Apostolic Vicariate of Phnom Penh

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Apostolic Vicariate of Phnom Penh
Vicariatus Apostolicus de Phnom-Penh
សាវកជំនួសរាជធានីភ្នំពេញ
Location
Country Cambodia
Statistics
Area 31,946 km2 (12,334 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2010)
5,287,000
13,283 (0.3%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Latin
Established 30 August 1850 (As Vicariate Apostolic of Cambogia)
3 December 1924 (As Vicariate Apostolic of Phnom-Penh)
Cathedral Saint Joseph Parish (Phsar Taught)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Apostolic Vicar Olivier Schmitthaeusler, M.E.P.
Emeritus Bishops Émile Destombes Vicar Apostolic Emeritus (2001-2010)
Yves Ramousse Vicar Apostolic Emeritus (1992-2001)
Map
Map

The Apostolic Vicariate of Phnom Penh is a territorial subdivision of the Roman Catholic Church in Cambodia. It is immediately subject to the Holy See.

The vicariate covers an area of 31,946 km² of southern Cambodia, covering the cities Phnom Penh, Kep and Sihanoukville, and Kandal, Takéo, Kampot, Kampong Speu and Koh Kong provinces. As of 2002, of the 4.4 million citizens in this prefecture, 13,250 are member of the Catholic Church. The vicariate is subdivided into 7 pastoral centers, and has 26 priests.

History[edit]

The Vicariate Apostolic of Cambodia was erected on August 30, 1850. Since 1860 it was responsible for the provinces Phsar Dek, Châu Đốc and Sóc Trăng of lower Cambodia, now part of Vietnam. In 1924, it was renamed as Vicariate Apostolic of Phnom Penh. On September 20, 1955, the vicariate became responsible for all of Cambodia. In 1968, the vicariate was split into three parts, with the Apostolic Prefecture of Battambang responsible for the north west and the Apostolic Prefecture of Kompong Cham for the north east of the country.

During the rule of the Khmer Rouge, all religious activities were forbidden, and many Catholics were persecuted, especially priests and other ordinaries. Also many Vietnamese Catholics, the majority of Catholics in Cambodia, were either executed or expelled from the country. Most churches were also destroyed. The number of Catholics in the area of the vicariate fell from about 30,000 to less than 10,000. In 1990, the new constitution of Cambodia allowed free worship again.

On December 24, 2009 the French priest Olivier Schmitthaeusler, M.E.P. was named Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Phnom-Penh and Titular Bishop of Catabum Castra. He succeeded to bishop Destombes on October 1st, 2010.

Ordinaries[edit]

External links[edit]