and first appeared in print in 1959 (12). It was originally considered a sub-discipline of heraldry,[2] and is still occasionally seen as such. A person who studies flags is a vexillologist. Vexillography is the art of designing flags; a person who designs flags is a vexillographer. A person who simply likes, admires, or enjoys flags is a vexillophile.

Since 1965, an International Congress of Vexillology (ICV) has been organized every two years under the auspices of FIAV. The 2013 ICV was in Rotterdam, Netherlands.[3] Internet activity of vexillologists is centered on the Flags of the World website and mailing list.

Prominent vexillologists[edit]

  • E.M.C. Barraclough, Laureate of FIAV and author of Flags of the World
  • Ralph Bartlett, leader in the Flag Society of Australia; former secretary-general for congresses (1989–1997) and Fellow of FIAV; and expert on flags of aspirant peoples
  • Graham Bartram, Chief Vexillologist and Fellow of the Flag Institute; Secretary-General for Congresses (1999–present) of FIAV; and author of British Flags and Emblems, Flags of All Nations (BR20), and Flying Flags in the United Kingdom
  • Bruce B. Berry, founder member of the Southern African Vexillological Association (SAVA); editor of the SAVA Journal and SAVA Newsletter; former secretary-general for congresses (1997–1999) and Fellow of FIAV
  • Hugh Boudin, Belgian vexillologist and former president (1981–1993) and Fellow of FIAV
  • Aleš Brožek, Czech vexillologist, recipient of FIAV’s 1997 Vexillon, and Fellow of FIAV
  • Andries Burgers, recipient of FIAV’s 2009 Vexillon and author of The South African Flag Book: The History of South African Flags from Dias to Mandela
  • Devereaux D. Cannon, Jr., founder of the Confederate States Vexillological Association; recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (2004) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; and author, among other flag books, of The Flags of the Confederacy and The Flags of the Union
  • Grace Rogers Cooper, former curator of textiles, Smithsonian Institution; former president (1983-1986) and first woman president of NAVA; recipient of NAVA's Whitney Smith Award (for an outstanding contribution to North American vexillology); and author, among other publications, of Thirteen-Star Flags: Keys to Identification
  • William Crampton, founder of the Flag Institute; recipient of FIAV’s 1991 Vexillon; former secretary-general for congresses (1983–1989), President (1993–1997), Fellow, and Laureate of FIAV; and author of many editions of Flags of the World
  • Emil Dreyer, president of Société Suisse de Vexillologie and former secretary-general (1991–1997) and Fellow of FIAV
  • Petr Exner, recipient of FIAV’s 2005 Vexillon and author of Vexilologický lexikon – vlajky obcí České republiky
  • Prof. Scot Guenter, academic vexillologist; former president (1991–1994) and honorary member of NAVA; Fellow and Laureate of FIAV; recipient of NAVA's Whitney Smith Award (for an outstanding contribution to North American vexillology); recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (1985, 2009) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; and author of The American Flag, 1777–1924: Cultural Shifts from Creation to Codification
  • Kevin Harrington, president of the Canadian Flag Association; Fellow of FIAV; recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (2000) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting;and editor of Flagscan
  • Don Healy, former president (1989–1991) of NAVA; researcher of U.S. tribal flags; recipient of FIAV’s 1999 Vexillon; recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (1988, 1995) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; and author of Flags of the Native Peoples of the United States and Native American Flags (with Peter Orenski)
  • Roman Klimes, Czech founder of the World Vexillological Research Institute; Fellow of FIAV; and author of Freie Stadt Danzig – Flaggen, Wappen und Siegel (1920–1939)
  • Marc Leepson, author of Flag: An American Biography [4]
  • Michel Lupant, Belgian vexillologist; founder of the Centre Belgo-Européen d'Études des Drapeaux; full member of the Conseil d'héraldique et de vexillologie de la Communauté française de Belgique; president (1997–present) of FIAV; and author of many publications including reference works on flags of police and fire services
  • Howard M. Madaus, recipient of FIAV’s 2007 Vexillon and author of The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord & Conflict
  • David B. Martucci, former president (1998–2004) of NAVA; recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (2005) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; and expert in U.S. historical flags
