|Established||1926–27 NHL season|
|Current holder(s)||Henrik Lundqvist|
|Awarded to the||National Hockey League's top goaltender who is "adjudged to be the best at this position"|
The Vezina Trophy is awarded annually to the National Hockey League's goaltender who is "adjudged to be the best at this position". At the end of each season, the thirty NHL general managers vote to determine the winner. It is named in honour of Georges Vezina, goaltender of the Montreal Canadiens from 1910 until 1925, who died in 1926 of tuberculosis. The Trophy was first awarded after the 1926–27 NHL season and was awarded to the top goaltender. From 1946–47 to 1981–82, the trophy went to the goalkeeper(s) of the team allowing the fewest number of goals during the regular season; now, the William M. Jennings Trophy is awarded for this.
The Vezina Trophy was named in honor of Georges Vezina, an exceptional goaltender with the Montreal Canadiens. Vezina collapsed during a game in 1925 and was diagnosed as having tuberculosis, of which he died in 1926. Upon Vezina's death, the trophy was donated to the League by the Canadiens' owners, Leo Dandurand, Louis Letourneau and Joe Cattarinich to honour Vezina permanently. It was first awarded at the end of the 1926–27 NHL season to George Hainsworth who had come to Montreal to succeed Vezina..
The trophy was accepted by the league at its May 15, 1927 meeting in Montreal. The criteria for winning was variously reported. The Montreal Gazette and The Globe and Mail reported that it was 'to be awarded each year to the goalkeeper in the National Hockey League having the best (goals against) average,' while the Toronto Star reported that the trophy went to the 'most valuable' goaltender in the league. When Hainsworth won his third Vezina at the end of the 1928–29 NHL season, the trophy was reported to be for the 'most outstanding' goaltender in the league. However, later reports state that the trophy was based on the lowest goals against average (GAA).
The Vezina Trophy was quite prestigious, as it was one of the three major personal awards given out by the National Hockey League at the time, along with the Hart Trophy and the Lady Byng Trophy. The hockey media would closely follow a tight "Vezina Trophy race," such as in 1940–41 when Frank Brimsek, Turk Broda, and Johnny Mowers were separated by only three goals entering the final weekend of the season.
In February of 1946, the NHL officially stated that the trophy was to go to the team that allowed the fewest number of goals during the regular season. The goaltender playing the most games for that team would be awarded the Trophy. Manager Tommy Gorman of the Montreal Canadiens stated that if the trophy was awarded to his team, that the manner of awarding the trophy to Bibeault or Durnan would be decided by his management. However at a banquet that October, National Hockey League President Clarence Campbell indicated that while the league was considering changing the voting methods of the Calder Memorial Trophy, the Hart Trophy and the Lady Byng Trophy, the criteria for the Vezina was not actually changing.
Since it was common for goaltenders to start every game before 1950, the Vezina usually went to the goaltender with the lowest personal goals against average in the league; however, there were two notable exceptions. George Hainsworth was awarded the inaugural trophy, while Clint Benedict had the lowest GAA in 1926–27. Hainsworth's Canadiens allowed fewer goals as a team than Benedict's Senators. Wilf Cude had the lowest GAA in 1933–34 in 30 games split between two clubs, but the Vezina was awarded to Charlie Gardiner who started all 48 games for the Chicago Blackhawks, the team that allowed the fewest goals.
The National Hockey League lengthened the schedule to 70 games starting in 1949–50. Before then, it was very common for a goaltender to play every minute of his team's season, and only three Vezina winners - Frank Brimsek in both 1938–39 (43 of 48 games) and 1941–42 (47 of 48 games) and Bill Durnan in 1944–45 (40 of 50 games) failed to start every game for their respective clubs.
As teams started to regularly use more than one goaltender in a season, it became more common for the goaltender with the lowest GAA to not be a member of the team that allowed the fewest goals. The Vezina continued to be awarded to the goaltender who started the most games for the team that allowed the fewest goals, but the Vezina winners of 1954–55, 1960–61, 1962–63 and 1963–64 did not have the lowest GAAs.
The National Hockey League began allowing teammates to split the Vezina trophy following the 1964–65 NHL season. The Toronto Maple Leafs allowed 173 goals against, barely beating out the Montreal Canadiens' 175 goals against and the Chicago Blackhawks' 176 goals against. Terry Sawchuk played 36 games for the Leafs with a GAA of 2.56, while his teammate Johnny Bower played 34 games with a league-leading GAA of 2.38, but Sawchuk was to be the sole winner under the old criteria. During the season, the two agreed to split the $1000 prize money that came with the trophy if either of them won. At the end of the season, Sawchuk publicly stated that he would refuse the trophy if Bower would not also have his name inscribed. The NHL subsequently changed the rule to allow any goaltender who played a minimum of 25 games to qualify for the Vezina if his team allowed the fewest goals against, and applied this rule retroactively to Sawchuk and Bower. Under this criteria, Turk Broda would have shared the Vezina that Al Rollins won in 1950–51. This criterion was in place until 1980–81.
