Vice President of Egypt

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Vice President of the Arab Republic of Egypt
Former political post
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
Arms of the Government
First officeholder Sabri al-Asali
Akram al-Hawrani
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Abdel Hakim Amer
Last officeholder Mohamed ElBaradei
Appointer President of Egypt
Office began 7 March 1958
Office ended 14 August 2013

The Vice President of the Arab Republic of Egypt was a senior official within the Egyptian government.

History of the office[edit]

Under the 1971 Constitution[edit]

According to article 139 of the 1971 Constitution, the President of Egypt "may appoint one or more Vice-Presidents define their jurisdiction and relieve them of their posts. The rules relating to the calling to account of the President of the Republic shall be applicable to the Vice-Presidents." The Constitution gives broad authority to the President to determine the number of Vice Presidents, as well as their appointment, dismissal and duties of office.

Under the 2012 Constitution[edit]

The 2012 Constitution does not include the position of Vice President.[1]

With the adoption of the 2012 Constitution on 26 December 2012, the office of Vice President was abolished. Mahmoud Mekki was the last person to hold the office before the adoption of the 2012 Constitution, having resigned on 22 December 2012.

2013 Coup d'état[edit]

After the overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, the position of the Vice President was briefly restored by Acting President Adly Mansour, who appointed Mohamed ElBaradei to the post of Acting Vice President on 7 July 2013.[2][3] He was sworn in on 14 July.[4] On 14 August 2013, following a violent crackdown by security forces on supporters of deposed President Morsi, in which at least 595 people were killed,[5] ElBaradei resigned as Acting Vice President.[6]

Under the 2014 Constitution[edit]

Like the 2012 Constitution the 2014 Constitution does not include the position of Vice President.

With the adoption of the 2014 Constitution, the office of Vice President was abolished once again. Mohamed ElBaradei was the last person to hold the office until resigned on 14 August 2013, leaving the post vacant until it was finally abolished with the adoption of the 2014 Constitution.

List of Vice Presidents[edit]

This list contains Vice Presidents of United Arab Republic (1958–1971, included Syria until 1961) and Arab Republic of Egypt (1971–present).

# Name Portrait Born-Died Took Office Left Office Political Party President
1 Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
Sabri al-Assali.jpg 1903–1976 7 March 1958 7 October 1958   National Party Gamal Abdel Nasser
Akram al-Hawrani
أكرم الحوراني
Akram Hourani.jpg 1912–1996 7 March 1958 19 September 1960   Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
عبد اللطيف البغدادي
Boghdadi, 1958.jpg 1917–1999 7 March 1958 1 December 1962   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
1 December 1962 23 March 1964   Arab Socialist Union
Abdel Hakim Amer
محمد عبد الحكيم عامر
عبد الحكيم عامر.jpg 1919–1967 7 March 1958 1 December 1962   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
1 December 1962 30 September 1965   Arab Socialist Union
5 Nur al-Din Kahala
نور الدين كحالة
Nur al-Din Kahala.jpg 1910– 20 September 1960 18 October 1961   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
6 Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
عبد الحميد السراج
Abdul Hamid Sarraj.jpg 1925–2013 16 August 1961 18 October 1961   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
Kamal el-Din Hussein
كمال الدين حسين
Kamel el-Din Hussein.jpg 1921–1999 16 August 1961 1 December 1962   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
1 December 1962 23 March 1964   Arab Socialist Union
Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
Zakaria Mohie ElDein.jpg 1918–2012 16 August 1961 1 December 1962   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
1 December 1962 23 March 1964   Arab Socialist Union
Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
Hussein Al Shafei.JPG 1918–2005 16 August 1961 1 December 1962   National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
1 December 1962 30 September 1965   Arab Socialist Union
10 Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg 1918–1981 17 February 1964 26 March 1964   Arab Socialist Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
Hassan Ibrahim
حسن ابراهيم
Hassan Ibrahim, 1952.jpg 1917–1990 17 February 1964 27 January 1966   Arab Socialist Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
12 Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
Zakaria Mohie ElDein.jpg 1918–2012 1 October 1965 20 March 1968   Arab Socialist Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
Ali Sabri
على صبرى
Ali Sabri 1966.jpg 1920–1991 1 October 1965 20 March 1968   Arab Socialist Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
14 Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
Hussein Al Shafei.JPG 1918–2005 20 March 1968 16 January 1973   Arab Socialist Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
Anwar Sadat
15 Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg 1918–1981 19 December 1969 14 October 1970   Arab Socialist Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
16 Ali Sabri
على صبرى
Ali Sabri 1966.jpg 1920–1991 30 October 1970 2 May 1971   Arab Socialist Union Anwar Sadat
Vacant (2 May 197116 January 1972)
17 Mahmoud Fawzi
محمود فوزى
Coat of Arms of Egypt within the Federation of Arab Republics.svg 1900–1981 16 January 1972 18 September 1974   Arab Socialist Union Anwar Sadat
Vacant (18 September 197416 April 1975)
18 Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
Hosni Mubarak - World Economic Forum on the Middle East 2008 edit1.jpg 1928– 16 April 1975 2 October 1978   Arab Socialist Union Anwar Sadat
2 October 1978 14 October 1981   National Democratic Party
Vacant (14 October 198129 January 2011)
19 Omar Suleiman
عمر سليمان
Omar Suleiman 070731-D-7203T-010 0WX8I.jpg 1936–2012 29 January 2011 11 February 2011   Independent Hosni Mubarak
Vacant (11 February 201112 August 2012)
20 Mahmoud Mekki
محمود مكي
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg 1954– 12 August 2012 22 December 2012   Independent Mohamed Morsi
Vacant (22 December 201226 December 2012)
Post abolished (26 December 201214 July 2013)
Mohamed ElBaradei
محمد البرادعي
(acting)
Mohamed el-Baradei.jpg 1942– 14 July 2013 14 August 2013   Constitution Party Adly Mansour
Vacant (14 August 201318 January 2014)
Post abolished (18 January 2014–Present)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shalaby,Ethar (3 December 2012). "VP not to continue according to new constitution". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Egyptian interim president nominates two for leadership posts". Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Egypt’s Salafist party rejects choices for premier, vice-president". Al Arabiya. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Aya Batrawy, "Egypt's defense minister defends ousting president", Associated Press, 14 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Egyptian security forces storm protesters’ camps". Washington Post. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Egypt's VP Mohamed ElBaradei resigns in protest against crackdown". Los Angeles Times. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  • El-Gawady, Mohamed: Cabinets during period of Revolution (1986)
  • Hafez, Salah: Democracy Shock (2001)

External links[edit]