Via del Babuino
Via del Babuino is a street in the historic centre of Rome (Italy). In the rione Campo Marzio, it connects Piazza del Popolo to Piazza di Spagna and is an integral part of the complex of streets known as Tridente.
The street, existent since the 13th century, had two names: Via dell’Orto di Napoli and Via del Cavalletto. In 1525, as a consequence of work ordered by Pope Clement VII, the street acquired a new aspect and a new name: Via Clementina, in honor of its creator. It later became Via Paolina, because of the works carried out under Pope Paul III in 1540. On initiative of Pope Pius V, in 1571 a new fountain for public use was installed along the street, and for its realization an ancient statue of Silenus, an ancient classical deity concerned with springs and fountains, was re-employed. The statue became quickly popular among the inhabitants of the rione because of its ugliness, insomuch as to compare its figure with a monkey: thus the Babuino (Romanesco for "Baboon") was born, soon giving its name to the whole street. Via Margutta, running in parallel to Via del Babuino, was born as a service street on the reverse side of the palaces along Via del Babuino.
- Salvator Rosa and Nicolas Poussin, about 1639;
- Franz Liszt, at the street number 89, and Madame Récamier at 65, where Salvator Rosa had formerly lived;
- at the street number 79, close to his construction sites of Piazza del Popolo and Pincian Hill, Giuseppe Valadier built his own house, in which he died;
- more recently, Leonida Rèpaci, Elsa Morante, Maria Luisa Spaziani and Elémire Zolla, among others, have chosen to live here.
- Palazzo Nainer (19th century)
- Hotel de Russie (19th century)
- Palazzo Emiliani (1879)
- Palazzo Boncompagni Sterbini (18th century)
- At #154, All Saints Church, the Anglican church of Rome
- Palazzo Boncompagni Cerasi (17th century)
- At #150, Church of Sant'Atanasio, Catholic church of Greek Rite
- Fountain of the Babuino
- Pontificio collegio greco (18th century)
- Palazzo Valadier (18th century)
- Palazzetto Raffaelli (18th century)
- Palazzo Saulini (18th century)
- Palazzo Righetti (19th century)
The street number 150 houses the Museo Atelier Canova-Tadolini.
- Source: Massimo Grillandi, Via del Babuino sacra all'arte e agli artisti in Strenna dei Romanisti 1963