The old Vezina criteria had the trophy going to the goaltender(s) of the team that was best at preventing goals, not necessarily the best individual performance. The best goaltender, as voted by the media, was the NHL First Team All-Star. These often differed, such as in 1979–80 when Don Edwards and Bob Sauve shared the Vezina while Tony Esposito was named to the First Team.
As of the 1981–82 NHL season, the Vezina Trophy has been given to the most outstanding goaltender as voted by the general managers of the NHL teams. Billy Smith of the New York Islanders was the first winner of the Vezina under the current system. The William M. Jennings Trophy, given to the goaltender(s) who play(s) more than 25 games for the team that allows the fewest goals, serves the function of the old Vezina.
The voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by the 30 general managers of the teams in the National Hockey League, and each individual voter ranks their top three candidates on a 5-3-1 points system. Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs.
Jacques Plante holds the record for winning the most Vezinas with seven, followed by Bill Durnan and Dominik Hasek both of whom have won six. Hasek has won the most awards under the current system of voting for the best individual goalie. Players for the Montreal Canadiens have won the Vezina 28 times. During the 1973–74 NHL season, the Chicago Black Hawks and the Philadelphia Flyers finished tied for the fewest goals against; therefore their respective goaltenders Tony Esposito and Bernie Parent were both awarded the trophy, the only time that it would be shared between two players from different teams.
There are only three players that have won both the Vezina and Hart Memorial Trophy for the same season: Jacques Plante for 1961–62; Dominik Hasek twice for 1996–97 and 1997–98; and Jose Theodore for 2001–02. Two other Vezina winning goaltenders have also won the Hart Memorial Trophy: Roy Worters and Al Rollins. Chuck Rayner was the only goaltender to win the Hart Memorial Trophy, but never the Vezina.
When introduced, the Vezina Trophy was awarded to the top goaltender in the league. Several winners, including Hainsworth in 1927 and Gardiner in 1934 did not have the lowest goals-against average. In 1946, the NHL Governors further clarified the criteria for winning. It was to go to the team with the fewest goals scored against it during the season. The goalie playing the most games for the team was awarded the Trophy. In 1965, the NHL Governors began allowing teammates to share the Vezina Trophy. From 1965-1981, the Vezina was awarded to any goaltenders who played 25 or more games for the team allowing the fewest goals against.
The NHL adopted the current criteria for the Vezina Trophy beginning in 1981-82. The William M. Jennings Trophy was created as a new award for the goaltender(s) playing 25 or more games for the team allowing the fewest goals against.
2012–13 finalists 
- Sergei Bobrovsky, Columbus Blue Jackets (First nomination)
- Henrik Lundqvist, New York Rangers (Fifth nomination, One-time winner)
- Antti Niemi, San Jose Sharks (First nomination)
See also 
- List of National Hockey League awards
- List of NHL players
- List of NHL statistical leaders
- William M. Jennings Trophy
- "Vezina Trophy history". NHL.com. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Referee-in-Chief as Supervisor in Major Pro Hockey". Montreal Gazette. May 16, 1927. p. 20.
- "No Changes Likely in Pro Circuit". The Globe and Mail. May 16, 1927. p. 11.
- "Frank Calder to deal with Art Ross". Toronto Star. May 16, 1927. p. 10.
- "Hainsworth Wins Memorial Trophy". The Telegraph Herald and Times Journal. April 4, 1929. p. 11.
- "Sports on Parade". Montreal Gazette. March 20, 1936. p. 14.
- "Brimsek No. 1 Rookie". The Windsor Daily Star. March 30, 1939. p. 30.
- "Tough Job! NHL Goaltenders having Trouble". The Leader-Post. December 5, 1942. p. 7.
- "NHL Trophy Awards are Announced". Ottawa Citizen. April 18, 1933. p. 6.
- "Red Wings, Bruins Play to Draw, 2-2 - Mowers Maintains Three-Goal Edge Over Brimsek in Vezina Trophy Race". Montreal Gazette. March 17, 1941. p. 12.
- "Goal Tenders Fighting for Vezina Trophy". The Day. March 17, 1941. p. 7.
- "NHL Governors Reinstate "Babe" Pratt But Eliminate Right of Appeal In Future". Ottawa Citizen. February 15, 1946. p. 14.
- DeGeer, Vern (February 15, 1946). "N.H.L Players to Slice Juicy Playoff Melon". The Globe and Mail. p. 15.
- "To Review Puck Plan - System for Awarding of Cups May be Altered". Windsor Daily Star. October 31, 1946. p. 32.
- "Sawchuk Will Share Vezina Wealth With Johnny Bower". Reading Eagle. March 29, 1965. p. 17.
- Hunter, Douglas (1998). A Breed Apart - An Illustrated History of Goaltending. Benchmark Press. p. 103. ISBN 1892049031.,
- "Vezina Trophy history". LegendsofHockey.net. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- Jon Dolezar (2003-04-20). "Foppa shows the most Hart". SI.com. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- "Hart Memorial Trophy history". NHL.com. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- "Bobrovsky, Lundqvist, Niemi nominated for Vezinas". The Sports Network. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-08.