Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Patna
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|Archdiocese of Patna
पटना के सूबा
|Area||28,808 km2 (11,123 sq mi)|
|(as of 2005)
|Established||10 September 1919|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Mary Mother of Perpetual Help in Patna|
|Co-cathedral||Pro-Cathedral of St Joseph in Patna|
|Patron saint||Saint Joseph|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||William D'Souza, S.J.|
- 1917: Established as the Apostolic Vicariate of Patna from the Apostolic Prefecture of Bettiah
- September 10, 1919: Promoted as Diocese of Patna
- March 16, 1999: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Patna
History Of The Archdiocese of Patna
The Congregation for the Propagation of Faith erected the Prefecture of Tibet - Hindustan in 1703 and entrusted it to the Capuchin Fathers of the Italian Province of Picenum in the Marches of Ancona. The first group of fathers reached Lhasa (Tibet) in 1707 and began Church work there. For nearly 41 years the Capuchin Fathers worked in Lhasa until a religious persecution forced them to give up their mission and move to Kathmandu (Nepal) in 1745.
Nepal had seen the Capuchin Fathers working with varying success in Kathmandu since 1715. A new conqueror of Kathmandu valley, Raja Pritvi Narayan, who was not sympathetic to the Fathers stopped all support to them. The Mission of Nepal was also abandoned in 1769, and the Fathers with 62 Nepalese Christians and five catechumens moved to India. The Nepalese Christians and catechumens settled down at Chuhari near Bettiah. The scene of the capuchin Mission shifted now to the Indian soil. Fr Joseph Mary ofm cap, a saintly priest, founded the Bettiah Mission in 1745 after the King of Bettiah, Raja Druva Singh had obtained permission from Pope Benedict XIV.
Rome erected the Prefecture of Tibet-Hindustan into a Vicariate in 1812. In 1827 an Independent Patna Vicariate was created, comprising Bettiah, Chuhari, Patna City, Dinapore, Bhagalpur, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Nepal, and adjacent territories. The saintly Anastasius Hartmann, ofm cap., was appointed its first Vicar Apostolic. With a Decree of Pope Leo XIII Patna Vicariate became a part of Allahabad diocese in 1886. The North Bihar Mission with its four stations of Bettiah, Chuhari, Chakhani and Latonah was entrusted to the Tyrolese Capuchins in 1886. In May 1892 the North Bihar Mission was made Bettiah - Nepal Prefecture with Fr Hilarion of Abtei, ofm cap, as its first Prefect. In 1919 this Prefecture was dissolved and joined to South Bihar to form the present Diocese of Patna.
Pope Benedict XV by a Decree on September 10, 1919 divided the Diocese of Allahabad into two. The Diocese of Patna was thus created. The Prefecture of Bettiah-Nepal was annexed to the new diocese. The Holy See entrusted Patna diocese to American Missouri Province of the Society of Jesus. Later, on November 13, 1930, after the division of Missouri Province, Patna diocese was entrusted to the Chicago Province of the Society of Jesus. Louis Van Hoeck, S.J. was ordained the first Bishop of Patna on March 6, 1921.
The Third Order Regular (T.O.R.) Franciscan Fathers from Pennsylvania, USA came to Patna diocese to assist the Jesuits in 1938. The mission stations of Bhagalpur, Gokhla, Poreyahat and Godda were assigned to them. In 1956 Bhagalpur was made a Prefecture and in 1965 it was created a Diocese with Msgr Urban Mc Garry, T.O.R., as its First Bishop.
The forbidden Kingdom of Nepal was once again open for Fathers in 1951, thanks to the efforts of Fr. Marshall D. Moran, S.J. Nepal was made an independent ecclesiastical unit in 1984 and Fr. Antony Sharma, S.J. was appointed as its First Mission Superior.
On March 28, 1980, Pope John Paul II, accepted the resignation of Bishop Augustine Wildermuth S.J., and divided the Patna diocese into two units: Patna and Muzzaffarpur. Fr Benedict J Osta S.J., was appointed Bishop of Patna.
- Archbishops of Patna (Latin Rite)
- Archbishop William D’Souza, S.J. (October 1, 2007 – present)
- Archbishop Benedict John Osta, S.J. (76) (March 16, 1999 – October 1, 2007)
- Bishops of Patna (Latn Rite)
- Bishop Benedict John Osta, S.J. (76) (later Archbishop) (March 6, 1980 – March 16, 1999)
- Bishop Augustine Francis Wildermuth, S.J. (June 12, 1947 – March 6, 1980)
- Bishop Bernard James Sullivan, S.J. (January 15, 1929 – June 6, 1946)
- Bishop Ludovico van Hoeck, S.J. (July 20, 1920 – February 15, 1928)
- Vicars Apostolic of Patna (Latin Rite)
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Bettiah
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Bhagalpur
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Buxar
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Muzaffarpur
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Purnea