Viburnum plicatum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Viburnum plicatum
Viburnum plicatum Mariesii B.jpg
Plant in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. plicatum
Binomial name
Viburnum plicatum

Viburnum plicatum (Japanese: yabudemari, oodemari), common name Japanese snowball, is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae), native to mainland China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan.[1]

Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is a deciduous shrub. The leaves are opposite, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and 3–6 cm broad, simple ovate to oval, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced in flat corymbs 5–10 cm (2–4 in) in diameter, comprising a central cluster of fertile yellowish-white flowers 5 mm diameter, surrounded by a ring of showy, sterile flowers 2–3 cm diameter, which act as a target guide to pollinating insects. The fruit is an ovoid blue-black drupe 8–10 mm long.[2][3]

Plants from Taiwan are sometimes distinguished as Viburnum plicatum var. formosanum Liu & Ou.[4]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

"Snowball" flowers of a sterile cultivar

Viburnum plicatum is a popular ornamental plant, both in its native area and elsewhere in temperate regions. Some of the more popular cultivars are selected for having all of their flowers large and sterile with few or no fertile flowers; their flowerheads resemble a snowball, giving them the popular name "Japanese snowball bush". Cultivars of this type include 'Grandiflorum' and 'Rotundifolium'.

Cultivars with wild-type flowerhead structure are sometimes described as a separate botanical form V. plicatum f. tomentosum. They include 'Cascade', 'Lanarth' and 'Rowallane'.[2][3] Two cultivars in this group, 'Mariesii'[5] and 'Pink Beauty',[6] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Viburnum plicatum
  2. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. ^ a b Bean, W. J. (1980). Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles 8th ed., vol. 4. John Murray ISBN 0-7195-2428-8.
  4. ^ Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute: Viburnum plicatum var. formosanum
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Viburnum plicatum 'Mariesii'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Viburnum plicatum 'Pink Beauty'". Retrieved 8 June 2013.