Via Campesina (from Spanish la vía campesina, the campesino way, or the Peasants' Way) describes itself as "an international movement which coordinates peasant organizations of small and middle-scale producers, agricultural workers, rural women, and indigenous communities from Asia, Africa, America, and Europe". It is a coalition of over 148 organizations, advocating family-farm-based sustainable agriculture and was the group that first coined the term "food sovereignty". Food sovereignty refers to the right to produce food on one's own territory. Via Campesina has carried out several campaigns including a campaign to defend farmer's seeds, a campaign to stop violence against women, a campaign for the recognition of the rights of peasants, a Global Campaign for agrarian reform, and others.
Organized worldwide into nine regions, the group has members throughout the world (in 70 countries). It receives support from various charities, foundations and public institutions around the world. Via Campesina claims to represent an estimated 200 million peasant families globally. As such, it is widely considered to be the world's most important and perhaps largest transnational social movement.
The organization was founded in 1993 by farmers organizations from Europe, Latin America, Asia, North America and Africa and it had its original headquarters in Belgium. It then moved to Tegucigalpa, Honduras. The headquarters office of Via Campesina is now in Jakarta, Indonesia. Henry Saragih of the Indonesian Peasant Union (SPI) is the General Coordinator.
The Indonesian group "Serikat Petani Indonesia," a member group of Via Campesina, has been responsible for continuing encroachment within the protected Harapan Rainforest, one of the last lowland rain forests on the island of Sumatra. With the support of Via Campesina, migrant farmers brought in from outside areas and different Indonesian islands have attacked, beaten, and kidnapped a number of forest rangers on at least four separate occasions. 
- The National Farmers Union in Canada
- Abahlali baseMjondolo in South Africa
- The Bhumi Uchhed Pratirodh Committee in India
- The Sindicato Labrego Galego-Comisións Labregas in Galiza.
- The EZLN in Mexico
- Fanmi Lavalas in Haiti
- Good Food March
- The Homeless Workers' Movement in Brazil
- The Landless Peoples Movement in South Africa
- The Landless Workers' Movement in Brazil
- Movement for Justice en el Barrio in the United States of America
- Narmada Bachao Andolan in India
- Take Back the Land in the United States of America
- The Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign in South Africa
- "Global Small-Scale Farmers' Movement Developing New Trade Regimes", Food First News & Views, Volume 28, Number 97 Spring/Summer 2005, p.2.
- Borras Jr., Saturnino M. “La Vía Campesina and its Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform..” Journal of Agrarian Change 8, no. 2/3 (April 2008): 258-289.
Desmarais, Annette Aurélie (2007): La Vía Campesina: Globalization and the Power of Peasants, Fernwood Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7453-2704-4
Desmarais, Annette Aurélie (2002): Vía Campesina: Consolidating an International Peasant Movement" Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2
Martínez-Torres, María Elena, and Peter M. Rosset, "La Vía Campesina: the birth and evolution of a transnational social movement", Journal of Peasant Studies, 2010
- Via Campesina English-language home page
- War on Want's Via Campesina project page
- Via Campesina: an evolving transnational social movement
- Thousands March in Cancún at La Via Campesina’s "Global Day of Action for Climate Justice" - video report by Democracy Now!
- Via Campesina is one of the organisations involved in the publication of the International Nyeleni Newsletter, voice of the Food Sovereignty movement.