  • Louis Mühlemann, Swiss vexillologist and cofounder, Fellow, and President (1969–1973) of FIAV
  • Ottfried Neubecker, German vexillologist; former president (1973–1981), secretary-general (1981–1983), Fellow, and Laureate of FIAV; and author in 1939 of the German navy Flaggenbuch
  • Bruce Nicolls, recipient of FIAV’s 1989 Vexillon, Fellow of FIAV, and author of Practical Aspects of Designing, Making and Flying Flags
  • Armand Nöel du Payrat, French vexillologist; recipient of FIAV’s 2001 Vexillon; and editor of Album des Pavillons
  • Anne M. Platoff, recipient of FIAV’s 2011 Vexillon; recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (1992, 2008) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; and author of Russian Regional Flags: The Flags of the Subjects of the Russian Federation and Where No Flag Has Gone Before: Political and Technical Aspects of Placing a Flag on the Moon
  • George H. Preble, American naval admiral and author in 1872 of History of the American Flag
  • John M. Purcell, former president (1981–1983) and honorary member of NAVA; recipient of FIAV’s 2005 Vexillon; Fellow of FIAV; recipient of NAVA's Whitney Smith Award (for an outstanding contribution to North American vexillology) and the John Purcell Award (for promoting the public understanding of vexillology); and principal author of American City Flags: 150 Flags from Akron to Yonkers
  • María José Sastre y Arribas, recipient of FIAV’s 1993 Vexillon and author of Diccionario de Vexilología and Normas de Descripción y Codificación Vexilologíca
  • Rudolf Siegel, author in 1912 of Die Flagge
  • Klaes Sierksma, founder of the Stichting voor Banistiek en Heraldiek; cofounder, Fellow, and former secretary-general for congresses (1969–1981) of FIAV; and author of numerous books on flags, including an annotated English edition of the world's first flag manuscript Flags of the World 1699-1670
  • Whitney Smith, founder of the Flag Research Center; editor of the Flag Bulletin; co-founder, secretary-general (1969–1981, 1983–1991), secretary-general for Congresses (1981–1983); founder, former president (1967–1977), president emeritus, and honorary member of NAVA; FIAV Laureate and Fellow; recipient of FIAV’s 2007 Vexillon; recipient of NAVA's Whitney Smith Award (for an outstanding contribution to North American vexillology); recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (1983) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; ; author, among other flag books, of Flags Through the Ages and Across the World, The Flag Book of the United States, and The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord & Conflict; and originator, in 1957, of the word vexillology to describe the scholarly study of flags.
  • Charles A. Spain, Texas vexillologist, Secretary-General (1997–present) of FIAV; former president (1996–1998) of NAVA; founder and secretary-treasurer of the Vexillological Association of the State of Texas; recipient, NAVA's Captain William Driver Award (1991) for best paper delivered at an annual meeting; and author of The Flags and Seals of Texas
  • Alfred Znamierowski, Polish-born founder of the Flag Design Center; recipient of FIAV’s 2003 Vexillon; Fellow of FIAV; and author of The World Encyclopedia of Flags
  • Gilbert Baker, an artist and civil rights activist who in 1978 designed the Rainbow Flag, sometimes called the Pride Flag, Gay Pride Flag, or, since the early 1990s, Queer Flag, that is often used as a symbol of gay pride in LGBT rights marches.
  • John Christian Vaughan, designer of several unofficial circulating Australian flags, including the flag of Lord Howe Island and the greater Sydney ensign, national spokesperson of the Australian National Flag Association, author of the Flags of Australia chart.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Whitney. Flags Through the Ages and Across the World New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975. Print.
  2. ^ Smith, Whitney. Flags Through the Ages and Across the World New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975. Print.
  3. ^ Netherlands Flag Congress 2013, website: www.nfc2013.com
  4. ^ Leepson, Marc. Flag: An American Biography New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2005. Print.
  5. ^ John C Vaughan, Standard Publishing House, Sydney, 1983

Further reading[edit]

  • Leepson, Marc. Flag: An American Biography New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2005. Print.
  • Smith, Whitney. Flags Through the Ages and Across the World New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975. Print.

External links[edit]